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Help with Metalworking Lubricants, Coolants and Fluids specifications:

Types
   Function / Application       
   Your choices are...         
   Coolant (Flood / Mist)       Flood or mist coolants include cooling liquids or fluids for metal cutting, grinding, lapping, polishing, or quenching applications. 
   Dielectric / EDM       Electrically insulating oils, greases, or fluids have high electrical resistivity and dielectric strength for use in transformers, capacitors, and electrical discharge machining (EDM), or other electrical device applications. 
   Grinding Fluid       Grinding fluids are typically considered to be for workpiece cooling; however, the effectiveness of extreme pressure or chemically active additives indicates that lubrication is also an important aspect of grinding coolants.  
   Grease       Greases, gels and lubricating pastes are thick, high-viscosity products that do not run or flow off surfaces. Greases often consist of oil thickened with a sodium or calcium soap complex, or non-soap thickener. Greases contain extremely small, uniformly-dispersed particles of soap and/or non-soap thickeners in which surface tension and/or other internal forces hold the liquid. Non-soap thickeners are particles of synthetic, inorganic, or organic polymer materials dispersed in liquid lubricants to form greases. "White" or Lithium greases use a lithium soap complex thickener. 
   Lubricant       Industrial lubricants are fluids, oils, greases, waxes, and other compounds designed to reduce friction, binding, or wear, exclude water, or provide other specialized characteristics. 
   Metal Cutting       Metal cutting fluids are used in metal machining for a variety of purposes, such as improving tool life (reducing wear), increasing lubrication, reducing workpiece thermal deformation, improving surface finish, and flushing away chips from the cutting zone. Most cutting fluids presently in use fall into one of four categories:
  • Straight oils
  • Soluble oils
  • Synthetic fluids
  • Semisynthetic fluids
 
   Metal Forming       Metal forming oils, greases, or fluids are designed to enhance lubrication during extrusion, wire drawing, stamping, bending, swaging, rolling, embossing, or other deformation processes. 
   Quenchant / Heat Treat       Oils, coolants, or fluids are designed for quenching or heat-treating applications. 
   Release Agent / Coating       Films form lubricating oils, solid lubricants, waxes, or fluids that prevent other materials from sticking or adhering to an underlying surface. Unlike permanent non-stick coatings, release agents typically require replenishment. Some mold releases fall into this category. 
   Rust / Corrosion Preventative       Corrosion inhibitors in a coolant or heat transfer fluid prevent internal surfaces from corroding by inhibiting corrosive compounds in the water used to dilute the fluid. Rust preventative oils, greases or fluid products leave a film that physically prevents water or corrosive chemicals from reaching a metal surface. 
   Solid Lubricant / Dry Film       Solid lubricants or dry film lubricants are compounds such as hexagonal flake graphite, boron nitride (BN), molybdenum disulfide, or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) powders, which are designed to reduce friction, binding, or wear, exclude water, or provide other specialized characteristics. Dry film lubricants are low, shear-strength lubricants that shear in one particular plane within a crystal structure such as graphite, molybdenum disulfide, and certain soaps.   
   Specialty / Other       Other specialty, proprietary or unlisted types or functions. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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Composition / Chemistry
   Chemistry / Constituents:       
   Your choices are...         
   Aluminum Complex       Products contain an aluminum soap complex thickener. Soap thickeners are mixed with oils to produce greases or high viscosity lubricants. 
   CFC / Chlorofluorocarbon       Fluids are based on halogenated (fluorinated and/or chlorinated) hydrocarbons. Chlorofluorcarbon (CFC), halogenated fluorocarbon (HFC), halogenated chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC), and perfluorocarbon (PFC) fluids are included in this group. 
   Ester / Diester       Fluids are based upon phosphate ester, dibasic ester, polyol ester, and silicate ester or diester compounds. Phosphate esters and other synthetic fluids tend to have the highest fire resistance and cost. They are generally used in a diluted form with concentrations from 3% to 10%. Synthetic fluids often provide the best cooling performance among all cutting fluids. Semi-synthetic fluids are combinations of synthetic and soluble petroleum or mineral oil fluids. The characteristics, cost, and heat transfer performance of semi-synthetic fluids falls between those of synthetic and soluble oil fluids. Some synthetics, such as phosphate esters react, or dissolve paint, pipe thread compounds, and electrical insulation. 
   Fluoropolymer / PTFE (e.g., Teflon®)       Fluoropolymer solid lubricants include polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and are available in various forms, such as powder for dispersion into other fluids or liquid lubricants, sprayable coatings, or solid machinable shapes (e.g., sheets, films, tubes). Teflon®, a registered trademark of DuPont, consists of PTFE. 
   Graphite       Hexagonal or flake graphite is a solid lubricant material that maintains a low coefficient of friction up to 400° C (752° F).    Graphite has a weak, platelet structure that flakes, shears, or wears away quickly, providing a lubricating action. Hexagonal graphite lubricants are available in various forms, such as powder for dispersion into other fluids or liquid lubricants; sprayable coatings, or solid machinable shapes. 
   Lithium Complex       Products contain a lithium soap complex thickener. Soap thickeners are mixed with oils to produce greases or high viscosity lubricants. 
   Molybdenum / Metal Sulphide       Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is a solid lubricant that maintains a low coefficient of friction up to 400° C (752° F). MoS2 solid lubricants are available in various forms, such as powder for dispersion into other fluids or liquid lubricants, sprayable coatings, or solid machinable shapes (e.g., sheets, films, tubes). 
   Natural (Vegetable Oil / Animal Fat)       Natural vegetable and plant-based products, such as soybean oils, are a renewable resource and an attractive alternative to mineral oils and synthetic fluids. Some natural oils pose fewer risks to workers and have a reduced environmental impact. 
   PAO / Polyalphaolefin       Polyalphaolefins are synthetic fluids made from olefin or alkene polymer base stocks. Ethylene is an olefin, which is polymerized to make polyethylene polymers. Polyalphaolefin is made by polymerizing an alpha-olefin, an alkene with double carbon bonds. Examples of alpha-olefin are 1-hexane and 1-octene.  Polyalphaolefin fluids are used as lubricants, motor oils, heat transfer fluids, and hydraulic oils, which make use of their very good thermal stability properties. 
   Petroleum / Mineral Oil       Products contain petroleum or mineral oil constituents, such as fluids and greases. 
   Polyglycol / Water-Glycol       Polyglycol, glycol, polyalkyene glycol (PAG) and water-glycol fluids are synthetics often used for anti-freeze, circulating coolant, and high water content fluid (HWCF) hydraulic applications. Water-glycol solutions tend to have higher viscosity index values than other compositions.  Zinc, cadmium, and magnesium react with water-glycol solutions and should not be used in fluid or coolant systems that contain water-glycol fluids. 
   Polyphenyl ether (PPE) / Ether       Polyether or ether-based fluids, such as phenyl ether polymer or polyphenyl ethers (PPEs), are used in applications requiring very high temperatures, high vacuum, and/or radiation resistant lubricant or fluid. PPEs consist of compounds with two-to-ten benzene rings, which are linked together with ether units. PPEs are used in many aerospace, military, and mission critical applications with demanding performance requirements. Polyvinyl ether (PVE) is a hydrofluorocarbon ether lubricant with excellent performance characteristics. PVE is useful in refrigerant system because PVE is miscible in HFC refrigerants. 
   Silicone       Products contain silicone-based greases, oils, or fluids. Silicone fluids are synthetic and provide outstanding thermal and dielectric properties.   
   Synthetic / Semi-synthetic       Synthetic fluids, semi-synthetic fluids or greases are based on synthetic compounds like silicone, polyglycol, esters, diesters, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and mixtures of synthetic fluids and water. Synthetic fluids tend to have the highest fire resistance and cost. They contain no petroleum or mineral oil base, but are instead formulated from organic and inorganic alkaline compounds with additives for corrosion inhibition. Synthetic fluids are generally used in a diluted form with concentrations ranging from 3% to 10%. They often provide the best cooling performance among all cutting fluids. Some synthetics, such as phosphate esters, react or dissolve paint, pipe thread compounds, and electrical insulation. Semi-synthetic fluids are essentially a combination of synthetic and soluble petroleum or mineral oil fluids. The characteristics, cost, and heat transfer performance of semi-synthetic fluids fall between those of synthetic and soluble oil fluids.  
   Water Soluble / Emulsion       Water-soluble and emulsion fluids have high dilution or very low concentration. They include high-water content fluids (HWCF). Soluble oil fluids form an emulsion when mixed with water. The concentrate consists of a base mineral oil and emulsifiers to help produce a stable emulsion. These fluids are used in a diluted form with concentrations ranging from 3% to 10%, and provide good lubrication and heat transfer performance. They are used widely in industry and are the least expensive among all cutting fluids.  Water-soluble fluids are used as water-in-oil emulsions or oil-water-emulsions. Water-in-oil emulsions have a continuous phase of oil, and superior lubricating and friction reduction qualities (i.e., metal forming and drawing). Oil-in-water emulsions consist of droplets of oil in a continuous water phase and have better cooling characteristics (i.e., metal cutting fluids and grinding coolants). 
   Wax / Stearate       Wax, paraffin, or stearate compounds are useful in lubrication, anti-corrosive, and anti-static applications. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted or specialized chemistries. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Micro-dispersion?       Oil or lubricating fluids contain a dispersion of solid lubricant particles such as PTFE (Teflon®), graphite, and molybdenum disulfide or boron nitride in a mineral, petroleum, or synthetic oil base. Teflon is a registered trademark of DuPont. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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Properties
   Operating / Use Temperature       The operating temperature range for the fluid, oil, grease, or lubricant. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Flash Point       Flash point is the lowest temperature that a liquid can give off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid. The lower the flash point, the easier it is to ignite the material. The U.S. Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) defines a flammable liquid as "any liquid having a flash point below 100° F (37.8° C), except any mixture having components with flash points of 100° F (37.8° C) or higher, the total of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture. Flammable liquids shall be known as Class I liquids." Fire point and autogenous ignition (AIT) are additional properties to consider in applications requiring fire resistant fluids. Fire point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid can give off sufficient vapors to form a mixture in air that continuously supports combustion after ignition near the surface of the liquid.  Autogenous ignition (AIT) is the temperature at which ignition occurs spontaneously.  
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Industry & Features
           
   Your choices are...         
   Aerospace       Products are designed or suitable for aerospace or aircraft applications. 
   Biodegradable       Products are designed or suitable to decompose or break down into harmless chemicals when released into the environment. 
   Aerosol / Spray       Lubricants, coolants, or fluid products are designed or suitable for forming aerosols for spraying or misting applications. Flammable oils or lubricant should not be aerosolized in order to avoid producing an explosion hazard. 
   Automotive / Transportation       Products are designed or suitable for automotive or transportation applications. 
   EP (Extreme Pressure / Active)       Extra pressure (EP) additives include chemically active agents such as sulfur, phosphorous, or chlorinated compounds that are reactive and form a film to prevent seizure, sticking or surface adhesion under loads causing high pressure conditions. 
   Low / Non-foaming       Fluids do not produce foam or produce only small amounts of foam. Non-foaming characteristics are achieved through the use of additives that break out entrained air. Leaks can introduce air into systems for circulating hydraulic fluid, thermal oil, or grinding coolant. Entrained air can cause pump damage due to cavitation. Foaming can also reduce the cooling ability and the bulk modulus (or stiffness) of the fluid. 
   MIL-SPEC / Military       Products are designed or suitable for MIL-SPEC or military applications. 
   Specialty       Other unlisted, proprietary or specialty features, applications or functions. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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