Products/Services for Laboratory Edge-defined Film-fed Growth Product

  • Laboratory Furnaces-Image
    Laboratory Furnaces - (150 companies)
    Laboratory furnaces provide continuous heating to process samples and materials. They are generally built from high temperature (refractory) materials so that they can maintain high temperatures without breaking down. Often, laboratory furnaces... Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Laboratory Reactors-Image
    Laboratory Reactors - (149 companies)
    ...productivities with fed-batch products. The growth rate of the cells can be optimized by controlling the flow rate of the feed entering the reactor. Control and Measurement. Laboratory reactors can control the level of dissolved oxygen, the pH level... Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Vacuum Furnaces-Image
    Vacuum Furnaces - (106 companies)
    ...baking, brazing or soldering, burn-off, curing, drying, firing or sintering, foundry or melting, heat treating, hot pressing, industrial, laboratory, preheating, and quenching. Other features include overtemperature protection, three-zone or multi-zone... Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Furnaces (industrial)-Image
    Furnaces (industrial) - (487 companies)
    ...foundry or melting, heat treating, hot pressing, laboratory, preheating, and quenching. Other features include overtemperature protection, three-zone or multi-zone, computer interface, application software, view ports, and service or entry holes. Search by Specification | Learn More
  • Plant Growth Chambers-Image
    Plant Growth Chambers - (28 companies)
    Plant Growth Chambers are specifically designed to produce environmental conditions to maximize plant growth. Plant Growth Chambers Information. Plant growth chambers are designed to produce environmental conditions (humidity and temperature... Search by Specification | Learn More
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    Suspended Growth Treatment Systems - (13 companies)
    Suspended Growth Treatment Systems Information. Suspended growth treatment systems freely suspend microorganisms in water. They use biological treatment processes in which microorganisms are maintained in suspension within the liquid. In suspended... Learn More
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    Government Agencies and Laboratories - (284 companies)
    Government agencies and government laboratories provide standards, regulations, business statistics, research, funding and technical information. Examples include the FDA, FCC, OSHA, FTC, NSF, NTIS, NASA and USDA. Government agencies and government... Learn More
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    Fixed Growth Treatment Systems - (23 companies)
    Fixed growth treatment systems attach microorganisms to a surface that is exposed to water. In a fixed growth treatment system, aerobic microorganisms attach and grow on an inert media. Wastewater flows across a slime layer created by the attached... Learn More
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    Laboratory Ovens - (252 companies)
    Laboratory ovens are thermal convection appliances for use in laboratory, scientific, and industrial settings. Uniform heat distribution is often achieved by internal blowers which heat, dry, and cure substrates. Laboratory ovens are convection... Search by Specification | Learn More
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    Laboratory Filters - (166 companies)
    Laboratory filters are used to remove particulates from samples in laboratory-scale applications. They consist of a filter medium and housing or holder that constrains and supports the filter media in the sample 's path. Image Credit: Sartorius... Search by Specification | Learn More
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  • Development of hot-pressed and chemical-vapor-deposited zinc sulfide and zinc selenide in the United States for optical windows
    Later, he worked in the Special Products Division developing applications for sapphire grown by the edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) method conceived by Harold Labelle. In 1971, Tyco abolished its Research Laboratory and diBenedetto returned to Jim Pappis’s group at Raytheon, where...
  • A peek into the history of sapphire crystal growth
    ...Air Force program in 1965-66 were nearly opaque and there was no demand for the product . In the 1980s, EFG growth of transparent sapphire optical fibers for high temperature environments was initially funded... Concurrent with the work of LaBelle in the 1960s, Stepanov independently invented edge - defined film - fed sapphire growth in the Soviet Union.11,12 ...and other small companies were acquired by a single owner who changed the name to Tyco Laboratories .
  • Progress update on the US photovoltaic manufacturing technology project
    ...4A1 subcontractors, is described in another paper in these proceedings by Ward Bower of Sandia National Laboratories . Phase 4A2 is focused on product -driven PV module manufacturing technology. These subcontracted efforts include developing large-area Silicon-Film™ panel and cell manufacturing; edge - defined , film - fed growth module manufacturing; improvements in Czochralski crystalline- silicon-based modules; the development of monolithic amorphous silicon modules on continuous-polymer substrates; and the manufacturing of...
  • Progress update on the US photovoltaic manufacturing technology project
    ...listingof 4A1 subcontractors, is described in another paper in these proceedings by Ward Bowerof Sandia National Laboratories . Phase 4A2 is focused on product -driven PV module manufacturingtechnology. These subcontracted efforts include developing large-area Silicon-FilmTM panel and cell manufacturing; edge - defined , film - fed growth module manufacturing; improvements in Czochralski crystalline- silicon-based modules; the development of monolithic amorphous silicon modules on continuous-polymer substrates; andthe manufacturingof extruded concentrator...
  • http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/69398/39919561.pdf?sequence=1
    ...was rekindled and developed largely by Seidensticker and co-workers at Westinghouse Research Laboratories in the 1970s. Another more rugged method of producing crystalline silicon in sheets is the edge - defined , film - fed growth technique (EFG). ...1970s (Taylor 1987), but it was not until 1985 that a quality commercial product was produced using...
  • Processing, Microstructure, and Strength of Alumina–YAG Eutectic Polycrystals
    Air Force Research Laboratory , Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, AFRL/MLLN, Wright-Patterson Air Force, Base, Ohio 45433 Directionally solidified product (DS-AYE) possesses excellent morphologic stability to temperatures near the eutectic temperature ...fracture toughness (via the single-edge notched beam (SENB) method) than sapphire or YAG, and, more importantly, the fracture toughness remains independent of temperature.1 The AYE fibers, which are grown using the edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) technique, routinely exhibit...
  • The Genesis Solar-Wind Collector Materials
    The sapphire is single-crystal grown by the edge - defined film - fed growth method. ...be found on the Kyocera website and lit- erature (cf., www.kyocera.com/KICC/industrial/ products /crystal.htm); a... ...required that it be coated before both SIMS analysis and successful ion- implantation performed for laboratory experiments.
  • Manufacturing improvements in the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) Project
    ...to resolve generic issues in module manufacturing; Phase 4A, supporting R&D to facilitate product -driven manufacturing advances... The paper is by H. P. Thomas et al., from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory . ASE Americas, Inc. is advancing its technology through manufacturing line improvements that consist of (1) a further decrease in the edge - defined film - fed growth (EFG) wafer thickness to 250 micrometers in mass production and an increase in the number of wafers...
  • NREL preprints for the 23rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
    116 Mobil Solar Energy Corporation Thin Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) Octagons-Mobil Solar Energy Corpora- tion (MSEC)is reducing the cost of solar cell processing through a 50% reduction in its EFG Si-wafer thickness; increasing the throughput of the... ENTECH’Saccomplishments duringthe first phase of this subcontract include;the development of laboratory prototype work stations for PV... ...fabrication machine; and planning for the introduction of new 225-cm2Silicon-Film, solar cell product in 1993.
  • Market-Driven EFG Modules Final Report: 14 December 1995--30 June 1999
    NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute • Battelle •... ...liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product , or process disclosed... This report describes the progress made in the 3-year program at ASE Americas Inc. in the PVMaT 4A2 Initiative on the development of Edge - Defined Film - Fed Growth (EFG) silicon wafer technology.