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Description: Germanium is extracted from germanium bearing zinc ores or from certain coal ores, collecting the flue dusts after the burning process. It can occasionally be found in copper ores. We refine germanium at our facility in the USA.
- Type: Evaporation Material, Sputtering Target
- Bulk Solid (Powder, Granule, Lumps, etc.): Yes
- Materials Processed: Germanium
- Purity: 99.99 %
Description: Advantages of the Indium Sulfamate Bath - One of the easiest plating baths to operate and maintain - Proven formulation, capable of heavy production - Extremely stable operation and long life - Constant plating rate - Operates at room temperature - Wide current density range of operation - High,
- Type: Specialty / Other
- Materials Processed: Specialty / Other
- Purity: 99.99 %
- Applications: Electronics / Microelectronics, Photovoltaic / Solar
Description: To meet the rapidly growing demands to lower cost per watt in the photovoltaic industry, H.C. Starck is actively promoting planar and rotary sputtering targets for thin films PV (TFPV) energy applications.
- Type: Sputtering Target, Sputtering Target - Planar, Sputtering Target - Rotary
- Materials Processed: Molybdenum
- Width / O.D.: 4.92 to 5.31 inch
- Length: 157 inch
Supplier: Umicore Materials
Description: For deposition of transparent conductive oxide layers Rotary ceramic sintered ITO targets for display applications ITO sputtering targets allow deposition of high quality transparent conductive thin films and are manufactured from selected raw materials with high chemical purity resulting
- Type: Sputtering Target
- Material Density (Theoretical): 446 lbs/ft³
- Width / O.D.: 14.76 inch
- Length: 20.87 inch
Supplier: Materion Corporation
Description: Materion Large Area Coatings manufactures precision, clear, low-resistance films for the thin film photovoltaic, flexible electronics and display industries. Our film’s optical clarity and low resistance provides optimum efficiency and high light transmission. This series of films can
Supplier: IHS Product Design
Description: OUTLINE OF INVESTIGATION FOR DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM OPERATING TEMPERATURE RATING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) BACKSHEET MATERIALS
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometers - High Performance X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) Measuring Instrument -- FISCHERSCOPE® X-RAY XUV® 773Supplier: Fischer Technology, Inc.
Description: materials analysis and forensics Non-destructive gemstone analysis Photovoltaic industry
- Module Type: Energy Dispersive
- Measurement Mode: Simultaneous
- Detector Type: Other
- Excitation Source: X-Ray Tubes
Standards and Technical Documents - Solar energy -- Reference solar spectral irradiance at the ground at different receiving conditions -- Part 1: Direct normal and hemispherical solar irradiance for air mass 1,5 -- ISO 9845-1:1992
Description: Provides an appropriate standard spectral irradiance distribution to be used in determining relative performance of solar thermal, photovoltaic, and other system components and materials where the direct and hemispherical irradiance component is desired. The tables presented define an air mass 1,5
Description: in copper-indium-gallium-diselenide (CIGS) photovoltaic solar cells, where it replaces the toxic material cadmium sulfide. Indium sulfide is available in 4N and 5N degrees of purity, and as a powder or compressed pellets.
- Ionic Component: Other Metals (Al, In, Sn, Pb, etc.)
- Non-Metal Compounds: All Non-Metals, Sulfides
- State of Matter: Powder
- Purity: 99.99 %
Description: From the world leader in electronics soldering materials solutions, ALPHA® PV Ribbon is manufactured using high purity copper, softened as required, coated on all four sides with a uniform thickness of electronics grade solder then finished using high precision spooling. ALPHA® PV Ribbon
- Alloy: Tin-Lead (Sn-Pb), Tin-Silver (Sn-Ag)
- Lead Free: Yes
- Form / Shape: Other
- Approvals / Conformance: DIN
Technical Courses and Programs - Design, Analysis and Fabrication of Composite Structure, Energy and Machine Applications -- PD567Supplier: ASME Training & Development
Description: , power modules, plasma displays, printed circuit boards, heat sinks, laser diode, LED and photovoltaic packaging. Composites include a wide range of polymeric, metallic, ceramic and carbon materials having both high and low-temperature capabilities. You Will Learn To • Understand
- Type: Course
- Modality: Off Site (Conference / Seminar)
- Industry: Building / Construction, Nuclear / Utility
- Technology / Subject: Design / Engineering Methods (ESDU, DFx, etc.)
Supplier: Epoxy Technology
Description: A two component, electrically conductive, epoxy adhesive designed for solar ribbon bonding of photovoltaic modules. It provides the electrical back-contact for ribbon stringing of solar cells into modules and panels.
- Material Type: Grease / Paste
- Industry: Other
- Features: Electrically Conductive
- Chemical / Polymer System Type: Epoxy (EP)
Supplier: Grainger Industrial Supply
Description: Lavatory System, Three Station Sink, Material of Construction Terreon(R), Mystic Moss Color, Ndite Photovoltaic Infrared Operation Type, People Served 3, Operating PSI Range 20-80, Flow Rate 0.5 GPM, Water Connection 1/2 In, Connection Drain 2 In, Drain Type Standard P-Trap, Volts Type 6VDC
Standards and Technical Documents - SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ROOFTOP-INSTALLATION BEST PRACTICES GUIDELINE -- CSA SPE-900Supplier: CSA Group
Description: or pitched roofs. While the focus is on rooftop-mounted systems, some of the principles described herein can be applied to photovoltaic systems mounted to facades, carports, awnings, sound barriers, and other building structures. This guideline will also examine different roofing materials and systems
Supplier: Grainger Industrial Supply
Description: Fuse, Photovoltaic, Class Midget, Series HP10M, Voltage Rating 1000VDC, Fuse Amps 1, No, Single Element, GMG Body Material, Interrupt Rating 10,000A, Length 1-1/2 In., Diameter 13/32 In., StandardsUL 2579 Listed, CSA Certified, IEC G0269-6 Approved
- Fuse Type: Protective
- Voltage Rating: 1000 volts
- Current Rating: 1 amps
- Approvals / Standards: UL Approval, CSA Certification, IEC (UMF) Approval
Standards and Technical Documents - Thin-film terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval -- IEC 61646:2008
Description: IEC 61646:2008 lays down requirements for the design qualification and type approval of terrestrial, thin-film photovoltaic modules suitable for long-term operation in general open-air climates as defined in IEC 60721-2-1. This standard applies to all terrestrial flat plate module materials
Description: The Fortibond™ technology was specifically designed for LED manufacturers that require pressureless sintering in their die attach process. It is based on Alpha’s proprietary pressure-less silver sintering technology consisting of highly engineered silver particles. Fortibond™ is
- Thick Film Type: Conductor
- Material Type: Silver / Silver Alloy
- Thermal Conductivity: 135 W/m-K
- Process Temperature: 356 to 392 F
Description: and the materials sciences. The journal publishes articles that connect this science base to PV science and technology. The intent is to publish original research results that are of primary interest to the photovoltaic specialist. The scope of the IEEE J. Photovoltaics incorporates: fundamentals and new
Supplier: Saint-Gobain Oil & Gas
Description: Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics COHRlastic® 9260PV is designed specifically for photovoltaic panel lamination. It is a high performance 60 durometer (Shore A) solid silicone rubber manufactured, without seams, up to 2.85m wide in continuous length rolls. This material offers the benefits
Supplier: Panduit Corp.
Description: Solar label, 2.0" H x 4.0" W (50.8mm x 101.6mm), warning header, 'Electrical shock hazard the dc conductors of this photovoltaic system are ungrounded and may be energized' (legend), polyester adhesive, white/red, 50 labels/roll, 50 roll/package.
- Type: Electrical / High Voltage, HAZMAT (Hazardous Material)
- Backing / Base: Plastic / Film
- Width: 101600 µm
- Height: 2 inch
Supplier: Linde North America, Inc.
Description: . Its products support the photovoltaic wet process solutions for saw damage repair, surface texturization, surface cleaning and PSG removal and edge isolation. Manufacturing is located in Shanghai, China and Taiwan and AUECC products are distributed globally. Although requirements vary from one
- Carboxylic Acids: All Carboxylic Acids, Acetic Acid
- Alcohols: All Alcohols, Ethanol, Isopropanol, Ethylene Glycol
- Type: Acid, Base, Solvent
- State of Matter: Gas
Supplier: Asahi/America, Inc.
Description: for electroplating industries and clean chemistry applications such as photovoltaic and semiconductor processes, Polytetra heat exchangers are available in a variety of designs and sizes. Features & Benefits Thin wall tubing made from specially matched resins to fit Asahi Piping Systems Heating/Cooling media
- Applications: Chemical Processing
- Type: Shell and Tube
- Primary Exchanger Material: Other
- Connection Type: Metric
Supplier: Excelitas Technologies Corp.
Description: Excelitas is a leader in the design and manufacture of electron beam power supplies for a variety of industrial applications including: Materials processing (adhesives, ink and polymer curing, evaporation, sterilization, machining, pollution abatement) Welding Semiconductor manufacturing
- Style / Mounting: Enclosed
Supplier: TCI America
Description: Bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene [Organic Electronic Material] / BEDT-TTF Photovoltaic power generation has attracted much attention for the mitigation options of climate change and as an alternative energy source. Dye-sensitized solar cells and organic thin-fi lm solar cells are lightweight
Supplier: Materion Corporation
Description: Materion Advanced Chemicals manufactures specialty inorganic chemicals to meet the individual specifications and requested compositions of the photovoltaic solar market. With total quality control and a flexible manufacturing environment, materials produced meet custom applications and support
- Inorganic Compounds: Bio-Inorganic Compounds
- Halogenated Compounds: All Halogens
- Non-Metal Compounds: All Non-Metals, Carbides, Oxides, Phosphides
- Metalloids: All Metalloids, Borides, Tellurides
Supplier: Morgan Advanced Materials
Description: Focusing on the needs of industries such as aerospace, semiconductor and photovoltaic, metallurgical, optical fiber manufacturing, glass processing and ceramics, Morgan AM&T has developed a wide range of carbon and graphite felt and cloth materials unequalled in performance. Carbon and graphite
- Material Type: Carbon / Graphite
- Applications: Other
Supplier: Metalor Technologies USA Corporation
Description: Based on our proprietary and leading technology in precious metal powders and flakes, we develop and produce screen-printing pastes for rear-side and front-side metallization of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells. In collaboration with leading photovoltaic (PV) producers and research institutes
- Compound Type: Electrically Conductive
Supplier: ExxonMobil Chemical Company
Description: , footwear and car interiors. Escorene Ultra EVA is the base polymer in many adhesion resin formulations. Outstanding compounding makes it a material of choice for use in wire and cable. High transparency is a key attribute for photovoltaic cell encapsulation.
- Process Type: Film Grade Resin, Molding Resin
- Filler Material: Unfilled
- Industry: Industrial, Medical / Food (FDA)
- Melt Flow Index (MFI): 0.1900 to 25 g / 10 minutes
Supplier: Tethis S.r.l.
Description: spray pyrolysis allows the production of a broad range of nanomaterials without major process changes or adjustments; these materials include for instance metal oxides, carbonates, phosphates, titanates. FlameBeam system is well suited for covering large areas, as for solar cell applications
- Coating System Type: Batch System (Single Chamber / Multiple Wafers), Laboratory / Benchtop
- Technology / Process: Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD)
- CVD Processes: Other
- Applications & Materials Processed: Photovoltaic / Solar, Medical, Nanomaterials, Other
Supplier: Georgia-Pacific Corporation
Description: water barriers. This fiberglass mat gypsum roof board is ideal as a component in sustainable, energy-efficient photovoltaic (solar), vegetative and cool roofing systems. DensDeck DuraGuard roof boards are manufactured in many locations across the United States and Canada, and may contribute
- Skin Type: Concrete / Fiber Cement
- Core Type: Fiberboard / Particle Board
- Application: Building & Construction
Supplier: Carestream Tollcoating
Description: CARESTREAM TOLLCOATING provides contract coating services to help youbring your products to market. We specialize in the application of aqueous andsolvent coatings on flexible substrates for display, battery, electronic,imaging, photovoltaic and other high tech markets. Carestream Tollcoatingbuilds
- Run / Batch Size: Laboratory / Benchtop Scale, Pilot Scale, Production Lots / Field Scale
- Location: North America, United States Only, Northwest US Only
Supplier: Hubbard-Hall Inc.
Description: Partnering with the leading suppliers of high purity advanced materials, Hubbard-Hall distributes the broadest line of semiconductor grade wet process chemicals in the Northeast. Purities range from standard Class 10 (SEMI) to parts-per-trillion (PPT) level Product range includes acids, solvents
- All Heterocyclic Arenes: All Heterocyclic Arenes
- Type: Solvent
Supplier: VAT, Inc.
Description: Area of application: Transfer door for Flat Panel Display and Thin Film Photovoltaic production systems. The large L-VAT door is designed for use at atmospheric side of the in or out coming chamber (load lock) of a system. Description: The key features of the large L-VAT door technology
- Vacuum Component Type: Door
- Vacuum / Pressure Range: Rough / Low (< 760, > 1 torr)
- Operating / Bake-out Temperature: 302 F
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Featured Products Top
Photovoltaic Wire and Solar Cable
Alpha Wire's new solar cables and photovoltaic wire are designed for the harsh environments of solar energy applications-the hot and cold of climate extremes, ozone and UV radiation, moisture, oil, and direct burial. The cables use a specially formulated PVC jacket to provide years of reliable service by withstanding the potential environments without failing or degrading. "Solar applications demand wire and cable with maximum reliability and flexibility," said Konstantin Khitrik, Product... (read more)
Browse Multiconductor Cables Datasheets for Alpha Wire
H.C. Starck Inc. - Fabricated Products Group
Molybdenum Sputtering Targets for Photovoltaic
Molybdenum Sputtering Targets for Photovoltaic (Renewable Energy). To meet the rapidly growing demands to lower cost per watt in the photovoltaic industry, H.C. Starck is actively promoting planar and rotary sputtering targets for thin films PV (TFPV) energy applications. Focusing on CIGS, a-Si (amorphous silicon) and CdTe thin films solar module manufacturers, H.C. Starck has been developing and successfully producing custom sputtering targets in molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni) based alloys... (read more)
Browse Molybdenum and Molybdenum Alloys Datasheets for H.C. Starck Inc. - Fabricated Products Group
Saint-Gobain Plastic Films and Tapes
Advanced Films Material Options for PV Modules
Saint-Gobain Solar offers its LightSwitchTM portfolio of solutions for photovoltaic modules. As renewable energy becomes a global priority, Saint-Gobain Solar offers LightSwitch ™, a comprehensive portfolio of solutions which includes innovative fluoropolymer films, module design program and services. LightSwitch solutions are designed to help our customers develop lightweight photovoltaic modules that provide the desired cost, performance, and durability benefits. At Saint-Gobain Solar... (read more)
Browse Datasheets for Saint-Gobain Plastic Films and Tapes
MINTEQ® International Inc, Pyrogenics Group
Pyroid® Material Enables Holy Grail of Memory
life. More precise beam focus. Results: Increased productivity. Lower maintenance. and saving costs from production down time. Using Pyroid ® Pyrolytic Graphite ensures uniform heat distribution resulting in superior quality and increased productivity for current and next generation semiconductor and photovoltaic manufacturing processes. For Details or Samples. 484-541-7090... (read more)
Browse Finishing and Surface Treatment Services Datasheets for MINTEQ® International Inc, Pyrogenics Group
Solar Materials - CIG Alloy Sputtering Targets
. Other Options. • Absorber layer targets: CuGa, CuIn, and In. • Other common target materials: InSn, InSnO, Sn, SnO, and InZn. • Custom alloys are also available. Use the links below to learn more about. Application Notes. In Depth Technical Papers on Solar Materials. Indium Corporation is a premier materials supplier to the global electronics assembly, semiconductor fabrication and packaging, solar photovoltaic, and thermal management markets. Founded in 1934, the company offers... (read more)
Browse Thin Film Materials Datasheets for Indium Corporation
NEW HP10J HELIOPROTECTION FUSE
Mersen (formerly Ferraz Shawmut) is pleased to announce the launch of the newest and most efficient UL 2579 listed photovoltaic fuse – the HP10J, an exciting addition to the existing HelioProtection ® fuse line, which already includes the HP6M, HP10M, and HP6J. The new HP10J photovoltaic fuse line provides superior overcurrent protection at the re-combiner box and inverter levels and covers applications ranging from 70A to 400A, 1000VDC. The enhanced fuse construction... (read more)
Browse Photovoltaic (PV) / Solar String Monitors Datasheets for Mersen
MINTEQ® International Inc, Pyrogenics Group
Pyrolytic Graphite for the Glass Industry
Ideal for all types of glass including: Soda-lime. Borosilicate. Lead Glass. Aluminosilicate glass. Fused silica. Found in such applications as: Fine stemware. Pharmaceutical packaging. Microscopy. LED. Photovoltaic. Specialty glass tubing... (read more)
Browse Carbon, Graphite, and Diamond Materials Datasheets for MINTEQ® International Inc, Pyrogenics Group
OMG Electronic Chemicals, LLC
OMG Products for Renewable Energy
. Our products are used in the production process of silicon Photovoltaic cell. Photovoltaic Industry - Electronic Chemicals... (read more)
Browse Plating Chemicals and Anodizing Chemicals Datasheets for OMG Electronic Chemicals, LLC
New High Purity Polypropylene Piping System
pipe sizes typically required in new semiconductor and photovoltaic manufacturing plants. PP-Pure ™ is available in 150 psi pressure rating (SDR 11) and offers a complete range of fittings and valves. Polypropylene is an extremely easy material to install due to its light weight and high weld ability. For systems requiring stringent purity, PP-Pure ™ can utilize the cutting edge technology of Asahi/America's SP Series IR fusion equipment, which features a fully automated welding process... (read more)
Browse Piping Systems Datasheets for Asahi/America, Inc.
MTI Instruments Inc.
Solar Wafer Thickness Tool from MTI
Solar Wafer Thickness Tool from MTI. The PV-1000 is a High speed, multi-channel thickness, TTV and bow measurement module for in-process monitoring of solar/photovoltaic wafers and other materials. Outstanding accuracy, repeatability and stability are the hallmarks of MTI Instruments' non-contact measurement systems. The new PV-1000 series brings our 40+ years of precision measurement experience to a line of products specifically for the photovoltaic industry. Ideal for both process development... (read more)
Browse Semiconductor Metrology Instruments Datasheets for MTI Instruments Inc.
Conduct Research Top
Silicone Rubber Thermal Interface Materials: Applications and Performance Considerations
is demanded for 30 years or more. Transistor and photovoltaic applications are discussed and two new silicone thermal interface materials for use as pad or adhesives are present and compared to current offsets.
Still Going Green: A New Energy Resource Produced for Commercial Use
visible light sources, not just sunlight. The next-generation photovoltaic material produces electricity through a process that is roughly analogous to photosynthesis in plants. DSSC modules are manufactured by printing a thin layer of titanium dioxide onto a layer of film and then, through the use
Particle Size and Shape Analysis of Abrasives in Solar Industry (.pdf)
The photovoltaic effect is the ability of certain materials, particularly semi-conductors, to transform luminous energy into electricity. Since last five years, the need of photovoltaic cells is growing. Photovoltaic cells or solar cells are made from a crystalline or amorphous material, either
Difficult Site Challenges (.pdf)
Deployment of a remote site photovoltaic (PV) system is a challenging prospect. Deployment involves site preparation, transportation of materials and labor, and the installation and commissioning of the system. Often this is done in poor weather conditions such as wind, rain, cold and hot
Microstructural Characterization of Thin Film Photovoltaics using Electron Backscatter Diffraction (.pdf)
photovoltaic (PV) materials that convert sunlight into useable electrical energy. PV production has demonstrated significant growth rates, and this growth is expected to continue.
Thin Film Analysis- Techniques & Methods
Thin film analysis continues to play an important role in semiconductor, photovoltaic, disk drive and other high-tech manufacturing. From surface morphology to high resolution depth profiling, manufacturers require analytical data to evaluate their process and modify processes to improve yield
Chipmakers Put PV in the Spotlight
, eliminating many of the high-energy and equipment-intensive processes typical of conventional photovoltaic manufacturing. IBM Research into PV concentrates on four main areas: using current technologies to develop cheaper and more-efficient silicon solar cells, developing new thin-film PV devices
Combining Barrier Technology with other Important Properties in Flexible Electronics
For at least fifty years, the semiconductor and photovoltaic (PV) industries have harnessed quantum effects and manipulated electrons to produce technologies that once would have been considered miraculous. This includes all conventional electronics as well as flexible and printed electronics
More Information Top
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program 2007 Annual Report
...period of performance (POP) the research at the University of Delaware from the contract “Novel High Efficiency Photo- voltaic Devices Based on the III-N Material System�? demonstrated the feasibility of the III- nitrides as a photovoltaic material , including demonstrating high-efficiency...
Organic Photovoltaics: Materials Device Physics and Manufacturing Technologies
For the design of photovoltaic materials , however, it is sufficient to appreciate that the bandgap can be significantly raised from its bulk value in quantum-con�?ned systems of dimensions below about 5 nm and that these effects are particularly strong in semiconductors...
Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanomaterials
2 Electron Microscopy of Thin Film Inorganic and Organic Photovoltaic Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Proceedings of ISES World Congress 2007 (Vol. I – Vol. V)
3) J.Wu, W.Walukiewicz, K.M.Yu, W.Shan, J.W.Ageret, E.E.Haller, Hai Lu and William J. Schaff, “Superior radiation resistance of InGaN alloy: Full-solar-spectrum photovoltaic material system�?, J. Appl. Phys. 2003, 94: p.6477 (4...
Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems - Chapter 8 Photovoltaic Materials and Electrical Characteristics
Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems - Chapter 8 Photovoltaic Materials and Electrical Characteristics .
Status of Nonsilicon Photovoltaic Solar Cell Research
First of all, silicon with a bandgap of 1.1 eV is not the optimum photovoltaic material based on theo- retical conversion efficiency.
Proceedings of the 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting
Defects in Photovoltaic Materials and the Origin of Failure to Dope Them ...........................................111 A.
Program—Symposium E | 2014 MRS Spring Meeting | San Francisco
▪ Program—Symposium H: Defect Engineering in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Materials .