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Supplier: Modal Shop, Inc. (The)
Description: , metal injection molded (MIM), castings (including ductile iron), forgings, stampings or welding. NDT-RAM provides screening for cracks, chips, holes, porosity, out-of-tolerance dimensions, variations in hardness, residual stress, bonding failures and heat-treating processes. Manufacturers
- Form Factor: Monitoring System
Technical Journals - Developing Effluent Limitations for Hardness-Based Metals Considering Dynamic Variability of Effluent and Receiving Water Hardness (PDF) -- JAW_0069599Supplier: American Water Works Association (AWWA)
Description: To investigate the effect of hardness variability on implementation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA's) hardness-dependent water quality criteria (e.g., metals), the authors superimposed effluent hardness and flow data from two publicly owned treatment plants onto 15 receiving
Standards and Technical Documents - ANSI Z76.4 Standard Document -- HARDNESS CONVERSION TABLES FOR METALS
Description: Description / Abstract There is no abstract information for this document.
Description: metals can also be plated. Since ArresTech plating effects critical dimensions, parts must be designed with appropriate allowances for the plating thickness. In addition to the increase in hardness compared to the base metal, ArresTech provides lubricity. And unlike liquid lubricants that may
Supplier: OMEGA Engineering, Inc.
Description: or high impact environments up to 1250°C (2282°F). OMEGATITE® 650 is non-wetting for most non-ferrous metals. It is gas tight, chemically inert, resistant to corrosion and metal attack, and features high strength, hardness, and thermal shock resistance. OMEGATITE® 650 thermocouple
- Base Metal Type: K, N
- Style: Full Length 2-hole Insulator
- Length: 18.75 inch
- Gauge: Other
Description: AMPCO-TRODE 160 aluminum bronze coated electrodes produce a deposit of high strength and good ductility with a nominal hardness of 160 Brinell as applied by the shielded metal-arc process. AMPCO-TRODE 160 is recommended for joining aluminum bronzes (AMPCO 18), ferrous and dissimilar metals
- Welding Process / Form: Flux Coated / Stick
- Diameter / Thickness: 0.1250 to 0.1562 inch
- Alloy Type: Aluminum Alloy, Copper / Copper Alloy
- Tensile Strength (UTS): 89000 psi
Description: AMPCOLOY® 944 was originated by AMPCO METAL to provide optimal thermal conductivity, tensile strength and hardness for plastics tooling and processing applications. Typical applications include : Injection Moulds Thermoforming Blow Moulds Resistance and Spot Welding
- Metal / Alloy Types: Copper, Brass or Bronze Alloy (UNS C)
- Alloy: Yes
- Standards / Specifications: AA / IADS
- Shape / Form: Semi-finished Shape / Mill Stock, Bar Stock, Rod / Round Bar Stock, Plate
Description: AMPCO® 26 is a patented hard grade aluminium bronze. Its exceptional hardness makes it a unique material. However, this extreme hardness means fragility and machinability difficulties. This alloy has very limited uses and machinability, but it gives exceptional results. Application Stainless
- Metal / Alloy Types: Copper, Brass or Bronze Alloy (UNS C)
- Alloy: Yes
- Shape / Form: Semi-finished Shape / Mill Stock, Plate
- Features: Cast (Continuous, Centrifugal, etc.)
Supplier: Accuratus Corporation
Description: , and other common industrial metals. The combination of silicon nitride and aluminum oxide produces a material with the excellent strength, hardness, fracture toughness and low thermal expansion of silicon nitride, enhanced by corrosion resistance, good high temperature strength and oxidation
- Material Type: SiAlON, Specialty Ceramic
- Shape / Form: Fabricated / Custom Shape
Supplier: ASTM International
Description: Analysis of the Size Effect in Low-Load Hardness Testing of Metals Volume 19, Issue 5 (September 1991) Recent accounts of Vickers hardness tests in which the variation of hardness values with indentation size was suppressed by lubrication are re-examined to elucidate the nature of the size effect
Supplier: OMEGA Engineering, Inc.
Description: inert, resistant to corrosion and metal attack, and features high strength, hardness, and thermal shock resistance. OMEGATITE® 650 thermocouple sheaths are used extensively for continuous measurements in nonferrous metals. In molten aluminum, OMEGATITE® 650 is thermal shock resistant
- Electroceramic Type: Dielectric Ceramic
- Shape / Form: Tube Stock
- Length: 5.91 to 23.62 inch
- Width / O.D.: 0.4921 to 1.1 inch
Description: AMPCO® 25 is a patented alloy which displays outstanding mechanical properties. The extreme hardness, linked with an excellent compressive strength and very good friction properties, makes it ideal as a forming and drawing die material. As the elongation of the material is nil, thin sections
- Metal / Alloy Types: Copper, Brass or Bronze Alloy (UNS C)
- Alloy: Yes
- Shape / Form: Semi-finished Shape / Mill Stock, Bar Stock, Flats / Rectangular Bar, Rod / Round Bar Stock
- Features: Wear Resistant / High Speed
Supplier: Belmont Metals, Inc.
Description: ingredient to Copper to improve hardness. Forms: Cadmium and Cadmium Alloys are offered in various sizes as Anodes ( ball, flat, cast rectangular, oval, round, stick) mossy, pellets and sticks for vacuum deposition, powder, slab, shot, and wire. Cadmium Oxide is offered in powder form.
- Metal / Alloy Types: Non-ferrous
- Applications: Other
Supplier: Belmont Metals, Inc.
Description: of one or more elements. Our alloys enable casting houses and ingot manufacturers to overcome problems associated with alloying that they may experience when working with molten metals. Master Alloys are commonly used as additives in the manufacture of other alloys or as deoxidants, degasifiers
- Function: Alloying - Master Alloy
- Metal / Alloy Types: Copper, Brass or Bronze Alloy
Supplier: Phillips 66 Lubricants
Description: Metal Quenching Oils Quench Oils are high-quality oils developed for heat treatment of ferrous metals in a wide variety of quenching operations. They are formulated to provide deep and uniform hardening with minimum distortion and cracking for a smooth surface finish. Quench Oils are available
- Type / Function: Metal Working Fluid, Quenchant / Heat Treat, Specialty / Other
- Chemistry / Constituents: Petroleum / Mineral Oil
- Density / Specific Gravity (@15.6°C, 60°F): 0.8540 to 0.8640 specific gravity
- Kinematic Viscosity (@ 40°C): 16.1 to 32.9 cSt
Standards and Technical Documents - METHODS AND CONTROLS TO PREVENT IN-SERVICE ENVIRONMENTAL CRACKING OF CARBON STEEL WELDMENTS IN CORROSIVE PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTS -- NACE RP0472Supplier: NACE International
Description: ); and submerged arc welding (SAW). Almost all types of weld configurations are included. Some specific exceptions include hot taps or weld build-ups. Hardness limits and PWHT requirements for these exceptions (i.e., weld configurations) should be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. Corrosive refinery process
Supplier: Master Bond, Inc.
Description: properties to both metals and nonmetal substrates. Typically bond strengths for steel/steel and aluminum/aluminum exceeds 1000 psi. The fully cured epoxy product has shore D 80 hardness rating.
- Chemistry: Epoxy, Resin Base / Polymer Binder
- Substrate / Surface: Metal
- Features: Protective
Description: and fatigue strength. AMPCO® 8 is a fair hot working material which responds favourably to cold working, the only way of increasing its hardness. Correct annealing will remove any cold worked conditions. Application AMPCO® 8 sheet and plate has excellent corrosion resistance, not only in alkaline
- Nonferrous Metals: Non-ferrous - Any Type, Copper, Brass or Bronze Alloy (UNS C)
- Alloy: Yes
- Processing Features: Wrought, Hot Rolled
- Performance Features: Corrosion Resistant, Heat Resistant / Hot Work, Wear Resistant / High Speed
Description: in tooling and component productions: High processing precision comparable to that of CNC machining Deep cavity (slenderness ratio>10) processing ability Thin wall section processing ability Small radius of interior corners (=0.3mm) High hardness of workpieces (=55HRC) Free of metal burrs
- EDM Capabilities: Electrode EDM, Wire EDM, Small-Hole EDM
- Specialty Machining: Tool & Die Manufacturing, Jigs and Fixtures
- Length Capacity: Less than 1", 1" - 3", 3" - 6", 6" - 48", Greater than 48"
- Micro Machining: Yes
Supplier: Tinius Olsen, Inc.
Description: Tinius Olsen has several different types of portable hardness tester available that can rapidly and accurately determine the hardness value of a wide variety of materials including metals, plastics, large parts, small precision parts. These series of portable testers are as follows: FH20 Series
- Hardness Testers: Brinell
- Mounting: Handheld or Portable
Description: Tungsten has become an essential material for a wide variety of applications. It has the highest melting point of any metal, and its high density is equaled only by gold, platinum, and a few other rare and expensive metals. Pure tungsten is quite brittle and difficult to machine. The addition
- Metal / Alloy Types: Refractory / Reactive (UNS R), Tungsten / Tungsten Alloy
- Shape / Form: Semi-finished Shape / Mill Stock, Bar Stock, Rod / Round Bar Stock
- Applications: Aerospace / Aircraft (AQ), Other
Supplier: General Magnaplate Corporation
Description: General Magnaplate's surface-enhancement coatings have been engineered to provide metal parts and other substrates with corrosion and chemical resistance, super-hardness and dry lubrication. These coatings impart properties that ensure longer life spans and greater reliability, consequently
- Thin Film Processes: Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD), Titanium Nitride Coating
- Hard Coating / Treatment: Yes
- Material Selection / Design Assistance: Yes
- Research & Development: Yes
Description: Hexoloy SE SiC offers an excellent alternative material to metals, superalloys and other ceramics for applications such as chemical processing, high temperature furnaces, and other demanding, severe environment applications. Hexoloy SE SiC provides exceptional properties including extreme hardness
- Specialty Ceramic Type: Silicon Carbide
- Shape / Form: Bar Stock, Fabricated / Custom Shape, Kiln Furniture / Support, Spout / Nozzle (Launder Pouring / Atomization), Plate / Board (e.g., Fiberboard), Preforms, Rod Stock, Tube Stock, Tube / Sheath - Immersion (Closed End), Specialty / Other
- Hollow Stock / Shape: Yes
- Thermal Conductivity: 30 W/m-K
Conductivity and Resistivity Meters - Electrical Conductivity Measuring Instrument -- SIGMASCOPE® SMP350Supplier: Fischer Technology, Inc.
Description: Handheld instrument for electrical conductivity measurement of non-ferromagnetic metals. The electrical conductivity can be used for determining material properties, like hardness, strength, heat damage and material fatigue of metals. Features Rapid and simple on-the-spot conductivity measurement
- Measures Conductivity / Dissolved Solids: Yes
- Conductivity / Dissolved Solids Range: 6.50E9 to 6.30E11 µS/cm
- Conductivity Accuracy: 0.5000 ±% Full Scale
- Mounting / Environment: Hand Held, Portable
Supplier: Saint-Gobain Coating Solutions
Description: roughness, the surface should have a hardness less than Rockwell C-50. This assures maximum adherence of the ceramic coating that may range from 0.005" (.127 mm) to 0.030 (0.8 mm) thick. Grit blasting is followed with a nickel chrome or other undercoat for increased bond strength and to minimize problems
- Thermal Spray Technology: Flame Spray - Rod / Rokide®
- Material Type: Non-ferrous, Aluminum / Aluminum Alloy, Specialty / Other, Composite
Description: are suitable forbroaching into metal applications with a hardness below HRB 80 / HB 150. Features and Benefits Simple, press-in installation. Secure panels to common magnesium die castingmaterials such as AZ91D Replaces micro screws, eliminating the need to tapor use threaded inserts Eliminates
- Dowel Pins: All Dowel Pins, Knurled Pin
- English or Metric: Metric
- Diameter / Size: 0.0472 inch
- Length: 0.0787 inch
Industrial Adhesives - Two Component, Thermally Conductive Urethane Modified Epoxy Gel-Like System -- Super Gel 9AOSupplier: Master Bond, Inc.
Description: to retrieve components if needed. This can be accomplished with a sharp knife or razor blade. It has first class handling properties: an easy to use two to one mix ratio by weight, good flow and a long working life. It has low exotherm enabling it to be cast many inches in depth. Its hardness
- Substrate / Material Compatibility: Ceramic / Glass, Metal, Plastic, Rubber / Elastomer
- Chemical / Polymer System Type: Epoxy (EP)
- Cure Type / Technology: Room Temp. Cure / Vulcanizing, Two Component System
- Features: Encapsulating / Potting
Supplier: American Welding Society (AWS)
Description: and actual service tests are expensive, time consuming, and potentially hazardous. Therefore, standardized tests and testing procedures are performed in the laboratory to compare a specimen’s results with those of metals and structures that have performed satisfactorily in service. Standardized testing
Supplier: International Thermal Systems LLC.
Description: A Tempering Oven will reduce the metal hardness. The purpose of a Tempering Oven is to reduce the hardness of any steel or alloy formed product. Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to ferrous alloys, such as steel or cast iron, to achieve greater toughness by decreasing the hardness
- Application: Other
- External Configuration: Continuous (Convey, Shuttle)
- Heat Source / Transfer: Combustion, Electric / Resistance, Natural Gas, Propane, Oil, Steam
- Controller Type: Programmable
Supplier: R. S. Hughes Company, Inc.
Description: pli), resilient rubber compound (Hardness 78 Shore A); Bonds to metal, rubber, wood, fiberglass, and concrete; Used with Flexane(R) Primers for maximum adhesion
Supplier: Numatics, Inc.
Description: that provides reliable sealing on flat or slightly curved surfaces. Design Large structured inner support Robust and wear resistant, with single sealing lip and special slot Nitrile - 45 shore hardness Slots in bottom of cup prevents oily metal sheets from slipping
- Vacuum Pad Type: Flat
- Diameter / Maximum Dimension: 1.97 to 4.92 inch
- Material: Nitrile (NBR)
- Vacuum Porting: Top Port
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Tinius Olsen, Inc.
New Line of Hardness Testers
Tinius Olsen has many types of hardness testers available that can rapidly and accurately determine the hardness value of a wide variety of materials including all kinds of metals, and can accept both large and small precision parts. Whether you need are portable testers, bench mounted testers, large scale floor mounted testers or dedicated testers that are integrated into your production lines, we can help you with your application. All hardness testers feature the latest designs, hardware... (read more)
Browse Hardness Testers Datasheets for Tinius Olsen, Inc.
Belmont Metals, Inc.
Deoxidizers and Degasifiers - Belmont Metals
. Deoxidizers in the metals industry: Aluminum Metal – is widely used as a deoxidizer. Aluminum can control austenite grain growth in reheated steels and is therefore added to control grain size. Aluminum is the most effective alloy in controlling grain growth prior to quenching. Titanium, zirconium, and vanadium are also valuable grain growth inhibitors, but there carbides are difficult to dissolve into solution in austenite. Manganese Metal – is a mild deoxidizer and desulfurizer... (read more)
Browse Master Alloys and Alloying Additives Datasheets for Belmont Metals, Inc.
Qingdao Eversun Precision Manufacture Co., Ltd.
MIM -Tool Steels & Hard Metals
Wear components, often from carbides, tool steels or hardenable stainless steels, stand for a range of critical application fields where high hardness and wear resistance are required, as in defense, aerospace, automotive and cutting tools. Tungsten carbide wears up to 100 times longer than steel in conditions including abrasion, erosion and galling. Wearing properties of carbides are superior to those of tool steels. Tungsten carbide plus cobalt, known as cemented carbides or WC-Co, can... (read more)
Browse Datasheets for Qingdao Eversun Precision Manufacture Co., Ltd.
Ametek Test & Calibration Instruments
Newage Hardness Tester now CE certified
Test & Calibration Instruments, an established leader in material test and calibration devices including hardness testers and accessories, is pleased to announce that its Newage Hardness testing B.O.S.S. ® (Brinell Optical Scanning System) units and HiLight ® Brinell scope have received CE approval and certification.Used extensively in North America by the automotive, metal casting, foundry and other industries, both products are now available to hardness testing customers... (read more)
Browse Hardness Testers Datasheets for Ametek Test & Calibration Instruments
Explosive Metal Bonding
Benefits of Explosive Bonding. Design engineers are often faced with the dilemma of material selection. Frequently, material that would work the best for one specific element of the design is lacking in properties required by other elements of the design. For example, a material may exhibit good corrosive resistance, electrical conductivity, or thermal conductivity, yet be lacking in the strength, hardness, weldability, or wear resistance required by the final design. Explosive bonding... (read more)
Browse Sheet Metal Fabrication Services Datasheets for PA&E
Tungsten Composites Metal Machining
taps. A light tapping fluid is recommended. Drilling. Carbide tooling is suggested. Increased clearance angles and automatic feeds are often used to avoid binding and seizing. Carbide drills will give a better tool life. Grinding - Use aluminum oxide or silicon carbide wheels of medium hardness. Milling. Carbide cutters are suggested. Roughing - Feeds of .007" to .015" per tooth at speeds of 200 to 400 SFM. Finishing - Feeds of .003" to .010" per tooth at speeds of 300 to 700 SFM. Sawing... (read more)
Browse Nonferrous Metals and Alloys Datasheets for Mi-Tech Metals
Hartford Technologies, Inc.
Custom Metal Balls
The fine-grain martensitic steel used in Hartford chrome steel balls has high hardness and exceptional surface characteristics. It is an excellent material for chrome steel balls in load-bearing applications, and in applications as diverse as food grinding systems, vibratory finishing, plating baths, linear motion components, and check valves. Other applications that are ideal for chrome balls manufactured by Hartford include tumbling media, spray can agitation, ball bearings, drawer slides... (read more)
Browse Metal Balls Datasheets for Hartford Technologies, Inc.
Metal Cutting Corporation
Metal Probes in Electronics & Medical Research
for high conductivity and high hardness may be used for tight pitch applications where the current level remains high but the probe diameter is small. There are also a variety of metal probe configurations, such as metal blade profiles commonly used in probe card assembly machines. Metal blade probes can be mounted with different needle styles and geometries based on the application. As electronic devices and circuitry become smaller and smaller, whichever type of metal probe is used... (read more)
Browse Medical Tubing Datasheets for Metal Cutting Corporation
Interplex Industries, Inc.
The Advantages of Reel-to-Reel Metal Etching
specifications, the reel-to-reel chemical etching process provides an excellent alternative for fine features and tight tolerances that cannot be achieved by stamping. Chemical StampingTM can be used on many commercially available metal or alloys, of any hardness. Interplex Reel-to-Reel Metal Etching allows for ease for downstream operations such as Insert Molding and Reel-to-Reel Plating. . Additional Information: . Interplex Etch Logic Fact Sheet. Interplex Etch Logic Inquiry... (read more)
Browse Electrochemical, Photochemical, and Chemical Milling Services Datasheets for Interplex Industries, Inc.
General Magnaplate Corporation
Magnagold for extreme wear and tight tolerances
Magnagold ®, an enhanced titanium nitride physical vapor deposition coating (PVD), resists wear and abrasion up to 20 times better than stainless steel. The coating provides a hard, smooth surface and a rich, gold color to metals without causing distortion or loss of hardness. Magnagold exceeds physical properties of common industry coatings such as titanium nitride (TiN), PVD, CVD or vacuum deposition. Magnagold properties include: Hardnesses up to an equivalent of Rc 85. A dimensional... (read more)
Browse Wear Protection Services Datasheets for General Magnaplate Corporation
Conduct Research Top
Determination of Water Hardness
Originally the hardness of water was defined as the capacity of water for destroying the lather of soap. The hardness was determined by a titration with a standard soap solution. Metal ions including have the ability to cause hardness. However, today water hardness means the total calcium
, electrodes, cathodes, crucibles, catalysts, and salts or solutions for plating and coating. All precious metals are nearly completely corrosion resistant; platinum metals withstand service up to 3,200 F without any evidence of erosion or corrosion. An extremely soft, ductile metal, gold undergoes
Refractory Hard Metals
Refractory hard metals (RHMs) are a ceramiclike class of materials made from metal-carbide particles bonded together by a metal matrix. Often classified as ceramics and sometimes called cemented or sintered carbides, these metals were developed for extreme hardness and wear resistance. The RHMs
Portable Hardness Test Technology for Assessing Titanium Weld Quality (.pdf)
Portable hardness testing technology was developed in this project and was based on an oxygen equivalent (OE) database for CP titanium weld metals. The database was created by testing the properties of full penetration autogenous welds made from a number of heats and using different welding
Hardness Testing of Metallic Materials - NIST Recommended Practice Guide
used method for acceptance testing and process control of metals and metal products. Since its development, the popularity of the Rockwell hardness test has steadily grown. The Rockwell hardness test continues to be applied as a tool for assessing the properties of a product while the tolerances
Rolling out complex metal parts
. Cold drawing, on the other hand, uses extreme pressure to pull metals, such as copper and brass, and stainless or carbon steel through a controlled series of progressively smaller dies at ambient temperature. It gradually establishes part contours while cold working the metal, increasing its tensile
Hardness of Bone Tissue
driving forces for coating metal implants with calcium phosphate layers which improve their biocompatibility and osteoconductive properties. In a previous investigation  it has been demonstrated that when Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) is biomimetically coprecipitated with Ca2+ and PO4 3- ions upon
Superlative parts crowned at powder-metal competition
Members of the Metal Powder Industries Federation (MPIF), Princeton, N.J., once again prove inventive powder-metal (P/M) parts can outperform their machined, stamped, cast, and forged counterparts. Metal Powder Industries Federation (MPIF), Princeton, N.J., once again prove inventive powder-metal
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Solid Particle Erosion
Experimental studies of different materials and coatings using a centrifugal accelerator CAK-3 with abradants of different hardnesses (from 120 to 200 HV up to 1900–2000 HV) showed that high hardness metal -ceramic composite materials and coatings are promising in fighting against …
Materials Processing Technology II
So the big hardness metal material can get more smooth surfaces.
Table 2 Mohs hardness values Minerals Mohs hardness Metals Mohs hardness Various materials Mohs hardness .
HOLM 2010 Ragnar HOLM Scientific Achievement Award
In the case of low hardness metals such as In-Sn alloy, In, Pb, Sn and Zn, a noticeable increase of the contact area due to the current was found.
Handbook of Green Chemistry Vol 9
A simple way to analyze this is shown in Table 10.4, where the selectivity Kx for different metal ions in the presence of the most common hardness metal ion Ca2 þ has been calculated.
Lactic acid recovery from fermentation broth using one‐stage electrodialysis
In this regard, the one-stage ED (route (c) in Fig 1) was investigated for recovery of free lactic acid from fermentation broth directly without pretreatment, such as desalting ED or ion-exchange for removal of hardness metals and foulants.
Low to Moderate Disposal of cleaning solvents; solvent emissions Decorative properties; wear and corrosion resistance; increased hardness Metals .
Simoneau, R.: Transposition of cavitation marks on different hardness metals .