GlobalSpec has asked its users about the latest design trends and features related to Industrial Pipe. They have also shared their product applications and tips on how to buy and use these products.
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Q:
What are some of the applications you have used industrial pipe for?
60 answers
Answers:
Transportation and distribution of products: Subsea or offshore piping (oil & gas), onshore pipelines (oil & gas), principal process piping in refineries, production offshore facilities and generation power plants (steam, condensate, steam tracing, gas, oil, gasoil, chemicals, demineralized water, cooling water, fuel oils, fire water, potable and service water, etc), auxiliary services in refineries, offshore facilities and generation power plants (air, water, lubricant oil, N2, chemicals injection, sewage, drains, effluents, water treatment, etc)
~Alfredo R, Engineering Consultant, Maracaibo, Venezuela
Pipe manifolds for water pumps from 1 MGD up to 10 MGD. I've worked in refineries running pipe manifolds for Furnaces, Heat Exchangers, Fire protection using both fresh and salt water. I've been in the Boilermaker, Pipe fitter, Welder trade for over 30 Years. And have done many many jobs involving Industrial pipe.
~Manufacturing, Pinole, CA
Pipelines oil & gas, Oil refineries process piping. Coal Fired / Nuclear power plants - process piping - main steam - boilers etc. Semi-conductor, process (gases) & other systems. Hospital & large commercial blds - heating & cooling
~Joe M, Project Manager, Hillsboro, OR
All our Architectural Tension Membrane structures are made using structural pipe (or CHS sections). Many joints are designed using state-of-the-art methods still being developed overseas, usually for off-shore structures, so it is highly specialised. Not like the common garden-variety standardised structural connections for steel-framed buildings.
~Steve H, Design Engineer, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Cryogenic and gaseous hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, helium, air systems; steam systems; water systems; hydrogen peroxide systems; hydrocarbon fuel systems for operation of rocket engine ground testing facilities
~Larry D, Design Engineer, Slidell, LA
I am the proprietor of an engineering merchants and have handled all classes of industrial pipe for commercial clients in the power and water industry, and hospitals, dairies, breweries, etc.
~Engineers merchant, Laxey, United Kingdom
Air lines, water lines, sprinkler lines, hydraulic lines, inert gas lines, combustible gas lines, structural components in various types of industrial equipment and other fabrications
~Bruce C., Facilities Manager, Newton, NC
Oil, air, gas, steam process and heat, fly ash, water, vacuum forming, vacuum transmission of solids, radiant heat, sewage, structural supports, ornamental, vehicular frames.
~Chuck L., Des/engr, Paso Robles, CA
Transferring of cold water in a ship, transferring of compressed air in a ship, transferring of fuel in a ship. Transferring of chill water in a chill tower.
~Engineering, Design, Cartagena, Colombia
In power station for the following systems : - Feed water system - H.P. , L.P. & Medium Pressure Systems . - H.F.Oil,Gas Oil &fuel Gas Systems
~Engineering, Process/Production, Jordan, Jordan
Process piping in the pulp and paper industry, process piping in cheese plants, steam, condensate and cooling water in power plants etc.
~Mike C, Project Manager, Culver, OR
Huge wind sail poles for some clients. Another client uses pipe throughout the world for Reverse Osmosis units.
~General Corporate Mgmt, New Port Richey, FL
Fire protection applications, wet, dry, pre-action, and foam systems . Installation inspection, and estimating.
~Anthony B, Sales / Estimating, Albuq., NM
We utilize piping in our mill to carry effluent water, steam and condensate. We have issues with degradation.
~Engineering, Process/Production, Becker, MN
Paper processes from power plant ,chemical, process and waste, such as blow lines for chips and bark.
~Purchasing, Columbia, MS
Waste water plants, Drinking water plants, sludge plants, gas plants, oil and gas installation.
~Engineering, Design, Manchester, Great Britain
Pipework in process plants and refinery. Gasoline and ammonia transportation pipelines.
~Engineering, Design, POINTE-A-PIERRE, Trinidad and Tobago
Column supports, structural stays, piping systems [of cause] lifting booms etc...
~Nelson, New Zealand
Usually used for conduit in heavy steel fabrications, bracing, lifting etc.
~Len M, Estimator, Tilbury, Canada
Test facility for experiments into combustion and detonation studies.
~Engineering, Design, Ottawa, Canada
Air line circuits / Fuel depots / recommendations for pump systems.
~Technical Support/Services, Church Crookham, Great Britain
Hot & cold water lines slurry lines corrosive chemical lines
~Yosi B, Technical Support, Golan Plastic, Israel
Packaging, transportation, & hauling of the Industrial Pipe.
~Marketing/Sales, Cheyenne, WY
Power Generation Pulp and Paper Pharmauceuticals Chemical
~Thomas B, Marketing/Sales, Syracuse, NY
Petroleum product storage Allied petroleum product storage
~Patrick L, Regulator, Montreal, Canada
Oil & Gas processes, Steam & high pressure water systems.
~Dennis B., Project Manager, Edmonton, Canada
Wastewater treatment plants, power generation plants
~Brenda Hazledine, Purchaser, St Paul, MN
Transmission and distribution gas pipeline systems.
~Pipeline Engineer, Vancouver, Canada
Flow lines, steam lines, discharge lines,,,etc....
~Arthur H, Operations Superintendent, Newcastle, WY
Steam, hydronic, HVAC and structural applications.
~Tom Q, Facilities Manager, Media, PA
In oil field piping work and construction work.
~Project Management, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Steam, water, multitude of chemicals, slurries.
~Senior Technical Advisor - Piping, Birmingham, AL
Cooling Water Lines / Process piping & tubing
~Engineering, Design, Mississauga, Canada
Construction of Municipal water storage tanks
~Purchasing, Wakefield, MA
Hotel,oil & gas, combined cycle power plant.
~Metall Ooilywon, Engineering Consultant, Sungei belaga, Malaysia
Process piping, fire water, instrument air.
~B M, Quality Control, Vadodara, India
Gas/water pipeline. Study waste pipeline.
~Architect/Builder/Contractor, Palmela, Portugal
Oil & Gas and Petrochemical Industries.
~Engineering, Design, Calgary, Canada
Boilers, support columns and handrails.
~Larry F, Sr. design tech, Lincoln, NE
Chemicals, water, refrigeration, etc...
~Angel V, Facilities Manager, Sabanetas, Ponce
Fossil and Nuclear Power Generation.
~Engineering, Design, Pickering, Canada
Steam, hydrocarbons, utilities.
~Robbie N, Piping Superintendent, Walnut Creek, CA
Water, Pressed Air & LPG Gas.
~Engineering, Consulting, Abudhaby, United Arab Emirates
Oil and Gas, Pulp and Paper.
~Engineering, Consulting, Midway, Canada
Steam and process piping.
~Ravindra J, Engineer, Pasir Gudang, Malaysia
Clean water for drinking
~Dhia Alwan, General Management, Stockholm, Sweden
Gas trains, water trains.
~Engineering, Consulting, Royal Oak, MI
Mining and Petrochemical.
~Alfredo A, Design Engineer, Lima, Peru
Drinking water, drainage.
~Engineering, Other, Gazi pur, Bangladesh
Power, chem
~Technical Support/Services, Cincinnati, OH
Flow water and steam
~Nicola T., Design Engineer, Trento, Italy
Refineries, pipelines
~Engineering, Design, Emeryville, CA
Hydraulic actuators
~Research & Development, Moe, Australia
Oil & gas process
~Adli S, Technical Support, Batam, Indonesia
Desalination
~Dan P, Engineer, Sede Boker, Israel
Water supply
~Engineering, Design, Ratmalana, Sri Lanka
Water supply
~Engineering, Consulting, Peje, Serbia-Montenegro
Oil and Gas
~Eduardo Q., Engineer, Campinas, Brazil
Waste water
~Dragan Selmic, Marketing/Sales, Belgrade, Serbia
Oil ink
~Engineering, Process/Production, Leicester, Great Britain

Top
Q:
Please share with us any “non-standard” applications that industrial pipe has been used for.
22 answers
Answers:
Everything we do. That's my problem. Recently a large cable-net structure supporting aluminum panels. Structural frame was made from 273mm and 323mm diam grade 350MPa steel CHS (pipe) carrying axial loads, both in-plane and out-of-plane moments, shear and high torsional forces. Designing these connections was a nightmare!
~Steve H, Design Engineer, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Rocket engine ground test stand propellant run systems, purge gas, and coolant systems; including flight weight special test equipment pipe spools. Test stand flame deflector coolant water supply systems.
~Larry D, Design Engineer, Slidell, LA
Reusing piping for traffic advertising or advices and ornamentation, flow water below both sides of roads, structures and structural supports, accessories for lifting loads, ship parts constructions.
~Alfredo R, Engineering Consultant, Maracaibo, Venezuela
Industrial pipe has been used for non-pressure containing applications such as light poles, flag poles and ornamental iron works.
~Robbie N, Piping Superintendent, Walnut Creek, CA
Circuits involving high pressure, high temperature, high corrosive fluids and high speed & high volume flow.
~Eduardo Q., Engineer, Campinas, Brazil
Structural supports or members in a wide variety of industrial equipment, supports for greenhouses.
~Bruce C., Facilities Manager, Newton, NC
Moving heavy equipment in confined spaces; "cattle gaps"; fences & fence post; culverts.
~Purchasing, Columbia, MS
WE have also used pipe for coolant troughs by splitting them lengthwise.
~Len M, Estimator, Tilbury, Canada
Slurry, high temp in synthetic diamond making, toxic tailing.
~Engineering, Design, Calgary, Canada
Secondary containment of above ground petroleum piping.
~Patrick L, Regulator, Montreal, Canada
Not so sure, but sometimes for structural purposes!!
~B M, Quality Control, Vadodara, India
Acid (H2S) pipe is not normal to find it locally.
~Angel V, Facilities Manager, Sabanetas, Ponce
Our favorite was a turbo intercooler system.
~Engineers merchant, Laxey, United Kingdom
Guard rails, supports, framing shop building.
~Arthur H, Operations Superintendent, Newcastle, WY
Stairs, decorative piping. ( Art )
~Anthony B, Sales / Estimating, Albuq., NM
Putter holder for the golf course.
~Joe M, Project Manager, Hillsboro, OR
Concentric sulphuric acid 96-98 %
~Dragan Selmic, Marketing/Sales, Belgrade, Serbia
Collars as a flexible couplings.
~Mohamed alaa el-din B, Technical Support, Rayadyha, Saudi Arabia
Boreholes & dewatering lines.
~Yosi B, Technical Support, Golan Plastic, Israel
Active truck suspensions.
~Research & Development, Moe, Australia
For permanent formwork.
~Architect/Builder/Contractor, Palmela, Portugal
A garden statue
~Dan P, Engineer, Sede Boker, Israel

Top
Q:
Do you know of any disastrous mistakes that occurred due to the incorrect usage of industrial pipe?
20 answers
Answers:
Failure of system due to not sufficiently accounting for thrusts from discharging fluids or velocity changes through valves or other sudden flow area changes. Testing of valve controls with system still pressurized led to a major event where a run tank relief valve was severely damaged causing six month delay in getting ready for program tests. Disconnecting clamped connectors without assuring line was depressurized caused a serious injury (fortunately no one was killed). Not accounting for displacements or normal misalignments when designing mechanically sealed joints causing major test program delays.
~Larry D, Design Engineer, Slidell, LA
I would not call it a disaster, but I was involved with a re-tubing of a high pressure boiler on a naval ship where a new process of welding was introduced. Although the welders were versed in the technology, other trades did not put a great deal of emphasis on cleanliness in the fabrication technology. Caused quite an embarrassment and a lot of money to do the job over.
~Tom Q, Facilities Manager, Media, PA
Using black pipe for water lines, or intermixing galvanized and black pipe in the same pipe run. Like any industrial product, there are correct and incorrect ways to apply industrial pipe. Don't assume you know the way it should be; make sure you either know or rely on someone who does.
~Bruce C., Facilities Manager, Newton, NC
Yes, in the assembly welding of a critical stainless steel pipeline the root welding of the joints was made of common carbon steel and covered with the proper stainless steel subsequent welding steps. During the trial operation tests it was identified, causing the scraping of whole line.
~Eduardo Q., Engineer, Campinas, Brazil
Yes, due to select schedules not according to design pressure and temperature and fluid handling, imperfections in schedules respect to standards, defects in piping, welding defects, stressed design, etc...
~Alfredo R, Engineering Consultant, Maracaibo, Venezuela
Severe corrosion due to low grade stainless steel caused a harsh accident in a desalination plant in south of Israel getting them to replace to a higher grade.
~Dan P, Engineer, Sede Boker, Israel
Not disastrous, but we have learned lesson from the mistakes like not using GI pipe for compressed instrument air or using MS pipe for fatty acid.
~Ravindra J, Engineer, Pasir Gudang, Malaysia
Since sulphuric acid with changing concentration - changing corrosivity pipe material should be not resistant anymore.
~Dragan Selmic, Marketing/Sales, Belgrade, Serbia
Boiler exploding, oil refineries exploding, systems leaking, damaged equipment. In some cases injury & loss of life.
~Joe M, Project Manager, Hillsboro, OR
Incorrect material selection resulting in catastrophic failure. Incorrect schedule selection resulting in failure.
~Dennis B., Project Manager, Edmonton, Canada
We have experienced when we do commissioning test, pipe spoilt cause of use normalize pipe instead of quench pipe.
~Adli S, Technical Support, Batam, Indonesia
Double-walled piping that did not take into account expansion-contraction due to temperature fluctuations.
~Patrick L, Regulator, Montreal, Canada
Yes, I have seen some catastrophic failures which are result of wrong material being installed.
~Robbie N, Piping Superintendent, Walnut Creek, CA
Foreign objects not removed before assembly plugged pump strainer to disable cooling system.
~Chuck L., Des/engr, Paso Robles, CA
Lower grade pipe being used in lieu of higher grade. (C200, C350, etc)
~Steve H, Design Engineer, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Many, e.g. 400 bar of air through bs1387 tube. the bang was very loud.
~Engineers merchant, Laxey, United Kingdom
We all need to install piping per manufacturer's recommendations.
~Anthony B, Sales / Estimating, Albuq., NM
Corrosive damages that lead to premature failures
~Yosi B, Technical Support, Golan Plastic, Israel
Poor fit up and pipe failure.
~Senior Technical Advisor - Piping, Birmingham, AL
Leakage in pipes.
~Angel V, Facilities Manager, Sabanetas, Ponce

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