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  • Dielectric Materials for Use in Radomes
    , inorganic or metal based materials such as Silica, Titanium dioxide and materials with high water content, have high dielectric constants that are not suitable for use in applications where insulation is needed. This is due to high interaction with electromagnetic fields, leading to many undesirable
  • Using a buffered rinse solution to minimize metal contamination after wafer cleaning
    front-end-of-line (FEOL) processes remain the industry s focus of concern regarding metal contamination issues, devices at the back end of line (BEOL) are similarly susceptible because metals adsorbed into the various interlevel dielectrics may change the dielectric constants and possibly diffuse
  • Available Humidity, Dew Point, and Moisture Sensors, Probes & Connectors
    sensors contain a glass substrate with a moisture sensitive polymer layer between two metal layers. By absorption of water, corresponding to the relative humidity, the dielectric constant and, as a result, the capacity of the thin-film capacitor are changing. The measuring signal is directly
  • MICRO:Building Copperopolis (Jan '99)
    insulator dielectric constants of 1.5 to 2.0. Copper is rapidly becoming the metallization material of choice to meet the evolving SIA requirements for metal line density, with IBM, TI, and Motorola taking the lead and initiating major copper programs. Copper's appeal includes its low resistivity (~1.7
  • MICRO: The Hot Button
    gate electrodes and high-dielectric-constant gate insulators, as well as thinner liners and lower-dielectric-constant materials for wiring, the microelectronics industry is seeking to introduce new materials and device structures at an unprecedented rate. New materials are also the key
  • Capacitive sensors
    electrostatic field. A nonmetallic target entering the field increases the dielectric constant between the plates, raising the amplitude of the oscillations. The higher amplitude triggers a level detection circuit to turn the output of the sensor on. It turns off again when the target leaves
  • Humidity sensors
    Relative humidity, or RH, is the percentage of moisture in the air referenced to the maximum level of moisture the air can hold at that temperature and pressure. Relative humidity sensors come in both capacitive and resistive versions. Humidity changes the dielectric constant of the insulating
  • MICRO: Materials Integration
    a significant challenge. Advanced semiconductor fabs have met this challenge in production, and work is proceeding on the development of next-generation ultra-low-k dielectrics --particularly nanoporous materials --to further reduce the dielectric constant. In the integration process, three main

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