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Type:

Abrasive Grain / Material Type:

Aggregate?

Grit Size:

Grading / Grit System:

Applications:

Applications:

Products / Materials Abraded:

Rotary Speed:

Surface Speed:

Backing Type:

Combination Backing?

Features:

Mounting:

Help with Coated Abrasives specifications:

Type
   Type:       
   Your choices are...         
   Abrasive Belt       Abrasive belts consist of abrasive grain adhered onto the surface of a cloth, film, paper non-woven or other backing formed into a closed loop with an adhesive joint. Several different types of joints are used depending on the application such as butt, lap, skived, and interlocking joints. Abrasive belts are mounted on rotating wheels or pulleys and are used for surface finishing, sanding, grinding, etc. Abrasive machinery used ranges from small handheld equipment (portable belt sanders or file grinders) to very large wide belt sanding machines that use belts five feet wide. 
   Abrasive Disc       Abrasive discs consist of abrasive grain adhered onto the surface of a cloth, film, paper, non-woven or other backing. Abrasive discs are used for surface finishing, sanding, grinding, etc. Abrasive discs typically have round shape, although specialized flower petal shapes are used for ophthalmic applications. 
   Abrasive Pad       Abrasive pads consist of abrasive grain adhered onto the surface of a cloth, film, paper, non-woven or other backing usually with a die cut square or rectangular shape. Hand pads may have a round or contoured shape.  Hand pads usually are thicker than an abrasive sheet and often have an integral loop or handle to help the user hold and use the pad. 
   Abrasive Roll       Long sheet or strip of coated abrasive with a cloth, film, paper, non-woven or other backing rolled up into an abrasive roll. 
   Abrasive Sheet       Abrasive sheet or pad consists of abrasive grain adhered onto the surface of a cloth, film, paper, non-woven or other backing usually with a die cut square or rectangular shape. Converted sheet products or hand pads may have a round or contoured shape. 
   Specialty Abrasive       Specialty abrasives includes flap wheels, cross pads, cartridge rolls, drum sleeves, flap discs, interleaved discs and other specialized products converted from coated or non-woven abrasives.  
   Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented abrasive or abrasive product. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Abrasive Grain Type
   Abrasive Grain / Material Type:       
   Your choices are...         
   Aluminum Oxide       Aluminum oxide is the most common industrial mineral in use today. Fused aluminum oxide is produced synthetically by melting bauxite and additive in an arc furnace to form a fused aluminum oxide ingots, which are later crushed and sized.  The various types of fused aluminum oxides are distinguished by the levels of chemical impurities remaining in the fused mineral. Titanium and chromium oxides are typical additives.  Fused aluminum oxide is available in several variations depending on composition and processing such as white (high purity), brown or regular (titanium oxide modified) and pink (chromium oxide additions). Titanium oxide additions can toughen the abrasive and enable heat-treating process, which changes brown aluminum oxide to a blue colored grain as titania precipitates form. Aluminum oxide abrasives are also produced with chemical precursors and precipitation, calcination and/or sintering processes. Calcined or platelet aluminas as used in fine grit or polishing applications.  Sol-gel aluminum oxide is produced in using chemical ceramic technology, but this abrasive has very high performance and is usually referred to as Ceramic abrasive grain to distinguish the grain from lower performing fused aluminum oxide.  Aluminum oxide occurs naturally in the form of the mineral corundum, but the mineral is not used as a commercial abrasive except as a component of emery. 
   Ceramic       Ceramic abrasives typically consist of aluminum oxide with or without additional modifiers produced using a sol-gel and sintering process.  The ceramic processing route results in a hard, dense abrasive with an extremely fine crystal size and outstanding grinding performance on a variety of workpiece materials. 
   Cork       Abrasive particle of cork bonded a backing with or without an additional layer of fine abrasive grains coated over the cork. The soft cork particles can provide a cushioning action and allow the abrasive product to conform and improve surface finish quality. Cork products are commonly used in glass finishing. 
   Emery       Emery is a naturally occurring mineral abrasive consisting of aluminum oxide particle in a matrix of iron oxide and other impurities. 
   Garnet       Garnet is a natural silicate mineral, consisting of a combination of Almandite and Pyrope, which mined from igneous mineral deposits or in concentrated pockets of alluvial deposits of old riverbeds.  Garnet has the general chemical formula of: Fe2O3Al2 (SiO4)3 with the iron and aluminum are partially replaceable by calcium, magnesium and manganese. 
   Silicon Carbide       Silicon carbide is a synthetic abrasive first developed in the late 1800s.  SiC is harder than aluminum oxide, but more friable than fused aluminum oxide grains. Silicon carbide is typically applied to nonferrous applications (brass, aluminum, titanium).  The high solubility of carbon and silicon in iron would result in a reaction of silicon carbide with the iron base alloy and poor grinding performance.  Levels and types of impurities distinguish the green and black forms of silicon carbide. The sharp and easily fractured abrasive grains for abrading other non-metals such as the stone, glass, wood, and leather. SiC, like diamond, is susceptible to oxidation at higher temperatures. 
   Superabrasive - Diamond       Synthetic diamond is produced synthetically in a high temperature, high pressure process anvil press. Diamond is superabrasive grain with the highest known hardness and a cubic crystal structure. Diamond is used for grinding nonferrous metals, ceramics, glass, stone, and building materials. Diamond is not useful in grinding steel or ferrous alloys because carbon or diamond readily dissolves or reacts with iron.  Diamond pastes are useful in ferrous polishing or lapping applications where heat and reactivity are not a factor.  Diamond is susceptible to oxidation at higher temperatures 
   Superabrasive - CBN       Cubic boron nitride (CBN) is superabrasive grain with hardness second to diamond and a cubic crystal structure.  CBN provide super grinding performance on carbon and alloy steel.  Diamond is not useful in grinding steel or ferrous alloys because carbon or diamond readily dissolves or reacts with iron.  CBN is produced synthetically in a high temperature, high pressure process anvil press a process similar to synthetic diamond production. 
   Tungsten Carbide       Crushed tungsten carbide grit is utilized in metal bonded products for abrasion of tough materials such as composites, fiberglass, reinforced plastics, rubber and other specialized materials. 
   Zirconia (e.g., Norzon®)       Alumina-zirconia abrasive grain consists of a fused alloy of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide.  NorZon® is widely used variation proprietary to Norton Company, which consisting of a fused and quenched eutectic mixture of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide.  The resulting fine structure and higher hardness contributes to improved grinding performance on stainless steel, titanium and other exotic metals. 
   Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented abrasive grain, grit or abrasive material. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Aggregate?       Aggregates consist a mixture of abrasive particles and bond crushed or formed into a uniform size.  The aggregates provide a longer life with a slightly coarser finish. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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Grit Size
   Grit Size:       Applies to products using abrasive grains held in a matrix or bonded to a surface such as coated abrasives, MSL superabrasives, vitrified grinding wheels, dressing sticks, honing stones or grit dressers. Grit sizes are based on ANSI, FEPA, JIS or proprietary grading system standards.  Grading system standards define a grit size through specified upper and lower limits at certain points in the size distribution. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Grading / Grit System:       
   Your choices are...         
   ANSI - CAMI / Coated       U.S. grading or grit size standards for abrasive grains used in coated abrasives, grinding belts or sanding discs. 
   FEPA - P       European grading or grit size standards for abrasive grains used in coated abrasives, grinding belts or sanding discs. 
   JIS       Japanese grading or grit size standards for abrasive grains. 
   Micron Graded       Very fine abrasive grain graded to micron size ranges usually based an average particle size. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted, proprietary, or specialized grading or grit system. 
   Search Logic:      Products with the selected attribute will be returned as matches. Leaving or selecting "No Preference" will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Applications
           
   Your choices are...         
   Material Removal / Roughing (Coarse)       Typically coarse grit coated abrasive products designed for heavy cutting or material removal applications such as belts 50 grit or coarser and discs or sheets 60 grit or coarser. 
   Blending & Intermediate Cutting (Medium Grits)       Abrasive products designed for blending or removing parting lines, seams or other significant surface imperfections. Medium or medium fine grit products are typically used for light cutting or intermediate material removal applications. Medium grit coated abrasive products include 60 to 100 grit belts and 80 to 220 grit discs or sheets.  
   Finishing / Deburring (Fine Grits)       Abrasive products designed or suitable for fine grit finishing or deburring applications. Fine grit coated abrasive products include 120 to 220 grit belts and 240 to 400 grit discs or sheets.  
   Polishing / Lapping (Very / Ultra Fine)       Abrasive products designed or suitable for precision surfacing applications such as final finishing, polishing, honing or lapping. Very fine to ultrafine grit coated abrasive products include 240 & finer grit belts and 600 grit & finer discs or sheets.  
   Cleaning / Surface Prep       Abrasive products such as non-woven wheels suitable for cleaning, stripping coatings, descaling or other surface preparation applications. 
   Cylindrical / Centerless       Abrasive product suitable for cylindrical or centerless grinding. Cylindrical grinding is often refers to grinding between centers of shafts, threaded shafts, large rolls, cams or similar components.  In centerless grinding machine tools, cylindrical workpieces are placed between a grinding wheel and regulating wheels. The latter causes the part to rotate to produce precision cylindrical parts. Parts sit on a work rest rather than on centers for faster and easier insertion and removal of the workpiece. Primarily used in high production applications, centerless grinding has various forms that include thru feed and plunge grinding. 
   Contour / Edge Sanding       Abrasive products designed or suitable for profile, contour, molding or edge sanding applications the belt or specialty abrasive product must conform to the pattern of the wood molding or metal contour to be finished. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Applications:       
   Your choices are...         
   Dry Grinding       Abrasive products designed or suitable for dry grinding applications. 
   Wet Grinding / Waterproof       Waterproof abrasive products designed or suitable for grinding using a water or water-oil coolant mixture. 
   Abrasive Planing / Lumber Dimensioning       Abrasive products designed or suitable for rough lumber dimensioning or abrasive planing. 
   Internal / Bores       Internal grinding utilizes smaller diameter wheels or abrasive products for grinding or finishing the surface on the inner diameter of a part. 
   Bench / Backstand       Abrasive product designed for use on bench or back stand grinders or sanders with offhand (handheld) presentation of the parts to the abrasive. 
   Portable Grinder / Handheld       Abrasive product designed for use on portable or handheld grinders or sanders such as weld grinding on a large fabrication. 
   Surface / Platen       Abrasive products designed or suitable for surface, conveyor or platen applications 
   Specialty / Other       Abrasive products designed or suitable for other specialty, proprietary or patented applications. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Products / Materials Abraded:       
   Your choices are...         
   Automotive / Paint       Abrasive products designed or suitable for automotive applications such as part or weld grinding and paint sanding. 
   Ceramics / Glass       Abrasive products designed or suitable for ceramics and glass grinding or finishing. 
   MRO / Construction       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing in maintenance & repair operations (MRO) or building materials such as the grinding of repair welds or cutting, grinding or finishing concrete or other construction materials. 
   Metalworking       Abrasive products designed for metal grinding or finishing applications. 
   Ophthalmic / Optical       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing applications in optical lens or component fabrication as well as for eyeglass or ophthalmic production. 
   Plastics / Composites       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing plastics or composite materials. 
   Semiconductors / Electronics       Abrasives wheels, saw blades or other abrasive products designed for semiconductors or electronics applications such as back grinding, finishing, CMP pad dressing, IC die cutting, planarization (CMP), wafer slicing or other electronics manufacturing operations. 
   Woodworking       Abrasive products designed or suitable for woodworking applications. 
   Specialty / Other       Abrasive products designed or suitable for cutting, grinding or finishing other unlisted specialty or proprietary materials. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Rotary Speed:       The maximum rotary speed or speed range recommended by the supplier. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Surface Speed:       The maximum surface speed or speed range recommended by the supplier. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Backing Type
   Backing Type:      Backings are the flexible material to which abrasive grain is adhered to make coated abrasives and similar products. Typical backing materials are cloth, polyester film, fibre, paper, sponges, rubber, and foam.
   Your choices are...         
   Cloth       Cloth consists of a woven fabric made from cotton, polyester, nylon or other fibers and blends. Cloth backings are available in several different weights (grams / meter or pounds / ream), which are usually designated by a letter weight specific to each manufacturer (e.g., X weight, Y weight). Very heavy weight stitch bonded cloth is available from some manufacturers for aggressive material removal applications such as abrasive planing. 
   Fibre       Fibre consists of cotton or cellulose fibers vulcanized or chemically bonded into a dense, strong backing.  While a strong and durable backing for heavy disc grinding applications, fibre main drawback is the materials sensitivity to humidity change, which can result in curling of the product. 
   Film       Abrasive grains are bonded onto a plastic film backing such as polyester.  Plastic film backing provide very uniform backing, which is useful polishing, lapping or precision surface finishing applications. 
   Foam / Sponge       Abrasive grains are bonded onto a foam layer, sponge, felt or other soft, resilient materials. The soft materials can provide a cushioning action and allow the abrasive product to conform to contours and/or improve surface finish quality. 
   Paper       Paper backings are available in several different weights (grams / meter or pounds / ream), which are usually designated by a letter weight designation such A, B, C, E, F with A the lightest weight and F the heaviest weight. 
   Metal       Abrasive grains are bonded onto a metal backing or substrate. 
   Screen       Screen consists of an open mesh woven fabric. The openings allow abraded material to pass through the opening, which prevents loading of the abrasive surface. 
   Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented backing type. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Combination Backing?       Backing consisting of a combination of backing materials such as paper laminated to cloth. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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Features
   Features:       
   Your choices are...         
   Closed Coat      
  1. Bonded Abrasives - Dense Structure
  2. Coated Abrasives - Closed Coat
  3. Superabrasives - High Concentration
  
   Open Coat      
  1. Bonded Abrasives - Open Structure
  2. Coated Abrasives - Open Coat
  3. Superabrasives - Low Concentration
 
   Anti-loading / Lubricated       Lubricated or stearated coated abrasive products provide improved life and resistance to loading on paint, wood plastic or composite sanding applications. 
   Anti-static       Coated abrasive product with a conductive or others additive to reduce or eliminate static charge generation.  This is an important feature for certain wood sanding applications. 
   Engineered / Structured       Abrasive products with a patterned coating of pyramidal or other shapes consisting of abrasive grain and bond.  Aggregate products are similar and consist of agglomerates of grain and bond that have been coated onto an abrasive backing, but the distribution of aggregates is not as uniform compare to structured products. 
   Supersize / Grinding Aid       Abrasive product incorporating a grinding aid or solid lubricant, which enhances cutting performance on stainless steel, nickel alloys and titanium.  In coated abrasives belts or discs, the grinding aid is often in the form of a supersize top layer.  Organic grinding wheels may incorporate a grinding aid within the wheel. 
   See Through (e.g., AVOS®)       The wheel or disc product allows viewing of the surface being ground such as Norton AVOS®. 
   Specialty / Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented features. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Mounting
   Mounting:       
   Your choices are...         
   None / Handheld       Abrasive product designed or suited for handheld use.  Also, an abrasive product not specifically designed for mounting in a holder or on a pad, or on a contact wheel. 
   Bore / Center Mount       Central hole or bore for mandrel, arbor, spindle or shaft mounting. 
   Hook & Loop       Abrasive is attached to a back-up pad or holder using a hook & loop fabric. Velcro® is a well known example of hook & loop fabric. The hooks catch onto the loops to hold the product. The fabric with loops is usually attached to the abrasive component and fabric with loops is attached to the back-up pad.  
   Integral Mandrel (Mounted)       Abrasive tool is supplied as mounted onto an integral mandrel, pin, arbor or shaft. 
   PSA  / Adhesive       Abrasive product designed for mounting using an adhesive or pressure sensitive adhesive. 
   Quick Change       Abrasive product or disc designed for mounting using a quick change mechanism such as Norton's SpeedLocTM
   Quill Mount       Grinding wheel designed for mounting using a quill. 
   Specialty / Other       Other specialty, proprietary or patented mounting method. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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R. S. Hughes Company, Inc.
R. S. Hughes Company, Inc.