Products/Services for Laboratory Edge-defined Film-fed Growth Crystal Grower

  • Plant Growth Chambers-Image
    Plant Growth Chambers - (27 companies)
    Plant Growth Chambers are specifically designed to produce environmental conditions to maximize plant growth. Plant Growth Chambers Information. Plant growth chambers are designed to produce environmental conditions (humidity and temperature...
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  • Laboratory Furnaces-Image
    Laboratory Furnaces - (149 companies)
    Laboratory furnaces provide continuous heating to process samples and materials. They are generally built from high temperature (refractory) materials so that they can maintain high temperatures without breaking down. Often, laboratory furnaces...
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  • Crystal Filters-Image
    Crystal Filters - (50 companies)
    Crystal filters are electronic filters that use monolithic crystals. They are used in all kinds of electronic and radio communication devices. A monolithic crystal filter uses one large crystal rather than an array of several discrete crystals...
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  • Suspended Growth Treatment Systems-Image
    Suspended Growth Treatment Systems - (13 companies)
    Suspended Growth Treatment Systems Information. Suspended growth treatment systems freely suspend microorganisms in water. They use biological treatment processes in which microorganisms are maintained in suspension within the liquid. In suspended...
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  • Fixed Growth Treatment Systems-Image
    Fixed Growth Treatment Systems - (23 companies)
    Fixed growth treatment systems attach microorganisms to a surface that is exposed to water. In a fixed growth treatment system, aerobic microorganisms attach and grow on an inert media. Wastewater flows across a slime layer created by the attached...
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  • No Image Available
    Laboratory Reactors - (148 companies)
    ...productivities with fed-batch products. The growth rate of the cells can be optimized by controlling the flow rate of the feed entering the reactor. Control and Measurement. Laboratory reactors can control the level of dissolved oxygen, the pH level...
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    Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Modules - (572 companies)
    Description. Liquid crystal display (LCD) modules are used at the component level in place of less efficient displays such as cathode ray tubes (CRTs). These modules do not include housing and must be incorporated into a larger instrument or system...
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    Laboratory Balances - (251 companies)
    ...specifications include display, intervace, and ratings or certifications. Display. Some laboratory balances have an analog display such as a needle. Others have a digital display such as a liquid crystal display (LCD), light-emitting diode (LED), or vacuum...
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  • No Image Available
    Laboratory Mixers - (355 companies)
    ...liquid crystal display (LCD), flat panel display (FPD) or other multi-line display. Intrinsically safe (IS) laboratory mixers will not produce sparks, electrical energy or other thermal effects that would cause an explosion under normal or abnormal...
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    Laboratory Refrigerators - (105 companies)
    Laboratory refrigerators are used to cool samples or specimens for preservation. They include refrigeration units for storing blood plasma and other blood products, as well as vaccines and other medical or pharmaceutical supplies. They differ from...
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  • NREL preprints for the 23rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
    … first phase of this subcontractinclude an increasein wire-saw produc- tion capacity by over 30% due to reduced kerf loss and thinner wafer processing; an increase in crystal - growth yields through polysilicon studies … … of graphitedesign changesintothe SSI’scrystal growers , resulting in a 30%cost … 116 Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) Octagons-Mobil Solar Energy Corpora- tion (MSEC)is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a 50% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the … ENTECH’Saccomplishments duringthe first phase of this subcontract include;the development of laboratory prototype work stations for PV …
  • NREL Photovoltaic Program FY 1993
    … this subcontract include an increase in wire-saw production capacity by more than 30% due to reduced Kerf loss and thinner wafer processing; an increase in crystal growth yields through polysilicon studies … … changes into the Siemens crystal growers has resulted in a … Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) Octagons - Mobil Solar Energy Corporation is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a 50% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the laser-cutting of … the development of laboratory prototype work stations for PV cell assemblies and receivers; the identification and delivery …
  • Progress in phases 2 and 3 of the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology project (PVMAT)
    … of this subcontract include an increase in wire-saw produc- tion capacity by over 30% due to reduced kerf loss and thinner wafer processing; an increase in crystal - growth yields through polysilicon studies … … changes into the SSI’scrystal growers , resulting in a 30%cost … Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth(EFG) Octagons -Mobil Solar Energy Corpora- tion (MSEC) is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a SO% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the laser … ENTECH’s accomplishments duringthe first phase of this subcontract include; the development of laboratory prototype work stations for …
  • Shaped Crystals
    The book was intended to be a practical introduction to μ-PD for material scientists (who are often not crystal growers ). … mainly targeted at individuals who want to understand the basics of this crystal growth method and its … the case of highly developed edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) and/or the Stepanov technique. These chapters are par- ticularly important because they provide direct instructions for readers who wish to reproduce the procedures and the materials studied in their labo- ratories .
  • Recent progress in the photovoltaic manufacturing technology project (PVMaT)
    Springborn Laboratories Mobil Solar Energy Corp. (MSEC), of Billerica, Massachusetts (whose technology has recently been purchased by, and is being pursued by, AS€ Americas, Inc.), directed its research under Phase 2A toward thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) of octagons. … thinner wafer processing; a 3%increasein crystalgrowthyields as a result of studies on polysiliconfeedstock; elimination of Freonuse, and incorporation of a no-clean solder paste in SSl's module production by April 1993; incorporation of graphitedesignchangesinto the SSI crystal growers , which has resulted in …
  • Decade of PV Industry R and D Advances in Silicon Module Manufacturing
    The Ingot/boule/sheet/ribbon size has increased by 122%, and the number of growers has increased by 202%. [2] James Rand, Ralf Jonczyk, “Silicon Solar Cell Manufacturing 10 Years of Volume Growth and Cost Reduction,” 10 Workshop on Crystal line Silicon Solar Cellth Materials and Processes, CO, Aug. 2000. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Funded Si technologies in this project have been Czochralski, cast polycrystalline, edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) ribbon, string ribbon, and Si-film.
  • Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth
    To achieve this continuous cooperation between a crystal grower and crystal user is necessary. Without good characterization of the crystals grown no progress in crystal growth can be achieved. Soon after this, Gomperz [13.7] used floating dies to control the fiber diameter [an early Stepanov or edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) process] [13.5]. Since the implantation of the LHPG system at Stan- ford University laboratories , several modifications have been proposed …
  • Bulk Crystal Growth of Electronic Optical and Optoelectronic Materials Complete Document
    Silicon carbide bulk growth has been pursued in both university and industry laboratories addressing both fundamental growth mechanism and practical production issues [6–27]. The latest achievements in the bulk growth of large size SiC crystals by Cree Research and Nippon … The above attractive features have spurred great interest among crystal growers in the [1120] growth direction, also … These include continuous Czochralski growth, and some of the nontraditional growth methods that have been devel- oped for PV that will be discussed in a later section (electromagnetic continuous casting, continuous dendritic web growth, continuous edge - defined , film - fed growth (EFG), etc.).
  • Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials
    Crystals were produced up to 20 mm in diameter and with x values of up to 0.6 in the tip regions of some crystals (this has recently been in- creased … … 20 mm diameter in the author’s laboratory [12.42,116]). The entire growth procedure takes several months but gives uni- form material. Czochral- ski growth is still the mainstay of oxide growth, although problems with shape (diameter) control of some oxides (including rare earth vanadates and rutile) necessitate the use of edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG). … granular polysilicon of a free-flowing form and high bulk density enables crystal growers to obtain the …
  • Vaulters lexicon physiotherapy
    … to the 01.10.2005: Nine insurers were joined under the roof of "German pension insurance *" (DRV) repealed that became until there existing discrimination of insured persons after "workers" and "employees" (exception: The pension insurance of growers wasn't sensed by the … … lat: reprimere, the reproduction f inhibits (E reproduction); 1) propagation; 2) rereminding of certain situations; Etym: lat … An experimental protocol is made to ensure the reproducibility; Etym: lat: producere, the pleural reserve volume produces … … the Foramen intervertebral (Recessus lateralis-limiting) after 1st ventral: lateral vertebral body rear edge , intervertebral disc, 2nd … … task, Inhibition * or cocoon traktion * of antagonists occurs (static stop or eccentric control); Etym: lat: nervus, piezoelectric effect m reciprocal to nerve (E inverse piezoelectrical effect); phenomenon that one benefits to generate ultrasonic waves: A Quarz crystal of a train and pressure … A similar effect on the bone becomes as growth -/-Kallusbildungsreiz debates). … a. aggravation *; 2) representation or image of a reality cutout, e.g. through film for Vorführ- or … … check drawing f that gives, how many observation units (e.g., investigated persons) comprise the spot check (E sample correlation); selection of a spot check of a basic assembly stitch violation f (E rod trauma); wound fed to acute object Through a …