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Composition / Chemistry:

Chemistry / Constituents:

Density / Specific Gravity (@15.6°C, 60°F):

Kinematic Viscosity (@ 40°C):

Viscosity Index:

Pour Point:

Flash Point:

Operating / Use Temperature:

Thermal Conductivity:

Dielectric Strength:

Applications:

Features:

Help with Refrigerants, Antifreezes, and Cooling Liquids specifications:

Composition / Chemistry
           
   Your choices are...         
   Straight Oil (Non-soluble)       Straight oils are non-emulsifiable products used in machining operations in an undiluted form. They are composed of base mineral, synthetic or petroleum oils, and often contain polar lubricants like fats, vegetable oils, and esters, as well as extreme pressure additives such as chlorine, sulfur, and phosphorus. Straight oils provide the best lubrication and the poorest cooling characteristics among cutting fluids. 
   Water Soluble / Emulsion       Water-soluble and emulsion fluids have high dilution or very low concentration. They include high-water content fluids (HWCF). Soluble oil fluids form an emulsion when mixed with water. The concentrate consists of a base mineral oil and emulsifiers to help produce a stable emulsion. These fluids are used in a diluted form with concentrations ranging from 3% to 10%, and provide good lubrication and heat transfer performance. They are used widely in industry and are the least expensive among all cutting fluids.  Water-soluble fluids are used as water-in-oil emulsions or oil-water-emulsions. Water-in-oil emulsions have a continuous phase of oil, and superior lubricating and friction reduction qualities (i.e., metal forming and drawing). Oil-in-water emulsions consist of droplets of oil in a continuous water phase and have better cooling characteristics (i.e., metal cutting fluids and grinding coolants). 
   Synthetic / Semi-synthetic       Synthetic fluids, semi-synthetic fluids or greases are based on synthetic compounds like silicone, polyglycol, esters, diesters, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and mixtures of synthetic fluids and water. Synthetic fluids tend to have the highest fire resistance and cost. They contain no petroleum or mineral oil base, but are instead formulated from organic and inorganic alkaline compounds with additives for corrosion inhibition. Synthetic fluids are generally used in a diluted form with concentrations ranging from 3% to 10%. They often provide the best cooling performance among all cutting fluids. Some synthetics, such as phosphate esters, react or dissolve paint, pipe thread compounds, and electrical insulation. Semi-synthetic fluids are essentially a combination of synthetic and soluble petroleum or mineral oil fluids. The characteristics, cost, and heat transfer performance of semi-synthetic fluids fall between those of synthetic and soluble oil fluids.  
   Micro-dispersion       Oil or lubricating fluids contain a dispersion of solid lubricant particles such as PTFE (Teflon®), graphite, and molybdenum disulfide or boron nitride in a mineral, petroleum, or synthetic oil base. Teflon is a registered trademark of DuPont. 
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   Chemistry / Constituents:       
   Your choices are...         
   Petroleum / Mineral Oil       Products contain petroleum or mineral oil constituents, such as fluids and greases. 
   Silicone       Products contain silicone-based greases, oils, or fluids. Silicone fluids are synthetic and provide outstanding thermal and dielectric properties.   
   PAO / Polyalphaolefin       Polyalphaolefins are synthetic fluids made from olefin or alkene polymer base stocks. Ethylene is an olefin, which is polymerized to make polyethylene polymers. Polyalphaolefin is made by polymerizing an alpha-olefin, an alkene with double carbon bonds. Examples of alpha-olefin are 1-hexane and 1-octene.  Polyalphaolefin fluids are used as lubricants, motor oils, heat transfer fluids, and hydraulic oils, which make use of their very good thermal stability properties. 
   Polyglycol / Water-Glycol       Polyglycol, glycol, polyalkyene glycol (PAG) and water-glycol fluids are synthetics often used for anti-freeze, circulating coolant, and high water content fluid (HWCF) hydraulic applications. Water-glycol solutions tend to have higher viscosity index values than other compositions.  Zinc, cadmium, and magnesium react with water-glycol solutions and should not be used in fluid or coolant systems that contain water-glycol fluids. 
   Polyphenyl ether (PPE) / Ether       Polyether or ether-based fluids, such as phenyl ether polymer or polyphenyl ethers (PPEs), are used in applications requiring very high temperatures, high vacuum, and/or radiation resistant lubricant or fluid. PPEs consist of compounds with two-to-ten benzene rings, which are linked together with ether units. PPEs are used in many aerospace, military, and mission critical applications with demanding performance requirements. Polyvinyl ether (PVE) is a hydrofluorocarbon ether lubricant with excellent performance characteristics. PVE is useful in refrigerant system because PVE is miscible in HFC refrigerants. 
   Ester / Diester       Fluids are based upon phosphate ester, dibasic ester, polyol ester, and silicate ester or diester compounds. Phosphate esters and other synthetic fluids tend to have the highest fire resistance and cost. They are generally used in a diluted form with concentrations from 3% to 10%. Synthetic fluids often provide the best cooling performance among all cutting fluids. Semi-synthetic fluids are combinations of synthetic and soluble petroleum or mineral oil fluids. The characteristics, cost, and heat transfer performance of semi-synthetic fluids falls between those of synthetic and soluble oil fluids. Some synthetics, such as phosphate esters react, or dissolve paint, pipe thread compounds, and electrical insulation. 
   CFC / Chlorofluorocarbon       Fluids are based on halogenated (fluorinated and/or chlorinated) hydrocarbons. Chlorofluorcarbon (CFC), halogenated fluorocarbon (HFC), halogenated chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC), and perfluorocarbon (PFC) fluids are included in this group. 
   Fluoropolymer / PTFE (e.g., Teflon®)       Fluoropolymer solid lubricants include polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and are available in various forms, such as powder for dispersion into other fluids or liquid lubricants, sprayable coatings, or solid machinable shapes (e.g., sheets, films, tubes). Teflon®, a registered trademark of DuPont, consists of PTFE. 
   Graphite       Hexagonal or flake graphite is a solid lubricant material that maintains a low coefficient of friction up to 400° C (752° F).    Graphite has a weak, platelet structure that flakes, shears, or wears away quickly, providing a lubricating action. Hexagonal graphite lubricants are available in various forms, such as powder for dispersion into other fluids or liquid lubricants; sprayable coatings, or solid machinable shapes. 
   Molybdenum / Metal Sulphide       Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is a solid lubricant that maintains a low coefficient of friction up to 400° C (752° F). MoS2 solid lubricants are available in various forms, such as powder for dispersion into other fluids or liquid lubricants, sprayable coatings, or solid machinable shapes (e.g., sheets, films, tubes). 
   Natural (Vegetable Oil / Animal Fat)       Natural vegetable and plant-based products, such as soybean oils, are a renewable resource and an attractive alternative to mineral oils and synthetic fluids. Some natural oils pose fewer risks to workers and have a reduced environmental impact. 
   Lithium Complex       Products contain a lithium soap complex thickener. Soap thickeners are mixed with oils to produce greases or high viscosity lubricants. 
   Aluminum Complex       Products contain an aluminum soap complex thickener. Soap thickeners are mixed with oils to produce greases or high viscosity lubricants. 
   Wax / Stearate       Wax, paraffin, or stearate compounds are useful in lubrication, anti-corrosive, and anti-static applications. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted or specialized chemistries. 
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Properties
   Density / Specific Gravity (@15.6°C, 60°F):       Specific gravity is density normalized to water or another standard. Density is the mass per unit volume of a material. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Kinematic Viscosity (@ 40°C)       Kinematic viscosity is the time required for a fixed amount of fluid or oil to flow through a capillary tube under the force of gravity.  Units of kinematic viscosity are stoke, centistoke (1/100 of a stroke) and Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS). Saybolt Universal Seconds or Saybolt Universal Viscosity (SUV) is the time in seconds required for 60 cubic centimeters of a fluid to flow through the orifice of the standard Saybolt universal viscometer at a given temperature under specified conditions, usually per ASTM D 88.  Kinematic viscosity is also described as the quotient of the absolute viscosity in centipoises divided by the specific gravity of a fluid where both are measured at the same temperature. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Viscosity Index       The viscosity index scale describes the change in viscosity with temperature.  The scale measures the viscosity stability at two temperature extremes: 210° F (98.9° C) and 100° F (37.8° C).  When the scale was originally developed in 1929, Pennsylvania crude paraffin fraction had the highest value (VI = 100) and a coastal crude naphtha fraction had the lowest viscosity (V = 0). Modern oils and fluids have VI values that exceed 100. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Pour Point       Pour point is the lowest point that fluid or oil flows. Pour is typically determined using ASTM D 97. Generally, the pour point is 15° F to 20° F below the system's lowest end-use temperature to prevent pump damage through cavitation. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Flash Point       Flash point is the lowest temperature that a liquid can give off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid. The lower the flash point, the easier it is to ignite the material. The U.S. Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) defines a flammable liquid as "any liquid having a flash point below 100° F (37.8° C), except any mixture having components with flash points of 100° F (37.8° C) or higher, the total of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture. Flammable liquids shall be known as Class I liquids." Fire point and autogenous ignition (AIT) are additional properties to consider in applications requiring fire resistant fluids. Fire point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid can give off sufficient vapors to form a mixture in air that continuously supports combustion after ignition near the surface of the liquid.  Autogenous ignition (AIT) is the temperature at which ignition occurs spontaneously.  
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Operating / Use Temperature       The operating temperature range for the fluid, oil, grease, or lubricant. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Thermal Conductivity       Thermal conductivity is a measure of a fluid's ability to transfer heat. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Dielectric Strength       Dielectric strength is the maximum voltage field that a material can withstand before electrical breakdown occurs. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Applications & Features
   Applications       
   Your choices are...         
   Aerospace       Products are designed or suitable for aerospace or aircraft applications. 
   Automotive / Transportation       Products are designed or suitable for automotive or transportation applications. 
   Combustion Engines       Products are designed or suitable for combustion engine applications. 
   Compressors / Piston Pumps       Products are designed or suitable for compressor or piston pump applications. 
   Bearings       Products are designed or suitable for bearing lubrication applications. 
   Electrical / Electronic       Products are designed or suitable for electrical or electronic applications, such as lubricating contacts or releasing component from molds or dies. 
   Food Grade / Contact (FDA H1)       Products are food grade, FDA H1, or similar approved, for lubrication applications in processing equipment where contact with food, beverages, or pharmaceuticals may occur. 
   Machine / Gears       Products, such as gear lube or spindle oils, are designed or suitable for machinery, gears, gearing, ways, or final drives. 
   Marine       Products are designed or suitable for marine, ship, dockyard, or boat applications. 
   MIL-SPEC / Military       Products are designed or suitable for MIL-SPEC or military applications. 
   Process Equipment       Products are designed or suitable for process equipment applications. 
   Specialty       Other unlisted, proprietary or specialty features, applications or functions. 
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   Features       
   Your choices are...         
   Aerosol / Spray       Lubricants, coolants, or fluid products are designed or suitable for forming aerosols for spraying or misting applications. Flammable oils or lubricant should not be aerosolized in order to avoid producing an explosion hazard. 
   Biodegradable       Products are designed or suitable to decompose or break down into harmless chemicals when released into the environment. 
   EP (Extreme Pressure / Active)       Extra pressure (EP) additives include chemically active agents such as sulfur, phosphorous, or chlorinated compounds that are reactive and form a film to prevent seizure, sticking or surface adhesion under loads causing high pressure conditions. 
   Low / Non-foaming       Fluids do not produce foam or produce only small amounts of foam. Non-foaming characteristics are achieved through the use of additives that break out entrained air. Leaks can introduce air into systems for circulating hydraulic fluid, thermal oil, or grinding coolant. Entrained air can cause pump damage due to cavitation. Foaming can also reduce the cooling ability and the bulk modulus (or stiffness) of the fluid. 
   Sealing / Barrier       Products are designed for or providing sealing or barrier functions. 
   Water Displacement       Water displacement lubricants or fluids have the ability to displace water from a surface based on wetting or surface energy characteristics. Fluids with low surface energy or interfacial tension compared to water will flow under the water or moisture on a surface. 
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