GlobalSpec has asked its users about the latest design trends and features related to Storage Tanks and Process Tanks. They have also shared their product applications and tips on how to buy and use these products.
See the entire survey


Q:
What are some of the applications you have used storage tanks and process tanks for?
37 answers
Answers:
API Petroleum product storage tank (Both refineries and terminals) API Standard Tanks for chemical storage (terminals and chemical plants) ASME Sect VIII for LPG storage in refineries ASME Sect VIII air receivers Bolted lined tanks for water usage FRP chemical storage tanks FRP and Carbon Steel underground storage tanks
~Hugh B, Engineering Consultant, Montreal, Canada
Old scuba tanks store H2 very well @ 2800 lbs, shoot them with 357 magnums, drop them in car trunks from 70+ feet, 80 mph rear end them in parked cars, providing they are attached well there is nothing to fear except the valves breaking off depending on their location.
~Other, Oceanport, NJ
Chemical Feed Systems Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems Sodium Hypochlorite Bulk Storage Sulfuric Acid Bulk Storage HCl Bulk Storage Caustic Bulk Storage CIP Chemical Storage Membrane and R/O Bulk Storage
~Jim G, Manufacturer, Denver, CO
Production / storage of crude oil, production / storage of polysterin, Recovery of methyl-ethyl-ketone from polystyrene plant.
~Ini D, Oil field chemist, PortHarcourt., Nigeria
Bulk storage of fuels, base oils and process tanks for running boiler, fire engine and standby generator
~Washalla B, Engineer, Mombasa, Kenya
Above ground fuel storage tanks 20,000,000 - 50,000,000 liters. Double walled steel tanker.
~Marketing/Sales, Centurion, South Africa
Formaldehyde storage, methanol storage, phenol storage, high pressure water heating tanks
~Edgardo T, Project Manager, Cartagena, Colombia
CEMENT, ASPHALT, TRANSPORTATION (DRY BULK TRAILER , TANK TRAILER IN DIFFERENT CAPACITIES)
~GUSTAVO RICO, Engineer, MONTERREY, MEXICO
Propane for heating&cooling, solar panel storage for hot water, recycling of water.
~Research & Development, Epanomi Thessaloniki, Greece
Dairy Industry Wine cellars Chemical, petrochemical and paper pulp industries
~Bernardo P, Production Engineer, Vale de Cambra, Portugal
Asphalt storage tanks polymer moified asphalt process tanks
~Engineering, Design, Milwaukee, WI
For storing chemicals such as polyurethane/MEG/aromatic solvent/BPA etc
~Engineering, Other, China
Containment,transportation, packaging and storage of any fluids
~Esham Salam, Engineer, PJ, MALAYSIA
Fire water Demineralized water #2 Diesel Oil Glycol
~Technical Support/Services, Shelocta, PA
Potable and rainwater storage, potable water treatment
~Jack H, General Management, League City, TX
Above tanks are used at the well heads of heavy oil.
~Manufacturer, Calgary, Canada
Mostly for portable water and salt water reseviors
~Jorge Luis A, Builder/Contractor, La Paz, Mexico
Sour Gas plants Underground storage facility.
~Purchasing, Hengelo, Netherlands
AUTOMOTIVE GAS OIL, PETROLEUM MOTOR SPIRIT
~General Corporate Mgmt, LAGOS, Nigeria
Water, Crude, LNG and refined products.
~Engineering, Design, Magalia, CA
Volumetric and geometric calibrations.
~Adrian V, Project Manager, Ploiesti, Romania
Water storage and crude oil storage
~Edi, Marketing/Sales, Jakarta, Indonesia
Storing Chemicals for poly urethane
~Engineering, Process/Production, LANGLEY, Canada
Fuel, water, sludge, chemicals
~Doug B, Tank Manufacturers representative, Delta, Canada
Oil storage / dehydration use
~General Corporate Mgmt, Karachi, Pakistan
Bulk storage of chemicals.
~Technical Support/Services, Reserve, LA
Waste oil, used coolant
~Schatzi Ludwig, General Management, Pine Plains, NY
Bulk lubricant storage
~E O, Technical Support, Montreal, Canada
Oil depots, tank farm
~Engineering, Other, Chongnonsee, Thailand
Quantity survey
~Engineering, Other, Colombo2, Sri Lanka
Fuel, chemical
~General Corporate Mgmt, Houston, TX
Surge controls
~Chetan K, Manufacturer, Mumbai, India
Potable Water
~Andrew J, Volunteer water system operator, Toronto, Canada
Oil and water
~Raji M, Manufacturer, Sharjah, UAE
Chilled water
~Engineering, Consulting, Cairo, Egypt
Oil storage
~Engineering, Design, Dallas, TX
Fuel
~Maintenance/Facilities Management, Ithaca, NY

Top
Q:
Please share with us any “non-standard” applications that storage tanks and process tanks have been used for.
12 answers
Answers:
Illegal refining of crude oil using drum as a process tank, steel made tanks affects processing of materials as iron may come in as an unwanted catalyst or radicals or oxidizing agents.
~Ini D, Oil field chemist, PortHarcourt., Nigeria
Large Lousy 380 psi metal propane tanks do not have the storage capacity unless used in high volume (many tanks) for H2 storage.
~Other, Oceanport, NJ
We manufacture only for genuine customers and hence we have not come across any one using for non-standard applications.
~Raji M, Manufacturer, Sharjah, UAE
Process tanks for heating water with steam and use the thermal energy of the superheated water.
~Edgardo T, Project Manager, Cartagena, Colombia
Process tanks to save the remains of bread and transform its in new bread.
~Bernardo P, Production Engineer, Vale de Cambra, Portugal
1.Water tanks used for fuel storage. 2. Non-adherence to safety measures.
~Marketing/Sales, Centurion, South Africa
Rainwater storage, ozone contact vessel, stormwater detention
~Jack H, General Management, League City, TX
Top agitated, heated, insulated API Chemical storage tanks
~Hugh B, Engineering Consultant, Montreal, Canada
Sorry but all of ours have been standard applications.
~Jorge Luis A, Builder/Contractor, La Paz, Mexico
Fume Scrubbers Brine Systems DEF Fluid
~Jim G, Manufacturer, Denver, CO
All are standard applications
~E O, Technical Support, Montreal, Canada
Storage of biogas
~Chetan K, Manufacturer, Mumbai, India

Top
Q:
Do you know of any disastrous mistakes that occurred due to the incorrect usage of storage tanks and process tanks?
11 answers
Answers:
A company that we hired miscalculated the vacuum relief valve and the night we did install the pressure and vacuum relief valve the 300 m3 tank almost imploded. It was producing very strong sounds and it started to deform but a engineer that lived close to the plant that was phone called, opened a drain valve on time and the tank fortunately recovered its form and shape. There is not a big temperature difference between day and night on this area, however we almost suffered an accident.
~Edgardo T, Project Manager, Cartagena, Colombia
Not following the building codes. Using an unexperienced builder. Using an unexperienced calibration team. Incorrectly using the level measuring system and tools. Mounting the wrong level measuring system. Storing or processing of wrong fluids. Unauthorized changes of level measurement references.
~Adrian V, Project Manager, Ploiesti, Romania
On more than one occasion, I have confirmed HDPE tanks having catastrophic failure with storage of corrosives (acids), in which the tank unzips, (Splits), resulting in 1000 gal plus chemical spill.
~Jim G, Manufacturer, Denver, CO
An explosion of a compressor receiver unit on account in house replacement of the excess pressure switch without considering the design pressure ratings of the different vessels.
~Washalla B, Engineer, Mombasa, Kenya
Tank collapse due to improper design (steamed tank or frozen vents during pump out). Improper venting and / or in breathing.
~Hugh B, Engineering Consultant, Montreal, Canada
There can be a huge blast followed by fire in case of oil tanks, due to poor quality of material and workmanship.
~Raji M, Manufacturer, Sharjah, UAE
High concentration of Chlorine can cause corrosion problems in steel storage tanks.
~Andrew J, Volunteer water system operator, Toronto, Canada
Stress corrosion cracking Uniform corrosion in wasterwater treatment tanks
~Bernardo P, Production Engineer, Vale de Cambra, Portugal
Many explosions, loss of lives, costly recovery FUKUSHIMA is disastrous
~Esham Salam, Engineer, PJ, MALAYSIA
Improper venting and overflow specs, cold climate problems (freezing)
~Jack H, General Management, League City, TX
Unlined uncoated inner side of ms tanks used for potable water
~Chetan K, Manufacturer, Mumbai, India

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