Product Announcement from Technical Glass Products, Inc. - OH
Fused Quartz Wool
Fused Quartz Wool has the same properties as pure quartz glass. The fibers are non-flammable and incombustible. The fibers maintain their usable mechanical properties up to 1050°C. Fused Quartz Wool is available in the following forms:
- Wool Felts
Coarse 9µm Nominal Wool
Bulk Wool consists of woven basic fibers between 5µm and 15µm. The arrangement of the fibers gives the wool its curly appearance, which prevents compression of the material and improves the desired insulating qualities. Fine 4µm Nominal Wool
Fine Wool consists of woven basic fibers between 1.5µm and 7µm. This product was developed to meet severe technical specifications required by markets that demand a larger specific area. Therefore, this wool offers more efficient thermal conductivity than our standard bulk wool.
A Felt is quartz wool that has been impregnated with a starch binder to provide a stable sheet that can be handled, cut or fabricated to exact sizes. The binder can be removed by heating the Felt to 900°F for 1 hour, or 500°F for 24 hours. Binder content on the Felt is 4–5% by weight.
Technical Glass Products, Inc., was founded in 1990 as a fabricator of Fused Quartz Glassware. Our commitment to excellence has resulted in TGP becoming America’s fastest growing supplier of stock shapes and fabricated products in the industry.
TGP has two manufacturing facilities, which allows us to maintain a broad inventory of labware, flat stock, rod and tubing. These items are all supported by the finest engineers, machinists and glass blowers in the industry. Therefore, we can strategically satisfy our customers’ requirements.
Technical Glass Products is proud of its expertise, and we welcome the opportunity to supply all of your quartz needs.
- Fused Quartz Tubing
- Fused Quartz Rod
- Plates & Discs
- Microscope Slides
- Fused Quartz Joints
- Fused Quartz Labware
- Fused Quartz Wool & Felt
- Opaque Labware
- Fritted Discs
- Machined Quartz
- Specialty Tubing
- Fabrication & Repair
- Semiconductor Ware
Silica is found almost everywhere in nature, and represents almost 1/3 the mass of the earth’s crust. Vitreous Silica is the generic term used to describe all types of silica glass, and manufacturers refer to the material as either Fused Quartz or Fused Silica.
Fused Quartz is manufactured by melting naturally occuring crystalline silica, such as sand or rock crystal. The production method is either electrically fused or flame fused. Afterward, items will appear transparent, translucent, or opaque; making it possible to create a wide range of products.
Fused silica, commonly referred to as synthetic fused quartz, is produced using high purity silica sand that is manufactured from SiCL4. The finished product’s appearance will be transparent.
Vitreous Silica, in all its forms, offers a variety of properties such as:
- Extreme Hardness
- Very Low Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
- Resistance to High Temperature
- High Chemical Purity
- High Corrosion Resistance
- Extensive Optical Transmission from Ultra-Violet to Infra-Red
- Excellent Electrical Insulation Qualities
- Remarkable Stability Under Atomic Bombardment
Internal Pressure Calculations
Because fused quartz is used in applications involving internal pressures, it is helpful to know the maximum pressure that can be applied to a selected fused quartz tube. The formula below can approximate this information at room temperature. In addition, there are helpful calculator applications available here.
The cleaning of fused quartz is critical before it is used in any application. The fused quartz should be cleaned by placing it in a 7% maximum solution of Ammonium Bifluoride for no more than ten (10) minutes, or a 10% volume maximum solution of Hydrofloric Acid for no more than five (5) minutes. After cleaning, using the above method, the fused quartz should be rinsed in deionized or distilled water and then dried.
To further reduce the possibility of contamination, care should be used in handling fused quartz. The use of clean cotton gloves at all times is essential.
Running In Procedure
In order to increase resistance to devitrification and sag of your quartzware, an even layer of cristobalite must be formed on the O.D. of quartz tubes. Expose a new tube to a temperature of up to 1200°C and rotate it 90° every two (2) hours for the first 12 to 24 hours.
Space permitting, fused quartz should be stored in its original shipping container. If that is not practical, at least the wrapping should be retained. In the case of tubing, the end coverings should be kept in place until the product is used. This protects the ends from chipping and keeps out dirt and moisture which could compromise the purity and performance of the tubing.
Because The Products Are Annealed
Both quartz and silica glass are annealed at approximately 1150°C. However, they reach a strain point at about 1120°C. These glass products, if rapidly cooled after use at temperatures above this strain point, will develop strain again. Special care should be taken when using large sized products.
When Joining Fused Quartz And Other Materials
Quartz and silica glass only slightly expand with increases in temperature compared to other materials. Care must be taken when these glass products are connected to other materials and the temperature rises, in order to avoid the development of cracks.
Care Must Be Taken During Furnace Insertion
Quartz and silica glass feature low thermal conductivity. If the glass product comes too close to a heating element, or is put in direct contact with a flame, it may become locally heated and develop cracks. Long glass tubes may also deform at temperatures of 1100°C or higher. Care should be taken to support both glass types, especially large-sized products.
Devitrification of quartz and silica glass means transition from a metastable (vitrified) state to a stable crystallized state of cristobalite. Devitrification occurs when the product is used at high temperatures over a long period of time, or it is heated while impurities adhere to its surface. Even very small impurities on the surface can have a major influence. Under such conditions, devitrification may even occur at temperatures of 1000°C or less. This hardly ever occurs at temperatures of 1150°C or less, if the glass surface is perfectly clean. Devitrification usually starts when the temperature rises to 1200°C or higher, then further develops as the temperature increases.
Special Handling And Precautions
When handling, always wear clean, lint free gloves or powder free latex gloves. Be sure to avoid direct contact of the glass with bare hands. The skin’s natural salts contain alkali metal elements such as sodium and potassium that speed devitrification.
MOMENTIVE® CALCULATORS & REFERENCE TOOLS
Technical Glass Products is an authorized Momentive Fused Quartz fabricator. Momentive Fused Quartz combines extreme purity with excellent high temperature properties.Momentive quality offers Technical Glass technical support backed by a staff of material and fusion experts, ensuring the customer of reliable and cost-efficient glassware fabrication.
Technical Glass Products specializes in custom fabrication of fused quartz products to your exact specifications. From small diameter apparatus to large diameter furnace tubes and bell jars, our experienced craftsmen have decades of experience that enables us to exceed your expectations for quality. Along with custom items, Technical Glass manufactures a wide range of standard labware including:
- Test Tubes
Technical Glass Products also offers a wide range of standard products for immediate shipment for your glassblowing needs:
- Standard Taper Joints
- Ball & Socket Joints
- Flat O-ring Connectors
- GL Threaded Tubes
- Quartz Wool & Felt
- Fritted Discs
- Quartz to Pyrex Graded Seals
* Solids include Discs, Plates, Flanges and other custom machined parts
Our headquarters, located in Painesville, Ohio, is an 11,000 square foot facility. It houses our sales office, Class 10000 clean-room manufacturing area, and warehouse. Our second plant, in Gonzales, Louisiana, accommodates an additional 11,000 square feet of manufacturing and distribution space.
We are known world wide for our quality, service and competitive pricing. We are world leaders in the fused quartz fabrication industry, and have the pleasure to be an authorized distributor and fabricator for a number of quartz raw material suppliers, including:
- Momentive Performance Materials (formerly GE Quartz)
Our goal at TGP is not only to meet all of your quality, service and pricing expectations, but also to exceed those expectations and become the quartz fabricator and distributor of choice for your company.
For prompt evaluation and quotation of your project,
please contact us: CONTACT US