Products/Services for Laboratory Edge-defined Film-fed Growth Crystal Grower

  • Laboratory Furnaces-Image
    Laboratory Furnaces - (151 companies)
    Laboratory furnaces provide continuous heating to process samples and materials. They are generally built from high temperature (refractory) materials so that they can maintain high temperatures without breaking down. Often, laboratory furnaces... Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Furnaces (industrial)-Image
    Furnaces (industrial) - (488 companies)
    ...foundry or melting, heat treating, hot pressing, laboratory, preheating, and quenching. Other features include overtemperature protection, three-zone or multi-zone, computer interface, application software, view ports, and service or entry holes. Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Vacuum Furnaces-Image
    Vacuum Furnaces - (106 companies)
    ...baking, brazing or soldering, burn-off, curing, drying, firing or sintering, foundry or melting, heat treating, hot pressing, industrial, laboratory, preheating, and quenching. Other features include overtemperature protection, three-zone or multi-zone... Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Crystals-Image
    Crystals - (419 companies)
    Crystals are naturally occurring materials that can be induced to resonate (vibrate) at an exact frequency. Quartz, a piezoelectric crystal that provides excellent mechanical and electrical stability, acquires a charge when compressed, twisted... Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Optical Crystals-Image
    Optical Crystals - (156 companies)
    Optical Crystals Information. Optical crystals are transparent in different spectral regions, depending upon the crystal material. They include nonlinear, photorefractive crystals, and laser crystals ' acousto-optic and electro-optic combinations... Learn More
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    Laboratory Reactors - (149 companies)
    ...productivities with fed-batch products. The growth rate of the cells can be optimized by controlling the flow rate of the feed entering the reactor. Control and Measurement. Laboratory reactors can control the level of dissolved oxygen, the pH level... Search by Specification | Learn More
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    Crystal Filters - (50 companies)
    Crystal filters are electronic filters that use monolithic crystals. They are used in all kinds of electronic and radio communication devices. A monolithic crystal filter uses one large crystal rather than an array of several discrete crystals... Search by Specification | Learn More
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    Plant Growth Chambers - (28 companies)
    Plant Growth Chambers are specifically designed to produce environmental conditions to maximize plant growth. Plant Growth Chambers Information. Plant growth chambers are designed to produce environmental conditions (humidity and temperature... Search by Specification | Learn More
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    Suspended Growth Treatment Systems - (13 companies)
    Suspended Growth Treatment Systems Information. Suspended growth treatment systems freely suspend microorganisms in water. They use biological treatment processes in which microorganisms are maintained in suspension within the liquid. In suspended... Learn More
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    Government Agencies and Laboratories - (288 companies)
    Government agencies and government laboratories provide standards, regulations, business statistics, research, funding and technical information. Examples include the FDA, FCC, OSHA, FTC, NSF, NTIS, NASA and USDA. Government agencies and government... Learn More
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  • NREL preprints for the 23rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
    ...first phase of this subcontractinclude an increasein wire-saw produc- tion capacity by over 30% due to reduced kerf loss and thinner wafer processing; an increase in crystal - growth yields through polysilicon studies... ...of graphitedesign changesintothe SSI’scrystal growers , resulting in a 30%cost... 116 Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) Octagons-Mobil Solar Energy Corpora- tion (MSEC)is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a 50% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the... ENTECH’Saccomplishments duringthe first phase of this subcontract include;the development of laboratory prototype work stations for PV...
  • NREL Photovoltaic Program FY 1993
    ...this subcontract include an increase in wire-saw production capacity by more than 30% due to reduced Kerf loss and thinner wafer processing; an increase in crystal growth yields through polysilicon studies... ...changes into the Siemens crystal growers has resulted in a... Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) Octagons - Mobil Solar Energy Corporation is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a 50% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the laser-cutting of... the development of laboratory prototype work stations for PV cell assemblies and receivers; the identification and delivery...
  • Progress in phases 2 and 3 of the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology project (PVMAT)
    ...of this subcontract include an increase in wire-saw produc- tion capacity by over 30% due to reduced kerf loss and thinner wafer processing; an increase in crystal - growth yields through polysilicon studies... ...changes into the SSI’scrystal growers , resulting in a 30%cost... Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth(EFG) Octagons -Mobil Solar Energy Corpora- tion (MSEC) is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a SO% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the laser... ENTECH’s accomplishments duringthe first phase of this subcontract include; the development of laboratory prototype work stations for...
  • Shaped Crystals
    The book was intended to be a practical introduction to μ-PD for material scientists (who are often not crystal growers ). ...mainly targeted at individuals who want to understand the basics of this crystal growth method and its... the case of highly developed edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) and/or the Stepanov technique. These chapters are par- ticularly important because they provide direct instructions for readers who wish to reproduce the procedures and the materials studied in their labo- ratories .
  • Recent progress in the photovoltaic manufacturing technology project (PVMaT)
    Springborn Laboratories Mobil Solar Energy Corp. (MSEC), of Billerica, Massachusetts (whose technology has recently been purchased by, and is being pursued by, AS€ Americas, Inc.), directed its research under Phase 2A toward thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) of octagons. ...thinner wafer processing; a 3%increasein crystalgrowthyields as a result of studies on polysiliconfeedstock; elimination of Freonuse, and incorporation of a no-clean solder paste in SSl's module production by April 1993; incorporation of graphitedesignchangesinto the SSI crystal growers , which has resulted in...
  • Decade of PV Industry R and D Advances in Silicon Module Manufacturing
    The Ingot/boule/sheet/ribbon size has increased by 122%, and the number of growers has increased by 202%. [2] James Rand, Ralf Jonczyk, “Silicon Solar Cell Manufacturing 10 Years of Volume Growth and Cost Reduction,�? 10 Workshop on Crystal line Silicon Solar Cellth Materials and Processes, CO, Aug. 2000. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Funded Si technologies in this project have been Czochralski, cast polycrystalline, edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) ribbon, string ribbon, and Si-film.
  • Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth
    To achieve this continuous cooperation between a crystal grower and crystal user is necessary. Without good characterization of the crystals grown no progress in crystal growth can be achieved. Soon after this, Gomperz [13.7] used floating dies to control the fiber diameter [an early Stepanov or edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) process] [13.5]. Since the implantation of the LHPG system at Stan- ford University laboratories , several modifications have been proposed...
  • Bulk Crystal Growth of Electronic Optical and Optoelectronic Materials Complete Document
    Silicon carbide bulk growth has been pursued in both university and industry laboratories addressing both fundamental growth mechanism and practical production issues [6 – 27]. The latest achievements in the bulk growth of large size SiC crystals by Cree Research and Nippon... The above attractive features have spurred great interest among crystal growers in the [1120] growth direction, also... These include continuous Czochralski growth, and some of the nontraditional growth methods that have been developed for PV that will be discussed in a later section (electromagnetic continuous casting, continuous dendritic web growth, continuous edge - de�?ned , film - fed growth (EFG), etc.).
  • Vaulters lexicon physiotherapy
    ...to the 01.10.2005: Nine insurer was joined under the roof of "German pension insurance *" (DRV) repealed that became until there existing discrimination of insured persons after "workers" and "employees" (exception: The pension insurance of growers wasn't sensed by the... ...lat: reprimere, the reproduction f inhibits (E reproduction); 1) propagation; 2) rereminding of certain situations; Etym: lat... An experimental protocol is made to ensure the reproducibility; Etym: lat: producere, the retropulse ion Resektionsarthroplastik →... ...the Foramen intervertebral (Recessus lateralis-limiting) after 1st ventral: lateral vertebral body rear edge , intervertebral disc, 2nd... ...task, Inhibition * or cocoon traktion * of antagonists occurs (static stop or eccentric control); Etym: lat: nervus, piezoelectric effect m reciprocal to nerve (E inverse piezoelectrical effect); phenomenon that one benefits to generate ultrasonic waves: A Quarz crystal of a train and pressure... A similar effect on the bone becomes as growth -/-Kallusbildungsreiz debates). ...a. aggravation *; 2) representation or image of a reality cutout, e.g. through film for Vorführ- or... ...check drawing f that gives, how many observation units (e.g., investigated persons) comprise the spot check (E sample correlation); selection of a spot check of a basic assembly stitch violation f (E rod trauma); wound fed to acute object Through a...
  • Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials
    Crystals were produced up to 20 mm in diameter and with x values of up to 0.6 in the tip regions of some crystals (this has recently been in- creased... ...20 mm diameter in the author’s laboratory [12.42,116]). The entire growth procedure takes several months but gives uni- form material. Czochral- ski growth is still the mainstay of oxide growth, although problems with shape (diameter) control of some oxides (including rare earth vanadates and rutile) necessitate the use of edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG). ...granular polysilicon of a free-flowing form and high bulk density enables crystal growers to obtain the...