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Type:

Abrasive Grain / Material Type:

Grit Size:

Grading / Grit System:

Applications:

Products / Materials Abraded:

Rotary Speed:

Bond Type:

Reinforced?

Mounting:

Help with Bonded Abrasives specifications:

Type
   Type:       
   Your choices are...         
   Abrasive File       An abrasive file is a bonded abrasive block or coated abrasive sheet adhered onto the surface of a rigid rectangular shaped support.  The file may have an integral handle or it may be a very narrow file belt for portable abrasive file grinders. 
   Blank / Custom Wheel         Blank or custom wheels are designed for customization to a user's shape requirements. 
   Cone / Plug       Small bonded abrasive wheels with a cone, cylinder or bullet shape that is mounted on a pin or mandrel for portable grinder applications. ANSI B74.2 Types 16, 17, 18, 18R & 19.  · Type 16 - Cone wheels with a curved side and nose radius · Type 17 - Cone wheels with straight sides, optional nose radius · Type 18, 18R - Plug wheels with a cylindrical shape and either a square or curved grinding end · Type 19 - Combination cone and plug shaped wheels 
   Cutoff / Sectioning Wheel (Type 27, 41, 42)       Cut-off wheels are thin reinforced grinding wheel usually made with resin bond. Cut-off wheels are usually ANSI type 41 or 42, although some ANSI type 1 or 27 wheels are used for cut-off or cutting applications. Cut-off wheels are used for quick and efficient sawing of metal bar stock, gate removal or masonry products. Smaller wheels are made for portable power tools, while large diameter wheels are made for large floor or bench mounted machines. Sectioning wheels consist of very thin wheels for dicing wafers, metallography sample or other specialized applications.  Cut-off and sectioning wheels utilize either conventional abrasive or superabrasive grain. 
   Cylinder Wheel (Type 2)       Cylinder wheels are long wheels with a simple, can shape without any recesses or cups. The length of the wheel is equal to or greater than the thickness of the wheel.  ANSI B74.2 Type 2 wheels fall under this group. 
   Depressed Center Wheel (Type 27, 28, 29)       Grinding wheels with a depressed center, which helps keep the mounting hardware out of the grinding process. ANSI type 27, 28 and 29 wheels fall under this category. ANSI type 27 wheels have a flat configuration with a depressed center.  ANSI type 29 wheels fold back away from the workpiece and wheel center while ANSI type 28 wheels project out in front of the wheel center toward the workpiece.  
   Dish Wheel (Type 12)       Wheels with a saucer-shaped dish, such as ANSI type 12 wheels. 
   Flaring Cup (Type 11)       Cups have a cup or bowl shape.  Type 11 wheels are often called “flaring cups” since the sides flare out.  
   Grinding Segment       Bonded abrasive structures that can be assembled on a special form to create a large wheel for flat surface grinding. 
   Hone / Sharpening Stone       A stone or bonded abrasive product with a rectangular block or shaped stick configuration.  Abrasive stones or sticks are used for sharpening edges and honing internal or external surfaces. 
   Mounted Point / Abrasive Burr       Very small bonded abrasives or superabrasive wheels with a round ball, point, cone, cylinder or bullet shape that are mounted on a pin or mandrel for portable die grinder and deburring applications. 
   Recessed / Relieved (Type 5, 7, 20 - 26)       Recessed wheels have an ANSI type 6, type 5 and type 11 wheels fall under this category.  Type 5 wheels are only recessed on one side. Type 7 wheels are recessed on both sides. 
   Ring / Disc Wheel (35, 36, 37)       Ring wheels have a donut or toroid shape.  Ring or disc grinding wheels are mounted (bolted or cemented) to a backing plate, which drives the wheel. Superabrasive type 2A2 wheels fall into this category.  Conventional bonded abrasive type 35, 36 and 37 fit into this category. 
   Straight Wheel (Type 1)       Grinding wheels consist of abrasive grains bonded together by a matrix of resins, epoxy, rubber, metal, and vitrified glass materials. Straight wheels have a simple, flat disc shape without any recesses, flaring or cups. ANSI B74.2 Type 1 wheels fall under this group. 
   Straight Cup (Type 6, 9)       Cups have a cup or bowl shape.  ANSI type 6 wheel are referred to as straight cups, since they have a cylindrical configuration. 
   Tapered Body Wheel (Type 3, 4)       Tapered body wheels have a thicker cross section at the bore, which becomes thinner or tapers toward the outer diameter. ANSI Type 3 or 4 wheels fall under this group.  Superabrasive types 14A1and  3A1 wheels fall into this category. 
   Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented abrasive or abrasive product. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Abrasive Grain Type
   Abrasive Grain / Material Type:       
   Your choices are...         
   Aluminum Oxide       Aluminum oxide is the most common industrial mineral in use today. Fused aluminum oxide is produced synthetically by melting bauxite and additive in an arc furnace to form a fused aluminum oxide ingots, which are later crushed and sized.  The various types of fused aluminum oxides are distinguished by the levels of chemical impurities remaining in the fused mineral. Titanium and chromium oxides are typical additives.  Fused aluminum oxide is available in several variations depending on composition and processing such as white (high purity), brown or regular (titanium oxide modified) and pink (chromium oxide additions). Titanium oxide additions can toughen the abrasive and enable heat treating process, which changes brown aluminum oxide to a blue colored grain as titania precipitates form. Aluminum oxide abrasives are also produced with chemical precursors and precipitation, calcination and/or sintering processes. Calcined or platelet aluminas as used in fine grit or polishing applications.  Sol-gel aluminum oxide is produced in using chemical ceramic technology, but this abrasive has very high performance and is usually referred to as Ceramic abrasive grain to distinguish the grain from lower performing fused aluminum oxide.  Aluminum oxide occurs naturally in the form of the mineral corundum, but the mineral is not used as a commercial abrasive except as a component of emery. 
   Ceramic (e.g., Norton SG®, Norton Quantum®)       Ceramic abrasives typically consist of aluminum oxide with or without additional modifiers produced using a sol-gel and sintering process.  The ceramic processing route results in a hard, dense abrasive with an extremely fine crystal size and outstanding grinding performance on a variety of workpiece materials. Norton SG® and Norton Quantum® are examples of ceramic alumina grain manufactured by the Saint-Gobain Group.  The patented alumina seeding process used in manufacturing Norton SG® abrasive grain produces a sub-micron crystal structure resulting in superior performance.  
   Silicon Carbide       Silicon carbide is a synthetic abrasive first developed in the late 1800s.  SiC is harder than aluminum oxide, but more friable than fused aluminum oxide grains. Silicon carbide is typically applied to nonferrous applications (brass, aluminum, titanium).  The high solubility of carbon and silicon in iron would result in a reaction of silicon carbide with the iron base alloy and poor grinding performance.  Levels and types of impurities distinguish the green and black forms of silicon carbide. The sharp and easily fractured abrasive grains for abrading other non-metals such as the stone, glass, wood, and leather. SiC, like diamond, is susceptible to oxidation at higher temperatures. 
   Superabrasive - Diamond       Synthetic diamond is produced synthetically in a high temperature, high pressure process anvil press. Diamond is superabrasive grain with the highest known hardness and a cubic crystal structure. Diamond is used for grinding nonferrous metals, ceramics, glass, stone, and building materials. Diamond is not useful in grinding steel or ferrous alloys because carbon or diamond readily dissolves or reacts with iron.  Diamond pastes are useful in ferrous polishing or lapping applications where heat and reactivity are not a factor.  Diamond is susceptible to oxidation at higher temperatures 
   Superabrasive - CBN       Cubic boron nitride (CBN) is superabrasive grain with hardness second to diamond and a cubic crystal structure.  CBN provide super grinding performance on carbon and alloy steel.  Diamond is not useful in grinding steel or ferrous alloys because carbon or diamond readily dissolves or reacts with iron.  CBN is produced synthetically in a high temperature, high pressure process anvil press a process similar to synthetic diamond production. 
   Tungsten Carbide       Crushed tungsten carbide grit is utilized in metal bonded products for abrasion of tough materials such as composites, fiberglass, reinforced plastics, rubber and other specialized materials. 
   Zirconia (e.g., Norzon®)       Alumina-zirconia abrasive grain consists of a fused alloy of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide.  NorZon® is widely used variation proprietary to Norton Company, which consisting of a fused and quenched eutectic mixture of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide.  The resulting fine structure and higher hardness contributes to improved grinding performance on stainless steel, titanium and other exotic metals. 
   Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented abrasive grain, grit or abrasive material. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Grit Size
   Grit Size:       Applies to products using abrasive grains held in a matrix or bonded to a surface such as coated abrasives, MSL superabrasives, vitrified grinding wheels, dressing sticks, honing stones or grit dressers. Grit sizes are based on ANSI, FEPA, JIS or proprietary grading system standards.  Grading system standards define a grit size through specified upper and lower limits at certain points in the size distribution. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Grading / Grit System:       
   Your choices are...         
   ANSI       American or U.S. grading or grit size standards for abrasive grains used in bonded abrasives or grinding wheels. 
   FEPA - F       European grading or grit size standards for abrasive grains used in bonded abrasives or grinding wheels. 
   JIS       Japanese grading or grit size standards for abrasive grains. 
   Micron Graded       Very fine abrasive grain graded to micron size ranges usually based an average particle size. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted, proprietary, or specialized grading or grit system. 
   Search Logic:      Products with the selected attribute will be returned as matches. Leaving or selecting "No Preference" will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Applications
           
   Your choices are...         
   Material Removal / Rough (Coarse)       Typically coarse grit bonded abrasive products are designed for heavy cutting or stock removal applications with rougher finish compared to finer grit bonded abrasive product wheels.  Coarse stones for initial or rough sharpening, vitrified or bonded abrasive wheels or segments with 46 grit and coarser grain and 100S grit superabrasive wheels would fall into this category. 
   Intermediate Cut & Finish (Medium Grits)       Medium or medium fine grit products are typically used for moderate stock removal combined with a better finish compared to coarser grits.  Vitrified or bonded abrasive wheels with in the 54 to 80 grit grain size and 120 grit superabrasive wheels would fall into this category. Also, abrasive hone or stone products with medium coarseness used for medium sharpening or deburring. Deburring is the removal of burrs or sharp edges from machining, casting or other manufacturing processes. 
   Finishing / Light Cutting (Fine Grits)       Fine grit abrasive products designed or suitable finishing with light cutting or stock removal.  Vitrified or bonded abrasive wheels with in the 100 to 120 grit grain size and 150 grit superabrasive wheels would fall into this category. Also, abrasive hone or stone products with fine coarsenesss for stoning or intermediate finishing between medium sharpening and final honing. 
   Finish Generation / Honing (Ultra / Very Fine)       Very fine to ultrafine abrasive products are used to improve finish and provide good corner holding characteristics.  Vitrified or bonded abrasive wheels with 150 grit or finer grain and 180 grit superabrasive wheels would fall into this category.  Also, extra fine or ultrafine grit stones, stick or other boned abrasive products may be used for honing or superfinishing type applications. 
   Dry Grinding / Finishing       Abrasive products designed or suitable for dry grinding applications. 
   Wet Grinding / Finishing       Waterproof abrasive products designed or suitable for grinding using a water or water-oil coolant mixture. 
   Bench / Pedestal       Abrasive product designed for use on bench or back stand grinders or sanders with offhand (handheld) presentation of the parts to the abrasive. 
   Cylindrical / Centerless       Abrasive product suitable for cylindrical or centerless grinding. Cylindrical grinding is often refers to grinding between centers of shafts, threaded shafts, large rolls, cams or similar components.  In centerless grinding machine tools, cylindrical workpieces are placed between a grinding wheel and regulating wheels. The latter causes the part to rotate to produce precision cylindrical parts. Parts sit on a work rest rather than on centers for faster and easier insertion and removal of the workpiece. Primarily used in high production applications, centerless grinding has various forms that include thru feed and plunge grinding. 
   Internal / Bores       Internal grinding utilizes smaller diameter wheels or abrasive products for grinding or finishing the surface on the inner diameter of a part. 
   Form / Gear Grinding       Form, profile, gear, and other processes where the surface of the grinding wheel is shaped by dressing to create a specific profile. By dressing an inverse profile of the desired component surface on to a grinding wheel, complex sequencing of multiple steps can be avoided. Form grinding is also possible with coated abrasives and nonwoven products using specialized accessories. 
   Portable / Angle Grinder       Abrasive product designed for use on portable or handheld grinders or sanders such as weld grinding on a large fabrication. 
   Surface / Creepfeed Grinding       Abrasive products designed or suitable for Blanchard, surface or creepfeed grinding applications. 
   Surface Prepartion / Cleaning       Abrasive products such as non-woven wheels suitable for cleaning, stripping coatings, descaling, or other surface preparation applications. 
   Thin Kerf Sawing / Slicing       Slicing of boules into semiconductor wafers, dicing processed wafers into IC chip or dies, cutting optical components, or other specialized cut off operations usually using thin superabrasive sectioning blades. 
   Toolroom / Sharpening       Abrasive products designed or suitable for sharpening, deburring, honing, precision grinding or other toolroom applications. 
   Specialty / Other       Abrasive products designed or suitable for other specialty, proprietary or patented applications. 
   Search Logic:      Products with the selected attribute will be returned as matches. Leaving or selecting "No Preference" will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Products / Materials Abraded:       
   Your choices are...         
   Automotive       Abrasive products designed or suitable for automotive applications such as part or weld grinding and paint sanding. 
   Ceramics / Glass       Abrasive products designed or suitable for ceramics and glass grinding or finishing. 
   Metalworking       Abrasive products designed for metal grinding or finishing applications. 
   MRO / Construction       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing in maintenance & repair operations (MRO) or building materials such as the grinding of repair welds or cutting, grinding or finishing concrete or other construction materials. 
   Ophthalmic / Optical       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing applications in optical lens or component fabrication as well as for eyeglass or ophthalmic production. 
   Plastics / Composites       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing plastics or composite materials. 
   Semiconductors / Electronics       Abrasives wheels, saw blades or other abrasive products designed for semiconductors or electronics applications such as back grinding, finishing, CMP pad dressing, IC die cutting, planarization (CMP), wafer slicing or other electronics manufacturing operations. 
   Specialty / Other       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing other unlisted specialty or proprietary materials. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Rotary Speed:       The maximum rotary speed or speed range recommended by the supplier. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Bond Type
   Bond Type:       
   Your choices are...         
   None / Mineral Stone       Products, such as natural mineral stone, do not have a bonding system. 
   Metal       Bonded abrasive product with an electroplated or brazed metal bond system between the abrasive grains or between the grains a metal substrate. 
   Resin / Resinoid       Bonded abrasive product with a resin or resinoid bond system between the abrasive grains. 
   Rubber       Bonded abrasive product with a rubber or elastomer bond system between the abrasive grains. 
   Shellac       Bonded abrasive product with a shellac bond system between the abrasive grains. 
   Silicate / Oxychloride       Bonded abrasive product with a bond system using a silicate, magnesium oxychloride, magnesite or Sorel cement. These low strength bonds keep heat generation to a minimum, but may lack the life and durability of vitrified or resin bonded wheels. The chloride in the oxychloride may provide a grinding aid action. 
   Vitrified       Bonded abrasive product with a vitrified or glass bond system between the abrasive grains. 
   Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented bond type. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Reinforced?       Abrasive product reinforced with a fiberglass mesh, fibers or other materials to improve the structural integrity of the product. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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Mounting
   Mounting:       
   Your choices are...         
   None / Handheld       Abrasive product designed or suited for handheld use.  Also, an abrasive product not specifically designed for mounting in a holder or on a pad, or on a contact wheel. 
   Bore / Center Mount       Central hole or bore for mandrel, arbor, spindle or shaft mounting. 
   Hook & Loop       Abrasive is attached to a back-up pad or holder using a hook & loop fabric. Velcro® is a well known example of hook & loop fabric. The hooks catch onto the loops to hold the product. The fabric with loops is usually attached to the abrasive component and fabric with loops is attached to the back-up pad.  
   Integral Mandrel (Mounted)       Abrasive tool is supplied as mounted onto an integral mandrel, pin, arbor or shaft. 
   PSA  / Adhesive       Abrasive product designed for mounting using an adhesive or pressure sensitive adhesive. 
   Quick Change       Abrasive product or disc designed for mounting using a quick change mechanism such as Norton's SpeedLocTM
   Quill Mount       Grinding wheel designed for mounting using a quill. 
   Specialty / Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented mounting method. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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