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Standards and Technical Documents - Pressure drop in ducts across round-wire gauzes normal to the flow. -- 72009Supplier: IHS ESDU
Description: ESDU 72009 enables the pressure drop to be estimated for liquid or gas flow. A reference pressure drop that is a function of gauze porosity is first predicted. An empirical factor corrects that reference pressure drop for the effect of Reynolds number less than 2000 (based on wire diameter
Supplier: American Water Works Association (AWWA)
Description: included the release of stored water into the stream channels below the dams, which would then flow into diversion points further downstream. By utilizing the normal flows in the Raritan River basin, the useful water produced by the project was greatly increased over the amount which would
Supplier: OMEGA Engineering, Inc.
Description: effective and versatile FDT-80 flowmeter comes complete with all accessories necessary for measuring piping systems from 50 to 2540 mm (2 to 100"). FDT-80 Series has a flow measuring range that exceeds 4000:1. This feature allows the instrument to measure normal process flow rates as well as flows
- Media Type: Liquid
- Totalizer: Yes
- Flow Rates: Volumetric, Velocity, Mass
- Display Type: Digital
Description: (bi-directional) allows the instrument to measure normal process flow rates as well as flows resulting from leaks in piping and valves. User configurable rate and totalizer units include: feet, gallons, ft3, mil-gal, barrels, acre-feet, lbs, meters, liters, m3, mil-liters and kg. Non-invasive, clamp-on
- Type: Ultrasonic Meter
- Process Media Type: Liquid, Suspended Solids / Slurries
- Pipe Diameter: 0.5000 to 2 inch
- Liquid Volumetric Flow Rate: 0.5000 to 400 GPM
Supplier: New Pig Corporation
Description: Universal mount connects eye wash to any standard or gooseneck faucet to provide an unlimited water supply Versatile design won't interfere with normal sink operation; water flows straight through until knob is pulled to activate eye wash Twin spray heads include pop-off plastic dust caps to keep
- Type: Eye Wash
- Mounting: Faucet Mount
Standards and Technical Documents - Predicting Slug Flow by Linear Optimized Methods and Mechanical Modifications - ISA EXPO 2003
Description: , and Offloading (FPSO) Vessel occasioned numerous shutdowns during start-ups and normal operations initiated by liquids over filling the primary separator and subsequently due to over pressure in the same vessel. At first thought these slugging anomalies were associated with two (2) distinct flow patterns
Supplier: ABB Measurement & Analytics
Description: Fully submersible, rugged and robust sensor – reliable, maintenance-free operation in arduous environments 'Hot tap' capability – enables installation with no interruption to normal water supply Good accuracy over wide operating flow range in both forward and reverse flow
- Type: Electromagnetic Meter
- Process Media Type: Liquid
- Electrical Output: Analog Current
- Interface Options: Serial / Digital
Description: Ideal Usage Construction, environmental, and industrial sediment removal. Benefit Fully automated. Anti-siphon valves. Easy-to-read gauges. Tool-free plumbing connections. User-friendly. Energy efficient. Lower labor costs. Performance Capacity: 74 gpm – 954 gpm (max normal flow range
- Application / Industry Use: Construction Materials, Other
- Gravity Filtration Equipment: All Gravity Filters, Sand Filter
Solenoid Valves - Poppet, 2-Way, Normally Closed, with Reverse Flow Check Solenoid-Operated On/Off Valve -- SVCV12-20Supplier: HydraForce, Inc.
Description: , the cartridge's poppet lifts to open the 2 to 1 flow path, while continuing to block flow from 1 to 2. The SVCV12-20 is designed to fit into the VC12-3 cavity with the normal inlet at cavity port 3 (valve port 2), the outlet at cavity port 1 (valve port 1), and cavity port 2 blocked. The pressure drop
- Pressure Rating: 3481 psi
- Power: 10 to 230 volts
- Valve Type: Cartridge / Manifold Valves, Poppet Valves
- Media Description: Hydraulic Fluid
Supplier: Clark Solutions
Description: that converts it to a square wave frequency output. DM01D has no moving parts, therefore no maintenance and no wear and tear. There are no parts obstructing the flow in the measuring pipe and under normal operating conditions, no influence on the output of temperature, viscosity, concentration or pressure
- Process Media Type: Liquid
- Media Temperature Range: 14 to 104 F
- Liquid Volumetric Flow Rate: 0.1320 to 0.2640 GPM
- End Fittings: Threaded
Supplier: ASTM International
Description: In-Plane Air Flow Through Needle-Punched, Nonwoven Geotextiles Under Normal Loading Volume 16, Issue 2 (June 1993) Knowledge of the in-plane permeability of nonwoven geotextiles to air and other gases has important applications including, for example, the transport and collection of methane gas
Description: Connection Size: 1" (25mm), Flow Rate: Up to 10 gpm (37.8 lpm) The Water Softening Process Hard water contains high levels of dissolved minerals, typically in the form of calcium and iron salts. Water softening reduces the hardness of water using an ion-exchange process. Hard water enters
- Market: Other
Supplier: Daniel Measurement and Control Inc.
Description: Daniel Compact Prover provides high accuracy, rapid operation and continuous flow for proving a flow meter in an operational line. This is accomplished without interrupting normal flow and without the use of manually operated bypass valves. Its unique design features a patented piston assembly
- Calibrator Style: Fixed
- AC Voltage: Yes
- AC Voltage Range: 115 to 460
- Process, Environmental, Thermodynamic Properties: Flow
Description: Features Air piloted proportional pressure valve Reliable, rugged design Excellent accuracy IP 65 environmental protection in normal position Flow: 300.00 l/min Port size: G1/4 Output pressure: 0.2 ... 4.0 bar
Description: a single water supply line. INSTALLATION is made similar to placing a length of flanged end pipe in the line. The AWWA Class "D" steel flanged end design permits use in a wide range of applications. The meter must have a full flow of liquid for proper accuracy. It must be installed in horizontal
- Type: Turbine Meter
- Process Media Type: Liquid
- Pipe Diameter: 4 inch
- Liquid Volumetric Flow Rate: 6 to 1250 GPM
Standards and Technical Documents - API PUBL 931 C15 -- MANUAL ON DISPOSAL OF REFINERY WASTES VOLUME ON ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS - CHAPTER 15 - FLARESSupplier: American Petroleum Institute (API)
Description: . It is difficult to design a single flare to handle efficiently such extreme variations in flow, so many systems have two flares. One flare is designed to provide smokeless combustion for the normal flow, the other is activated to handle excess flow resulting from an emergency. There also may be flares
Supplier: Grainger Industrial Supply
Description: Emergency Hard Pac Oxygen Unit, 6/12Lpm Normal/High Flow, Material Aluminum, Color White, Handle Yes, Size 20 x 6 x 9 In., Length 9 In., Width 6 In., Height 20 In., Weight 16 lb., Provides Supplemental First-Aid Oxygen For Emergency Use In Industrial, Office, Government, Schools, For First
Description: The WATTS ACV Pressure Reducing Control Valve with Low Flow By-Pass is designed to automatically reduce a fluctuating higher upstream pressure to a constant lower downstream pressure regardless of varying flow rates. Flow requirements below the normal range of the main line Pressure Reducing
- Valve Type: Angle Valves
- Primary Material of Construction: Ductile Iron
- Valve Size: 1.25 to 24 inch
- Number of Ports/Ways: 2
Description: , 2 1/2, 3, 3 1/2, and 4 in. The normal sequence of connections, in relation to the direction of flow, is from an externally threaded nipple into an internally threaded coupling. The basic dimensions are given in Table 1 while complete detailed dimensions and thread form are given in Tables 2 and 3
Supplier: Dickow Pump Company, Inc.
Description: The side-channel pumps are self-priming and operate more economically (better efficiency) than normal centrifugal pumps, when handling low flows and high heads. Due to these facts, the side-channel pumps are appropriate to solve many pumping problems in industrial processes. They can be used
- Pump Features: Horizontal Orientation, Self-priming
- Media Description: Chemicals
Laboratory Filters - N023211.0CM - Advantec Grade No. 232 Qualitative Filter Paper; 11.0 cm dia.; pack of 100 -- GO-81048-90Supplier: Cole-Parmer
Description: • Manufactured to exacting standards for uniform performance • Retains medium to medium-fine particulates, slow flow rate, smooth, normal hardness Ideal for clarifying and removing precipitates and preparation for qualitative analysis. These papers are made of 100% alpha cotton cellulose
- Filter Type: Filter Paper
Supplier: Bronkhorst USA
Description: a purge connection to eliminate air or gas during start-up. The electronic control function forms part of the normal circuitry in the meter. Alternatively the liquid flow can be controlled using a close-coupled pump.
- Type: Thermal Meter
- Process Media Type: Liquid
- Media Temperature Range: 32 to 158 F
- Mass Flow Rate Range: 9.19E-6 to 0.0037 lbs/min
Description: Badger Meter announces the introduction of the ER-500 Series flow monitor, which provides a flexible and easy-to-use display platform for monitoring flow metrics in the most challenging environments. The durable, NEMA 4X-rated design of the enclosure broadens the applications for Badger Meter
- Process Media Type: Gas, Liquid
- Pipe Diameter: 0.2500 to 3 inch
- Liquid Volumetric Flow Rate: 0.0700 to 185 GPM
- End Fittings: Threaded
Supplier: Rotork plc
Description: valve module maintains the current to the voice coil at its last setpoint. Simultaneously, a high energy pulse closes the solenoid valve, trapping the signal pressure within the signal chamber at the last setpoint. The booster continues to provide its normal forward and exhaust flow
- Working Pressure Range: 40 psi
- Device Category: Transducer
- Pressure Reading: Gauge
- Accuracy: 0.5000 ±% FS
Standards and Technical Documents - AWWA C701-12 Cold-Water Meters -- Turbine Type, for Customer Service (PDF) -- STC_0075646Supplier: American Water Works Association (AWWA)
Description: , horizontal-axis, high-velocity-type turbines characterized by lower head loss and a wider normal operating flow range than class I models. The major revisions to the standard in this edition include the following: Class I meters of the low-velocity, horizontal type are no longer addressed
Standards and Technical Documents - Hydraulic fluid power -- Filter elements -- Verification of collapse/burst pressure rating -- ISO 2941:2009
Description: ISO 2941:2009 specifies a method for verifying the collapse/burst pressure rating of a hydraulic fluid power filter element, i.e. the capability of a filter element to withstand a designated differential pressure at the normal (i.e., intended direction of) flow, by means of pumping contaminated
Description: compared to normal valves. The design is simple and effective. Parallel perforated plates in the ball flow opening smoothen the pressure drop as the flow passes through. This enables gradual pressure reduction over the valve, reducing velocity, noise generation and cavitation.
- Valve Size: 2 to 40 inch
- Number of Ports/Ways: 2
- Metal Seated: Yes
- Valve Type: Ball Valves, Shut Off Valves
Supplier: Chemdet, Inc.
Description: The extended range and outstanding durability of the Thick-Wall SPRAY BALL is made possible by its unique 1/4" (6 MM) wall thickness. EXTENDED RANGE: Each hole drilled through the thick-wall is virtually a nozzle tube, resulting in the jet streams traveling much farther than normal before breaking
Supplier: New Pig Corporation
Description: In normal operation, Self Bailer allows clean rainwater outflow to flow through unrestricted Automatically stops outflow if filter senses a large hydrocarbon leak or if absorbent cartridge is completely saturated with hydrocarbons Fail-safe valve closes as internal SAP absorbent captures
- Maximum Liquid Flow: 42 GPH
- Filter Media Material: Activated Carbon
Supplier: Atos North America
Description: HQ, KQ, and JPQ are flow throttling valves, not compensated, and with check valve to allow free flow in the opposite direction. The flow adjustment is done by turning the setting screw in the normal model. Optional versions with a graduate micrometer knob are available on request. Valves designed
- Valve Size: 0.6299 to 0.9843 inch
- Pressure Rating: 5076 psi
- Number of Ports/Ways: 2
- Media Temperature: -4 to 176 F
Supplier: KROHNE, Inc.
Description: Titanium, Hastelloy or Stainless Steel allow straight tube metering for almost any process. With a full range of meter sizes for low and high flow. High viscosity, particulate matter, inhomogeneous mixtures and normal entrained air have little effect on the accuracy and quality of the measurement
- Type: Coriolis Meter
- Process Media Type: Gas, Liquid, Suspended Solids / Slurries
- Media Temperature Range: -40 to 302 F
- Mass Flow Rate Range: 100 to 15800 lbs/min
Description: Density Stress data output screen captures "normal stress" and "shear stress" values and plots data in graphical format (calculates Mohr Circle Failure Loci). Flow Function curves are automatically calculated and displayed at the end of each test with overlay capability for up to eight different
Supplier: Nex Flow Air Products Corp.
Description: The X-Stream hand vac is the low cost solution to a variety of industrial housekeeping applications. It is a blow gun, a vacuum gun, a collection system and a transfer system in one simple package. The X-Stream hand vac is light weight die cast aluminum and uses less air than a normal blow gun
- Airflow: 13 SCFM
- Vacuum Pressure: -2.17 in Hg vac
- Vacuum Model: Portable / Pedestrian Unit
- Vacuum Producer: Other
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LIQUI-FLOW® Digital Liquid Mass Flow Meters
control is achieved by integrating a control valve onto the body of the Liquid Flow Meter. This control valve has a purge connection to eliminate air or gas during start-up. The electronic control function forms part of the normal circuitry in the meter. Alternatively the liquid flow can be controlled using a close-coupled pump. (read more)
Browse Liquid Flow Meters Datasheets for Bronkhorst USA
Nex Flow Air Products Corp.
NEX FLOW™ Static Bars
the life of the static bars as pins will eventually wear over time. Weak and flimsy pins wear faster. . Nex Flow ™ ’s triple X static bar produces significantly more ions than a normal static bar. In fact, the bar alone without an air knife will remove static at 4 ” from the target on applications such as slitters where you cannot get close. ... (read more)
Browse Static Control Products Datasheets for Nex Flow Air Products Corp.
Flow Technology, Inc.
High Shock Turbine Flow Meters
rotor blades. Stepped housing with pinned internals. Fast speed-of-response. Compact size. Temperature compensation. High turndown capability up to 100:1. Repeatability of ± 0.05%. Linearity of ± 0.5% of reading over normal 10:1 range, with ± 0.1% using FTI linearizing electronics. Choice of bearings available. Offered with SAE Code 62, flared MS, NPT or Grayloc ® end-fittings. Customizable for your application. For additional product details and a specification sheet  ... (read more)
Browse Turbine Flow Meters Datasheets for Flow Technology, Inc.
Pick Heaters Inc.
Pick Constant Flow Direct Steam Injection Heater
The Custom Pick Constant Flow Direct Steam Injection Heater is used wherever a constant flow of heated liquid at precisely controlled temperatures is required. Ideal for heating liquids above normal boiling point, it can handle liquid flow rates up to 5,500 gpm and steam flow rates up to 50,000 lbs/hr. The Constant Flow heater eliminates harmful vibration and steam hammer with smooth, quiet operation within acceptable dBA limits. Applications include reactor vessels, clean in place... (read more)
Browse Steam Injection Heaters Datasheets for Pick Heaters Inc.
Arjay Engineering Ltd.
Open Channel Flow Monitor Model 4100-OCF
a programmed mathematical equation to relate level to flow. The probe within the shield forms a capacitor. As the stream level rises, the air is displaced within this pipe and the capacitance value rises in a proportional manner. Calibration is a simple entry at any two points along the length of the probe. The stream does not have to be dry or full and calibration can take place during the normal stream flowing conditon. Specifications: Monitor: · Enclosure Material and Rating: Type 4X polycrbonate... (read more)
Browse Open Channel Flow Meters Datasheets for Arjay Engineering Ltd.
Mass Flow Measurement of Very Light Materials
increased to twice its normal size. The Versatility of the Meter. The CentriFlow ® LDM retains the versatility of the original CentriFlow ® Meter, is highly customizable and can easily be located in any process. We offer a wide variety of pan liners that will accommodate any application. Visit our website for more information on our many Engineered-To-Order options. (read more)
Browse Solids Flow Meters Datasheets for Eastern Instruments
ER-500 Compact & Easy-to-Use Flow Monitor
interface is 4-20 mA and total pulse, while the advanced interface adds two control alarms and Modbus RTU over RS485 connectivity. Engineered with smart management of power in mind, the ER-500 features extremely low power consumption in normal operating conditions and provides the option for both 4-20 mA loop and battery-power. Users never have to worry about losing power, and the onboard battery will last in excess of six years. Plus, the device can be installed in a remote location and be up... (read more)
Browse Flow Meters Datasheets for Badger Meter
New Filter Regulator Series has high flow capacity
Air Filter Regulator provides pressure regulation and filtration in an integral compact package. It is now available in 1/4" NPT porting for normal operation and 1/2" NPT porting for high flow requirements. The new automatic drain option prevents moisture from being retained in the unit and being carried downstream. The new Type-340 Regulator was designed to provide accurate, constant control under variable flow rates and supply pressures. It is also available in both 1/4" and 1/2" NPT porting... (read more)
Browse Air Pressure Regulators Datasheets for ControlAir Inc.
SVCV Multi-Function Cartridge Valves
they require a 3-way cavity, with the normal inlet at cavity port 3 (valve port 2) and with the outlet at cavity ports 1 and 2 blocked. However, cavity port 2 can be connected as an alternate outlet port, though the pressure drop will be signifi cantly higher from ports 3 to 2. This feature offers manifold design and application flexibility. (read more)
Browse Hydraulic Valves Datasheets for HydraForce, Inc.
VZXF – a Heavy Duty Angle-Seat Valve
is available in Brass, NBR, and PTEF. Sizes range from 1/2 to 2 inches. Normal pressures are PN10 and PN16. Flow rate is Kv 2.8 – 47.5 M3/h. “The new VZ series of valves brings gas and liquid valve solutions to Festo ’s process offerings that already include lines of ball, butterfly, and gate valves and automated controls, ” said Craig Correia, process industry segment manager, Festo. “The fact customers can now come to Festo for a host of process solutions as well... (read more)
Browse Industrial Valves Datasheets for Festo Corporation
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Guide for the Selection, Installation and Maintenance of Silent Check Valves
direction and stop reverse flow. A check valve is expected to operate automatically whenever normal flow ceases and if properly selected it will do this year after year.
6. Advanced sed Commands
is output and the pattern space is cleared. Then a new line is read into the pattern space and control passes back to the top of the script. That is the normal flow of control in a sed script. The scripts in this chapter interrupt or break the normal flow of control for various reasons. They might want
Medical Device Link .
of a coronary stent is in the order of 1.5 -3 mm in diameter and 15 -30 mm in length. Brain stents are much smaller and leg stents are much larger. Once implanted at the site of an arterial lesion, a stent 's role is to keep the blood vessel open and permit the normal flow of blood through the artery
Using a Best Battery Selector for Highly Reliable Engine Starting Applications
based on the principle that current flows from the source of the highest voltage. In a system that has well-matched batteries and cabling, under normal operating conditions two good batteries will each provide about 50% of the total power delivered to the starter. In the case of a partial battery
Why is the microphone pressure reference 2*10**(-5) Pascals?
This seemingly simple question is actually quite fundamental. To answer the question we need to consider sound intensity. Now sound intensity is defined as "the average rate of flow of energy through a unit area normal to the direction of wave propagation". The average rate of flow of energy
Heat-Loss Patterns in National Football League Players as Measured by Infrared Thermography (.pdf)
Football League players. Shunting of blood flow to the pterygoid plexus appears to be a normal compensation for increased body temperature generated by working muscles. Players demonstrated an increase in blood flow by infrared measure while resting on the sidelines. Failure to adequately increase
: the U-tube (or hairpin) type and the straight-tube type. Either type can have either a fixed or removable tube bundle. Removable bundles can be withdrawn from the shell as an assembly for maintenance, but fixed bundles must remain in the shell. A normal rule of thumb is that U-tube exchangers are best
Lens Polishing with I-Scan
Sensor model 5051, shown in the inset of figure 1, measures the forces normal to a stationary part due to hydrodynamic flow. Figure 2 shows a top view and oblique view of the "D" shaped removal "spot," representative of material removal without part rotation.
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Doppler Sonography in Infancy and Childhood
2.2.6 Normal Flow Velocities in the Intracranial Arteries in Healthy Infants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Doppler Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Decreasing the umbilical blood flow and oxygen delivery has little effect on total oxygen consumption until the umbilical blood flow is reduced to 50%±60% of normal flow (Fig. 9.9) [61, 110].
Noninvasive Vascular Diagnosis
Figure 4.12a, b shows how even with normal flow situations using a higher operating frequency can result in less appreciated flow.
Hydrodynamic Instability and Transition to Turbulence
The point is that if the time T0 is large, then there is a real chance that during this time some extraneous disturbances will begin to interfere with the normal flow development and will disrupt the transition process.
Ultrasonography in Vascular Diagnosis
Aliasing should not occur in vessels with normal flow .
Collateral Circulation of the Heart
...the results of a study in 100 patients with entirely (n ¼ 51) or partially (n ¼ 49) normal coronary arteries (i.e. absence of angiographic stenotic lesions), in whom coronary pressure- derived collateral relative to normal flow was obtained in non...
Reduced flow Normal flow Increased flow .
Due to the aperture problem, the only motion measurement in images, whose computation does not require any assumptions about the scene in view, is normal flow --the projection of image motion on the gradient direction.