Pest control products and equipment are used to repel, remove or eradicate unwanted animals and insects. They use mechanical, electrical, chemical, and ultrasonic methods and are designed typically to combat specific types of vermin. These pests include ants, cockroaches, flies, mosquitoes, spiders, and termites; crows, pigeons, seagulls, and other noisy or predatory birds; and rodents such as mice, rats, squirrels, and moles. Pest control products and equipment is also used to deter larger animals and wildlife such as raccoons, hedgehogs, and bears. Pest control products and equipment for birds include noise cannons, pyrotechnics, sight and motion devices, lasers, recorded distress calls, chemical repellents, and integrated bird control systems for airports and airfields. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or propane cannons periodically produce loud but harmless bangs to scare birds away from farms, fields, orchards, vineyards, parks, college campuses, golf courses, airfields and landfills. Pyrotechnic devices are launched into the air and produce a siren or loud bang. Sight and motion devices include balloons, reflective tape, and inflatable scarecrows. Bird control lasers are most effective in low-light conditions. Chemical bird repellents are applied to fruit trees and plants to stop birds from feeding on them. Integrated bird control products with bird guards, scareguns, and recorded bird distress cries are also available.
Pest control products and equipment for rodents include mouse traps, rat traps, kill and seal traps, ultrasonic repellents, and rodenticides. Mouse traps are a non-toxic form of mouse control. These rodent traps include snap traps, multiple catch traps, glue traps, and electronic rodent traps. Unlike traditional mouse traps, kill and seal traps both kill mice and seal-in parasites, fluids and odors. Ultrasonic repellents are form of rodent control that uses high-frequency sound waves to eliminate pests and prevent rodent infestations. Rodenticides are poisonous rodent bait, typically in the forms of pellets or blocks, that mice and rats ingest. Products and equipment for squirrel control are also available. They include roof guards and chimney caps.
There are many different pest control products and equipment for insects such as ants, cockroaches, flies, mosquitoes, spiders, and termites. Typically, these pest repellents were chemically-based insecticides. Space fumigation, space treatment, crop dusting, and the direct application of chemicals to plants are still common methods. Space fumigation subjects a sealed or covered area to deadly concentrations of a poisonous gas over several days time. Space treatment uses foggers, misters, and other aerosol devices to dispense chemicals that can kill flying insects or crawling insects. Pest control products and equipment also includes herbicides that can be applied directly to infected plants.