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Supplier: Product Safety Consulting, Inc.
Description: We work with product developers from concept through design, prototyping, manufacturing, launch and post-launch redesign. Minimize time and expense related to bringing a product to market by having your product reviewed, analyzed and tested at PSC's lab before it's submitted to an agency
- Capabilities: Auditing / Assessment, Certification, Consulting / Training, Field Evaluation / On-site Inspection, Pre-assessment / Gap Analysis, Testing, Witness / Review, Specialty / Other
- Certification Level: Components / Parts, Facilities / Equipment, Products (Equipment / Devices), Samples / Materials
- Certify / Evaluate To: ASTM, CB Report, CCC (China), CE Mark (Europe), CSA Mark, C-TICK (Australia & New Zealand), Gost R (Russia), GS Mark, IEC, IEEE, IES, InMetro (Brazil), ISO, NOM (Mexico), UL / ETL / CSA, NSF Standard Mark, OEM Specific, PSE Mark (Japan), RoHS, S Mark, WEEE
- Industry Applications: Appliances, Aerospace / Avionics, Building Products, Battery / Energy Products, Electrical Distribution, Electronics, Hazardous Location Equipment, Health Care / Medical, HVAC, Hydraulics / Pneumatics, Industrial / Machinery, Instruments / Sensors, Marine, Materials, Motor Controllers /
Supplier: TÜV Rheinland
Description: The Pressure Equipment and Material Technology Division of TUV Rheinland of North America, Inc. is responsible for the review, approval and certification of pressure equipment and materials according to European Directives, as well as international codes and requirements. Our customers are steel
- Capabilities: Testing / Simulation, Certification / Qualification / Commissioning, Component / Product Comparison, In-process / In-line Testing, Engineering / Design Verification (DVT), Evaluation / Troubleshooting (FMEA), Research and Development, Test Development, Test Fixtures / Equipment, Test
- Forms / Items Tested: Components / Parts, Products, Facilities / Capital Equipment, Samples
- Services: Decompression / Vacuum, Fatigue / Endurance, Flow Testing, Fungus / Biofouling, Leak / Seal Testing, NDT / Inspection, Pressure / Hydrostatic Testing, Thermal Cycling / Shock, Specialty / Other
- Industry Applications: Appliances, Aerospace / Avionics, Automotive, Building Products, Coatings / Paint, Food / Pharmaceuticals, Combustion Equipment, Hazardous Location Equipment, Health Care / Medical, Industrial / Machinery, Marine, Nuclear / Utility, Valves / Pumps, Specialty / Other
Thin-film terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval -- IEC 61646:1996
Description: Lays down requirements for the design qualification and type approval of terrestrial thin-film photovoltaic modules suitable for long-term operation in moderate open-air climates.
THIN-FILM TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND TYPE APPROVAL -- CSA IEC 61646Supplier: CSA Group
Description: Scope and object This International Standard lays down requirements for the design qualification and type approval of terrestrial, thin-film photovoltaic modules suitable for long-term operation in general open-air climates as defined in IEC 60721-2-1. This standard is intended to apply to all
API RESEARCH REPORT - PROJECT #86-22 LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTOR DESIGN - RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR APPROVAL -- API REPORT 86-22Supplier: American Petroleum Institute (API)
Description: SUMMARY 1. An LRFD RP 2A fixed platform design document including a commentary has been assembled during a series of PRAC 22 projects. It was released in June 1986 for distribution to appropriate API committees for review. Comments from these groups will be used to prepare a final version ofthis
Industrial automation systems and integration -- Product data representation and exchange -- Part 218: Application protocol: Ship structures -- ISO 10303-218:2004
Description: specific to revision tracking and change history of selected ship structural entities within the product model. Approval pertains to the company internal approval and the classification society approval. ISO 10303-218:2004 supports the shipbuilding activities and applications associated with the design
Supplier: KROHNE, Inc.
Description: value acc. VDI/VDE 3513-2 (qG=50%) Many different process connections - Flanges as per EN (DN15-DN100), ASME and JIS - Screw and clamp connections Special design for the food and pharmaceutical industry with EHEDG approval
- Type: Variable Area
- Process Media Type: Gas, Liquid, Steam
- Aggressive / Corrosive Process Media: Yes
- Pipe Diameter: 0.5000 to 4 inch
Description: 1092-1 (DIN 2501), ANSI, AWWA, AS and JIS NBR Hard Rubber and Ebonite Hard Rubber liner for all water applications EPDM liner with drinking water approvals Hastelloy integrated grounding and measuring electrodes Increased low flow accuracy for water leak detection, due to coned liner design
- Type: Electromagnetic Meter
- Media Temperature Range: -40 to 158 F
- Operating Temperature: -40 to 158 F
- Operating Pressure: 0.1500 to 580 psi
Supplier: Grainger Industrial Supply
Description: Combination Cartridge, Cartridge Type GMA/P100, Color Coding Black/Magenta, Approved for Organic Vapor, Particulate Aerosols, Threaded Mounting Design, For Use With MSA Respirators, Meets/Exceeds NIOSH Approval, Package Quantity 6
Supplier: Mixer Direct
Description: modify a standard design and get you an approval drawing, you sign it and away we go. With a dish bottom, this tank can drain through the bottom mount 2" NPT half coupling. There are many options from 316SS construction and #4 polish, to mixer brackets, custom fittings, dimple jackets, and level
- Type: Tote
- Materials: Aluminum, Composite / Fiberglass, Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), Steel, Steel - Stainless
- Volume Capacity: 500 to 551 gallons
Supplier: American Water Works Association (AWWA)
Description: By Spreiregen, Paul D., Sultan, Martin B. A case study of how plans for a water treatment plant expansion were denied because of visual intrusion of the design of a historic and natural park setting and were revised to meet the approval of the controlling agency, the Washington Suburban Sanitary
Supplier: ASTM International
Description: process (previously known as the oxygen hazards analysis process) designed by NASA Johnson Space Center White Sands Test Facility can be used to determine the presence of fire hazards in oxygen systems and the likelihood of a fire. This process may be used as both a design guide and an approval
Supplier: Thermon Manufacturing Co.
Description: on a range of design conditions encountered and have supplied approvals specific to the project in question to customers who have requested them as part of the project specification.
- Heater Type: Specialty / Other
- Applications: OEM / Custom, Other
- Phase: Single Phase
- AC Voltage Required: 120 volts
Description: Ingenious modular design with improved performance Modular design allows for the display to be separated from the weighing base for maximum flexibility in any work area AutoCal™ automatic internal calibration ensures results are accurate Intuitive operation with large color touch-screen
- Type: Laboratory / Analytical Balance
- Capacity: 0.2646 lbs
- Display: Digital Display
- Interface: Serial
Supplier: Graco Inc.
Description: ATEX approval for hazardous locations Oil free gear box design Simple screw in installation Interchangeable adapters and couplers to meet a variety of drum designs Corrosion resistant stainless steel construction
Supplier: BERNSTEIN AG
Description: temperature of +80 °C. Product advantages: Magnetic switches with reed contact Protection against flammable energies is realised by encapsulation Fitted at the factory with an up to 7 m long connection cable The cable is permanently connected to the enclosure and is part of the approval Design
- Technology: Magnetic Proximity Sensor
- Operating Temperature: -4 to 176 F
- Power Requirements: DC Powered
- Output: Current
Supplier: Multi-Contact USA
Description: for cable cross sections from 4mm² to 10mm². ■ The plug connector can be locked in conformity with NEC 2011 with a snap-in latch for maximum connection depend- ability. Unlocking is effected by means of a screwdriver. ■ Mating compatibility with MC4. ■ Design in conformity
- Applications: Residential / General-Purpose, Industrial
- Blade / Pin Type: Pin and Sleeve
- Voltage Rating: Other
- Current Rating: 30 A, Other
Supplier: API Technologies Corp - Spectrum Control
Description: Features Voltage Rating 250VAC C Configuration with Class Y2 capacitors Current rating up to 300 Amps Excellent filtering in compact package Bolt-in style with D-shaped bushing for easy installation Low cost EMI solution Design flexibility UL and Semko approvals pending
- Filter Type: Single Phase
- Package / Mounting: Other
- Rated Voltage: 250 volts
- Rated Current: 250 amps
GUIDE TO PREPARING A DESIGN PROPOSAL FOR PARALLELING CUSTOMER GENERATION WITH AN ELECTRIC UTILITY -- NEMA GUIDE TO PREPARING
Description: design, including drawings 4. Prepare the utility proposal 5. Preliminary approval by utility 6. Final design and drawing by system designer 7. Bidding, purchasing, choice of supplier 8. System design approved by utility 9. Manufacturing lead times 10. Installation 11. Testing and start up 12
Description: Unidrive SP Free Standing drives are fully engineered and tested drive cabinets for AC input and AC motor output configurations. The entire enclosure is certified to comply with international standards such as CE and UL. Proven design and international approvals free your engineering resources
- Drive Type: AC Induction Motor, AC Sensorless Vector Drive, AC Vector / Feedback Drive
- Number of Axes / Motors: 1
- Application Categories: Motor Speed Controller, Variable Speed Drive, Regenerative Drive
- Maximum Output Voltage: 575 to 690 volts
Supplier: Mixer Direct
Description: modify a standard design and get you an approval drawing, you sign it and away we go. With a cone bottom, this tank can drain through the bottom mount 2" NPT half coupling. This finsih level includes a #4 finsh on the inside and outside of the tank. There are many options from 316SS construction
- Type: General Purpose/ Bulk Storage Tank, Chemical Tank, Drug/Pharmaceutical Tank, Expansion Tank, Food/Beverage Tank, Fuel/Oil Tank, Hazardous Tank, Pressure Vessel, Process Tank, Water Tank, Other Tank
- Volume Capacity: 1 to 341 gallons
- Diameter / Width: 45.8 inch
- Height: 48 inch
Supplier: Advanced Technology Products
Description: during the coupling process Full flow, negligible loss of pressure Simple operation, no force required Compact design, NBR standard seal Silicone free standard lubrication Eco-design Det Norske Veritas Type approval no. P-10819
Supplier: Scantek, Inc.
Description: describes the testing of time constant F down to 0.25ms; testing of statistical calculations and the Taktmaximal 3 and 5. The international standards describe tests that have been designed for type approval of an instrument design (e.g. IEC61672 part 2), but they do also include tests meant to be performed
Supplier: Ralston Metal Products Limited
Description: will meet your approval at a competitive price and exceptionally good deliveries. We welcome inquiries during your initial design stages, whether it be for a one-of-a-kind prototype or large volume run.
- Shape: Rectangular
- Material: Other
- Mounting: Free Standing Cabinet
- Features: Hinged Cover, Locking, Viewing Door / Window
Supplier: American Water Works Association (AWWA)
Description: schedule growth? These are some of the attractive benefits many water and wastewater utilities enjoy through the use of design-build construction over traditional design-bid-build construction. Design–Build for Water and Wastewater Projects provides a basic template of how to plan, procure
Description: Features Energy efficient rotary compressor R407c and R134a earth-friendly refrigerants and RoHS compliant Models for 115, 230 and 400/460 3-phase AC volt power input UL Listed to save customers time and money with agency approvals Attractive industrial design with minimal use of visible
- Cooling Capacity: 1.76 kW
- Operating Voltage: 115 VAC
- Frequency: 50 Hz, 60 Hz
- Features: Weather Resistant, Thermostatic Control
Supplier: Bronkhorst USA
Description: systems for micro reactors, amongst many others. Features direct mass flow measurement, independent of fluid properties high accuracy, excellent repeatability easy to re-range (scalable range) IP65 design, ATEX approval Cat.3, Zone 2 (option) metal-sealed construction optional bi-directional
- Type: Coriolis Meter
- Process Media Type: Gas, Liquid
- Pipe Diameter: 0.0 to 0.5000 inch
- Media Temperature Range: 32 to 158 F
Description: the current loop Can be mounted elsewhere if the measuring point is hard to access, is subject to high temperatures, is subject to vibrations from the system, or if you want to avoid long neck tubes and/or protective tubes. Can be mounted directly on American-design sensors Wide range
- Thermocouple: E, J, K, N, T, B, S, R
- Sensed Temperature: -328 to 1562 F
- Mounting: Other
- Output: Analog Current (e.g., 4-20 mA)
Supplier: Baumer Ltd.
Description: Flush membrane with hygienic approval (3-A and EHEDG) SIP/CIP compatible Surface roughness of process connection ≤ 0.8 Ra Compact design External programming of zero point and span with FlexProgrammer 9701 Excellent temperature characteristics Available with optional ATEX approval
- Electrical Output: Analog Voltage, Analog Current
- Sensor Technology: Semiconductor Piezoresistive
- Pressure Reading: Absolute
- Working Pressure Range: 0.0 to 580 psi
Supplier: Artesyn Embedded Technologies
Description: of air. The series, with full medical safety approval to EN60601 and UL2601, greatly accelerating design-in time and reducing system compliance costs.
- Style / Mounting: Circuit Board, Open Frame
- DC Output Voltage: +5 V, +12 V, -12 V, +15 V, +24 V
- Maximum DC Output Voltage: 24 volts
- Minimum DC Output Current: 10 amps
Supplier: B&K Precision
Description: The Mini-Pro® multimeters are a professional quality multimeter at low cost. Three new meters with a price point that will put them in every toolbox and field service kit. The unique design fits easily in the palm of your hand and CE approval ensures safe operation. Manual and auto ranging
- Form Factor: Handheld
- Measurement Type: AC / DC
- Display Digits: 3 Digits, Plus 1/2 Digit
- DC Current Range: 0.0 to 10 amps
Supplier: 1-Source Electronic Components
Description: Slim-Reach Test Probes Body Material:Stainless Steel Flat-Blade Design Probe Tip Kit Contents:One pair (red, black) 1-yr. mfr. warranty Approval Categories:CAT IV 600V CAT III 1000V, 10A Rated UL Listed Voltage Rating:1kV RoHS Compliant: NA
- Probe Type: Voltage
- Voltage Rating: 1000 volts
Supplier: Thermon Manufacturing Co.
Description: can design systems for “light” or “heavy” steam tracing. CompuTrace-IT also considers ThermoTube® pre-insulated tubing for steam supply & condensate return lines. Multiple report formats for performance data and bills of materials are also provided within CompuTrace-IT
Description: digital version provides an integral LCD display for stand-alone use, with PROFIBUS PA communication (Profile version 3.0, Class B) when required. Solid-state switch alarm is standard. The robust design of CLS300 makes it specifically applicable for heavy solids applications where abrasive materials
- Media Type: Liquid, Dry Material (Bulk Solids and Powders)
- Level Measurement Type: Continuous Level
- Device Classification: Sensor-Only
- Maximum Operating Pressure: 511 psi
Find Suppliers by Category Top
Featured Products Top
General Monitors, Inc.
Flame Detectors Receive IECEx Approval
. About General Monitors. Founded in 1961, General Monitors is a leading manufacturer of gas and flame detection monitoring products. The company is third-party certified to ISO 9001:2008 requirements. Corporate headquarters in Lake Forest, California comprise a modern engineering design center, R &D, manufacturing, sales and service complex. A facility in Galway, Ireland supports the EU with engineering design, R &D and manufacturing. Sales and service offices are maintained in Houston... (read more)
Browse Flame Detectors Datasheets for General Monitors, Inc.
Sierra Instruments, Inc.
QuadraTherm® 640i/780i: Global Agency Approvals
in design and testing were right on target. Now our customers can use the QuadraTherm in even more heavy industrial application across the globe, ” says Scott Rouse, Product Line Director. The QuadraTherm thermal mass flow meter ’s approvals are as follows: cFMus. Class I, Division 1, Groups B,C, and D. Process Temperature Range: -40 °C to 200 °C (-40 °F to 392 °F). T3C Ta = -40 °C to 60 °C (-40 °F to 140 °F). Type 4x. ATEX and IECEx Approvals. II 2 G Ex d... (read more)
Browse Flow Meters Datasheets for Sierra Instruments, Inc.
Scott Safety Receives NFPA 2013 Approvals!
. . Ease of Use – provides firefighters a simple-to-use and easy-to-understand SCBA that requires minimal training, increases operational efficiencies and reduces training costs. Low Cost of Ownership – lower costs after initial sale through its rugged design, assembly and warranty policy enable the department to direct valuable funding to training and other PPE rather than on maintenance costs. . Scott Safety ’s Air-Pak remains the most trusted, durable and easy... (read more)
Browse Breathing and Ventilation Air Systems Datasheets for Scott Safety
Cly-Del Manufacturing Company
Specialists in the Design of Progressive Dies
Cly-Del Manufacturing Company. Manufacturing Excellence Since 1939. Precision high speed, high quality, Progressive Die Stampings. Offering a complete system of development from concept to final approval. Specialists in the design of progressive dies & production of components servicing many industries; electronic, automotive, security, wireless, communications, battery, hardware, etc... Low volume prototyping die sets available for special development projects. Quick turn arround... (read more)
Browse Stamping Services Datasheets for Cly-Del Manufacturing Company
Simalex Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
In-House Mold Design
. After completing the mold-making process we perform a test casting for a First Article Inspection Report (FAIR) or Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) to ensure that the die casting meets all customer specifications. After passing this critical stage the tool is moved into production where our customer's dimensional requirements are checked and verified throughout the life of the project. (read more)
Browse Mold Making Services Datasheets for Simalex Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
General Monitors, Inc.
SIL White Paper Explains IEC 61508 Approval
Certification plays a valuable role in industrial fire and gas detection. Normative standards establish minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, and performance of these safety devices as necessary to maintain protection of personnel and property. As described earlier in this series, one particular set of standards that has gained wider acceptance among plant safety professionals is ISA 84.01, enacted to drive the classification of Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) for the process... (read more)
Browse Gas Sensors Datasheets for General Monitors, Inc.
item America, LLC
Work Bench System Receives AGR Seal of Approval
potential health complaints and promote the well-being of employees in the workplace. Health is a Top Priority at item; Wide-Ranging Research for Back-Friendly Working Practices. Optimum ergonomics and, in particular, back-friendly product design are key objectives of development work at item, which always takes into account the latest medical findings. As a result, item work bench systems offer ongoing support in helping users avoid back problems. What ’s more, products that are designed... (read more)
Browse Workbenches and Workstations (Industrial) Datasheets for item America, LLC
API Technologies Corp - Spectrum Control
Spectrums SMPS Capacitors Receive Mil QPL Approval
comprehensive EMI evaluation and design resource available. Testing capabilities include environmental stress screening (ESS), analytical circuit design, surge testing and mechanical shock resistance testing. All testing results are integrated into the design process, resulting in an optimum product that will withstand even the harshest environments. About Spectrum Advanced Specialty Products: Spectrum Advanced Specialty Products produces coaxial filters & interconnects, advanced ceramics... (read more)
Browse Capacitors Datasheets for API Technologies Corp - Spectrum Control
TriStar Plastics Corp.
Ultracomp Bearings Receive ABS Type Approval
TriStar Plastics, a leader in engineered plastics solutions, announces its Ultracomp® self-lubricating bearings have passed all requirements to receive the American Board of Shipping's (ABS) Product Design Assessment (PDA) Certification, which classifies the bearings as approved for use aboard any ABS-classed vessel. The certification also grants Ultracomp bearings universal acceptance for appropriate dockside, mobile offshore drilling, and marine facility applications. "Ultracomp is one of our... (read more)
Browse Plain Bearings and Sleeve Bearings Datasheets for TriStar Plastics Corp.
Carling Technologies, Inc.
L-Series CB Now Available With 3-Phase Approvals
WATCH VIDEO. DOWNLOAD CAD FILES. DOWNLOAD DATASHEET. The ultra low profile, space saving L-Series circuit breaker is ideal for telecom/datacom applications. Its new optional current monitor feature allows outlet metering and monitoring of power usage thus facilitating load adjustments and maximizing efficiency. . The slick design complements the overall spatial objectives required by telecommunications and data-communications systems designers in their quest to reduce the overall size... (read more)
Browse Circuit Breakers Datasheets for Carling Technologies, Inc.
Parts by Number Top
|Part #||Distributor||Manufacturer||Product Category||Description|
|2866336||PHOENIX CONTACT USA||Not Provided||Power supply unit - MINI-PS-100-240AC/24DC/C2LPS - 2866336||DIN rail power supply unit, primary-switched mode, slim design, output: 24 V DC / 100 W, NEC Class 2 approval.|
|2866653||PHOENIX CONTACT USA||Not Provided||Power supply unit - MINI-PS-100-240AC/24DC/1.5/EX - 2866653||DIN rail power supply unit, primary-switched mode, slim design, output: 24 V DC / 1.5 A, ATEX approval|
Conduct Research Top
Orr on Engineering: Practical Realities in Product Design
Orr on engineering: Prose of documentation, passion of design The engineering cycle roughly consists of requirements capture, conceptual design, detailed design, prototyping and refinement, design approval, production- process design, production, and deployment and support. This linear list is neat
Quality by Design in the Design Space
. Monitoring the parameters of drug attributes results to less process and ultimately, less product variability. The advantage of the design space is it provides a wider range within which material attributes can vary in the future without supplemental FDA approval, said Chen. QbD also helps make
Seals of Approval
share of design challenges opportunities, Coyle calls them particularly regarding the customization of the filling equipment to meet the needs of product and process. Foremost among these challenges was devising a means to ensure that particles of budesonide, Pulmicort s active ingredient
Regulatory Approvals for Planar Displays - AN111
Planar Systems, Inc. has sought compliance certification from several regulatory agencies for Planar displays. These certifications will ease the design process by supplying our customers with agency-recognized components when possible. Standards such as IEC 601.1 are system-level device
Part and Mold Design (.pdf)
equipment. These factors, coupled with other design concerns - such as agency approval, processing parameters, and part consolidation - are discussed in this chapter
Rapid Prototyping Accelerates The Design Process
techniques in the final stages of product development and the transition to manufacturing. But the greatest potential for 3D modeling lies earlier in the design process where superior designs are conceived and the roots of development delays are put down. Properly used, rapid prototyping can
Transformers supplier -FDA Section 510 (k) Approval
Medical Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) are required to. submit an FDA Section 510 (k) application when they plan to market. a new equipment design. Section 510 (k) of the U.S. Food, Drug and. Cosmetic Act allows the FDA to determine whether the device is. equivalent to similar equipment
Medical Device Link . Design considerations for IVD clinical trials:
Cheryl L. Hayden and Michael L. Feldstein An IVD clinical trial represents a major investment for the sponsoring company; consequently, it is important to maximize the utility of the trial. One way to accomplish this is to design the trial protocol to include several time-staggered end points
More Information Top
Federal Register > Tuesday, August 28, 2007 > [72 FR 49352] Licenses, Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants
SUMMARY: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is amending its regulations by revising the provisions applicable to the licensing and approval processes for nuclear power plants (i.e., early site permit, standard design approval , standard design certification, combined license, and manufacturing license).
Federal Register > Monday, November 15, 2010 > [75 FR 69746] Aging Airplane Program: Widespread Fatigue Damage
For certain existing airplanes, the rule requires design approval holders to evaluate their airplanes to establish a limit of validity of the engineering data that supports the structural maintenance program (LOV).
Countries > Canada > National > Regulations > Aeronautics Act > [CANADA Reg SOR/1996-433] SOR/1996-433 - Canadian Aviation Regulations
"Canadian Technical Standard Order (CAN-TSO) design approval �? means a document issued by the Minister to record the approval of the type design of an appliance or a part identified in the document by a model number, by a part number...
States > California > State > Regulations > Title 25 - Housing and Community Development > Division 1 - Housing and Community Development > [25 CCR division 1,...
Design Approval Agency -Certification Application Requirements.
Countries > Canada > National > Gazette > 2009 > Part II > [CANADA Gazette Part ii, 2009-1014] Part II‚ October 14‚ 2009‚ Vol. 143‚ No....
“Canadian Technical Standard Order (CAN-TSO) design ap- proval �? means a document issued by the Minister to record the approval of the type design of an appliance or a part identified in the document by a model number, by a part...
Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, 1996 Edition (As Amended 2003)
A competent authority may authorize transport into or through its country without shipment approval, by a specific provision in its design approval (see para. 827).
Industrial aviation management
Types of pattern approval .....................................................55 4.3 .
Risk-Based Ship Design
A risk based regulatory regime is also open to direct use of risk assessment in design and design approval , thereby being open for innovation in cases where the prescriptive regulations are prepared with applicability to specific technologies.