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Novel DNA repair mechanism brings new horizons
EurekAlert, July 03, 2015
(Lomonosov Moscow State University) The DNA molecule is chemically unstable giving rise to DNA lesions of different nature. That is why DNA damage detection, signaling and repair, collectively known as the DNA damage response, are needed. A group of researchers, lead by Vasily M. Studitsky, professo...
''Invisible'' protein structure explains the power of enzymes
EurekAlert, July 03, 2015
(Umea University) A research group at Ume? University in Sweden has managed to capture and describe a protein structure that, until now, has been impossible to study. The discovery lays the base for developing designed enzymes as catalysts to new chemical reactions for instance in biotechnological a...
A ''movie'' of ultrafast rotating molecules at a hundred billion per second
EurekAlert, July 03, 2015
(National Institutes of Natural Sciences) Can you imagine how subnano-scale molecules make an ultrafast rotation at a hundred billion per second? Do the ultrafast rotating subnano-scale molecules show a wave-like nature rather than particle-like behavior? The Japanese research team led by Professor ...
CNIO researchers show that telomeres are linked to the origins of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)) A team of researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre have now discovered that telomeres, the structures that protect the chromosomes, are at the origin of pulmonary fibrosis. This is the first time that telomere damage has bee...
The bioprinted ''play dough'' capable of cell and protein transfer
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(Institute of Physics) Scientists have developed a new technique allowing the bioprinting at ambient temperatures of a strong paste similar to ''play dough'' capable of incorporating protein-releasing microspheres. The scientists demonstrated that the bioprinted material, in the form of a micro-part...
Viral protein in their sights
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(Harvard Medical School) A team from Harvard Medical School, using electron cryomicroscopy, has for the first time revealed at the atomic level the structure of a protein required for viral replication in vesicular stomatitis virus, a virus that is a model for a group of RNA viruses that includes Eb...
Mosquito-borne viruses subject of $4 million in federal grants to Pitt vaccine researchers
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research recently received nearly $4 million through five federal grants to study a group of related mosquito-borne viruses. The ultimate goal is to develop vaccines and therapies ...
Data exchange between vehicles and the road network increases traffic safety
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) The just-completed international Celtic Plus CoMoSeF project involved the development of data exchange between vehicles and infrastructure. The resulting communication system provides drivers with real time information on road weather, road conditions and i...
A learning method for energy optimization of the plug-in hybrid electric bus
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(Science China Press) The energy management for a plug-in hybrid electric bus (PHEB) is an important technique to improve the vehicles'' fuel economy. The Markov decision process is adopted to describe a cost function as fuel consumption fee. Then a learning algorithm is proposed to solve the cost f...
Multiplying emerald ash borer decoys made easier
EurekAlert, July 02, 2015
(Penn State) Emerald ash borers have no trouble reproducing themselves, as they have now spread through half the United States, but duplicating effective emerald ash borer decoys is not quite as easy. Now, engineers have devised an inexpensive method to produce hundreds of these fake bugs to aid in ...
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