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Product Type / Form:

Setting / Cure Technology:

Bond / Processing Features:

Polymer Modified?

Polymer Bond?

Set / Cure Time:

Set / Cure Temperature:

Shrinkage:

%

Max Use Temperature:

MOR / Flexural Strength:

Compressive / Crushing Strength:

Applications:

Features:

Help with Polymer Concrete and Mortar specifications:

Product Type / Form
           
   Your choices are...         
   Grout / Filler       Grout and caulk are types of sealants used to fill in gaps between tiles, bricks, or other components. 
   Cement / Binder       Cement refers to a mixture of binder and aggregate to form concretes or mortars such as Portland cement (calcium silicate), potassium silicate, or polymer cement. Sometimes, the term "cement" is used to describe mortars and other cement products. 
   Coating / Thinset       Cement-based coating products are thin-set materials applied in thinner layers than liner products, mortar or concretes. The terms thinset cement, thinset mortar, dryset mortar ,and drybond mortar are synonymous. 
   Concrete       Concrete consists of specialty cement or Portland cement and water mixed with coarse aggregate (e.g., gravel or crushed stone), fine aggregate or sand. 
   Fabricated / Custom Shape       Materials are fabricated in the form of a custom or application-specific shape such as a crucible, valve seat, blade, fired custom shaped brick or block, custom contoured tile, diffuser, furnace lining, degasser, and precast cement or concrete structural shape. The custom shape could be fabricated using pressing, slip casting, firing or sintering, melting, casting, cement form casting, and/or other processing methods. 
   Liner / Lining System       Cement-based liners or lining systems are much heavier, or are applied in thicker layers than cement coatings or thinsets. Liners can be prefabricated or applied on site by pouring or pumping into forms or through gunning techniques. 
   Mortar       Mortars consist of a mixture of a binder or clinker and a fine aggregate. They are used to bond together brick or other components in structural applications.  
   Plate / Board (e.g., Cement board)       Stock products are available in the form of a solid plate, slab, board, or substrate. The board or plate may consist of a ceramic fiberboard product, a dense sintered ceramic plate, or a precast cement bonded slab. 
   Precast / Molded Shape       Prefabricated and precast shapes are cast, formed, preformed or machined cement-based products formed prior to installation, construction, or industrial plant applications. Materials include precast, preformed, molded, pressed stock, machined, die cut, stamped, and fabricated shapes. Precast concrete products are concrete structures manufactured in a plant and ready for installation on-site. Precast refractory shapes are formed prior to installation in a furnace, boiler, or other high-temperature equipment. Applications for precast refractory shapes include pouring tubes, ladle impact pads, dams and weirs, impact runners, troughs, covers, furnace roofs, and skimmer paddles. 
   Tile       Tile consists of a flat, thin ceramic shape usually with beveled edges for lining or covering a surface. Tile may have square, rectangular, hexagonal, triangular, round or custom shapes.  Tiles often have a protective glaze to create a waterproof or water resistance surface.  Tile can be smooth and glossy for wall applications, or anti-slip textured with a matt finish for floor applications. 
   Other       Other specialized, proprietary or unlisted concrete, mortar or cement-based product types. 
   Block       Blocks are building materials or masonry units consisting of fired ceramic or cement materials with a regular shape. Blocks usually have a rectangular shape, although specialized shapes are used for paving, refractory, decorative and other specialized applications. Refractory or fireclay blocks are manufactured from temperature resistant materials.  Refractory blocks are stacked to form an insulating furnace, boiler, or other thermal process vessel wall.  The refractory blocks are usually cemented together with a refractory mortar. Blocks are similar to bricks but typically smaller in overall dimensions. 
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Setting / Cure Technology
   Setting / Cure Technology:       
   Your choices are...         
   Hydraulic Setting       Hydraulically-set bonds use the hydration reaction of a salt to form a bond. Portland cement and plaster of Paris are hydraulically-setting materials. 
   Air Setting       Air setting or film drying materials form a bond or "harden" through evaporation of water or an organic solvent.  Inorganic binders or cements are sometimes air setting. Refractory or high-temperature air set types may develop strong bonds after firing.  
   Chemical Setting       Binders or adhesives are set through a chemical reaction process. Silicates (sodium, potassium, ethyl, etc.) are commonly used as binders in foundry, refractory, and grinding wheel applications.  
   Heat Setting / Thermoset       Heat setting or thermoset bond use an elevated temperature and/or pressures to set the binder. Thermoset resin binders are cross-linked polymeric resins that are cured using heat or heat and pressure. Cured thermoset resins do not melt and flow when heated, but they may soften. Phenolic, melamine and urea formaldehyde resins are thermosetting adhesives that offer strong bonds and good resistance to high temperatures.  
   Hot Melt       Hot melt bonds can be repeatedly softened by heat and hardened or set by cooling, which allows parts to be removed or repositioned during assembly. Sulfur bond is an example of hot melt cement. 
   Two / Multiple Component       Two or multi-component bond or binder systems consist of two or more resins or a resin and a hardener or catalyst, that when combined, react and cure into a polymerized compound or bond. 
   Other       Other specialized, proprietary or unlisted technology types. 
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Bond Type & Processing
   Bond / Processing Features:       
   Your choices are...         
   Acrylate       Acrylic binders are known for excellent environmental resistance and fast-setting time compared to other resin systems.  Polymerizing acrylic or methylacrylic acids through a reaction with a suitable catalyst makes acrylic binders. They cure through a free radical mechanism. While they are usually supplied in two-component form, they do not typically require mixing. The catalyst, accelerator, or hardener can be applied to one surface and the acrylic resin to the other surface.  These adhesives or sealants are called two-step systems. Sufficient diffusion will occur when the surfaces are adjoined to complete curing of the adhesive.  Acrylic binders are available in both of emulsion and solvent based versions. 
   Epoxy       Epoxy resins or binders exhibit high strength and low shrinkage during curing. Epoxies are known for their toughness and resistance to chemical and environmental damage. Most epoxies are two-part systems cured at room temperature. Some thermally cured or thermoset one-part epoxies are also available. Depending on the formulation, epoxy resins are used as potting agents, resin binders or laminating resins in fiberglass or composite construction, electrical conductors in microelectronic packaging, and various structural bonding applications. 
   Polyurethane       Polyurethane resins or binders provide excellent flexibility, impact resistance and durability. They are available in one or two-part adhesive systems. Polyurethanes are formed through the reaction of an isocyanate component with polyols or other active hydroxyl group compounds. Polyurethanes bond well to plastic surfaces and make an excellent flexible potting compound. Polyurethanes require a catalyst, heat, or air evaporation to initiate and complete curing.  Some disadvantages of polyurethanes are their short shelf life due to hydroscopic (water absorption) tendencies, and their generally slower cure combined with more complicated handling and curing procedures. 
   Vinyl Ester / Polyester       Resin binders are based on the vinyl ester or polyester system. 
   Other       Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary bond types. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Polymer Modified?       Portland cement is modified with polymer additions to improve plasticity, water resistance, or allow use during cold or freezing weather conditions. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
   Polymer Bond?       Organic or polymer resin binders hold refractories together until firing. Some resins are designed to burn out while other will convert to carbon. Polymer cements, mortars, or concretes are used in corrosion protection applications such as linings or walls in chemical process plants. Polymer cements and mortars are used to bond corrosion resistant tile, brick, or other masonry components. Carbon bonds are used in high temperature carbon-carbon composites. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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Processing Specifications
   Set / Cure Time       The time required for fully curing or setting a bond system. In thermosetting, hydraulic, or other chemically setting system, the time will vary depending on the actual curing temperature.  Longer cure times will be required for lower curing temperatures.  In addition, the time required for fully drying an air setting product. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Set / Cure Temperature       The time required for curing a thermosetting system.  The temperature will vary depending on the actual curing time allowable. Higher curing temperatures will be required for lower cure times. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Shrinkage       The maximum percent of linear shrinkage occurring after drying, setting and/or curing. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Thermal & Mechanical
   Max Use Temperature       This is the maximum temperature that the refractory or ceramic material can be exposed to momentarily, without the degradation of structural or other required end-use properties. The maximum use temperature is usually equal to the melt temperature of the metal, glass, or other material contained by the refractory body in the furnace, boiler or process unit. The Curie point is the temperature above which a material loses its unique magnetic, dielectric or piezoelectric property. Ferrites or other magnetic materials lose their unique magnetic properties above the Curie temperature. The relative permeability drops to a value below 0.1 above the Curie temperature. Magnetic susceptibility is inversely proportional to temperature. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   MOR / Flexural Strength       Modulus of rupture (MOR), cross-break strength or flexural strength (3-point or 4-point) is the maximum flexural stress a bar can withstand before failure or fracture occurs. The bar is supported by two points beneath the bar and the load is applied by one or two points above the bar. Cross break strength is used to evaluate the strength of ceramics or other materials that do not provide sufficient plastic deformation to test tensile strength reliably.  
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Compressive / Crushing Strength       The crushing or compressive strength is the maximum compressive load per unit cross section that a ceramic body can withstand before mechanical failure or breakage occurs.   
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Applications
   Applications:       
   Your choices are...         
   Ceramics / Glass Manufacturing       Materials provide resistance to molten glass, or are compatible with ceramics and glasses during firing, calcining or fusing in a kiln or furnace. 
   Chemical / Materials Processing       Materials provide high temperature and/or corrosion resistance, making them suitable for chemical-processing applications.  Examples include ceramics or refractories with resistance to molten glass, ceramics, metals, plastics or other materials during milling, firing, calcination, fusion or other processes. 
   Construction & Building / Architectural       Materials are designed or suitable for use in architectural, building, and construction applications. Examples include bricks, fire bricks, or tiles.  
   Flooring       Materials are suitable for flooring or floor-tiling applications. 
   Foundry / Metal Processing       Materials are designed for foundry and metal-processing applications. Examples include ceramic and refractory crucibles, tubes, stoppers, liners, spouts, permanent molds, thermocouple protection tubes, combustion gas heater tubes, submersible heater tubes, die casting stalks/sleeves, and other furnace components are used in foundries for melting and casting aluminum, steel, copper alloys or other metals. 
   Structural       Structural applications require ceramic components with a suitable strength, elastic modulus, toughness, and other mechanical properties. Ceramics can have much higher compressive strengths and elastic moduli compared to metals. 
   Walls       Materials are suitable for use on walls. 
   Other       Other unlisted, specialized or proprietary applications. 
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Features
   Features:       
   Your choices are...         
   Fiber Reinforced       Fiberboards, fiber-based, or fiber-reinforced products include ceramic boards, cylinders or shapes that contain ceramic or mineral wool fibers to improve structural integrity or insulating characteristics. 
   Gunning / Shotcrete (e.g., Gunnite)       Gunning mixes are cements or powdered products that are loaded with a gun into a form or onto a wall to fashion a cement wall or layer. Dry or wet gunning mixes are available. 
   Porous / Foam       Porous ceramics have a large degree of open or closed internal pores that provide a thermal barrier. Certain ceramics have intrinsically low thermal conductivity, even in dense forms.  Reticulated foam refractories are useful in filtering molten metals and providing an extremely low density structure for insulation or other applications. 
   Ramming       Both dry rams (vibratables) and wet mix rams are available. Wet rams are cement based products with enough plasticity to allow the wet mix to be rammed or formed into place in a furnace or in a form. Ramming material has a clay-to-putty like consistency.  Rams generally have lower water content and less plasticity than moldables.  Dry rams are supplied as a dry powder that is applied and fired in place. Silicate, phosphate or other binders are activated upon firing. The dry refractory powders or aggregates are tamped or rammed into the floor or vibrated into place between the furnace wall and a removable furnace "former." On smaller furnaces, a former less method is used where a unit is filled with dry refractory powder, fired and then the excess unfired refractory is removed for reuse. Some dry refractories are also called dry rams or dry ramming cements. 
   Castable        Products can be poured into a form or cavity to fabricate a refractory liner or component. Some castables may not be pumpable. 
   Troweling / Patching        Troweling cements have good plastering or palming characteristics to allow the refractory to be applied by hand or rammed into place. Moldable cements usually have more water and a higher degree of plasticity than rams. Moldables or plastic cements are used to patch or form precast shapes. Patching, repair or finishing cements consist of mixtures designed for repairing crack or filling holes in refractory linings.  Some patching or repair cements may be pumpable for caulking of cracks. Other patching cements have good troweling, plastering or palming characteristics to allow cracks to be applied by hand. Finishing cements are used to make a harder finishing refractory layer on the surface of an existing refractory. 
   Waterproof / Underwater Setting       Waterproof mortars, concretes or cements are not affected by exposure to water or submersion under water. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary material features. 
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