Textile manufacturing services produce or process textiles made from a variety of different materials. They differ in terms of capabilities, services, applications, and locations.
Types of Textile Services
Companies that manufacture textiles offer capabilities such as bonding and welding, braiding and plating, carding, cutting and trimming, coating and surface treatment, crocheting, dyeing, embroidering, knitting and knotting. Textile manufacturing services also perform quilting, needle punching, pressing and felting, printing, sewing and stitching, spinning and weaving.
Textile manufacturing services may design, certify, model or prototype products for clients. Some companies specialize in low volume production or high volume production. Others offer research and development (R&D) or test and inspection services.
Textile manufacturers fabricate products from both natural and synthetic materials.
Synthetic textile materials include acetate and triacetate, acrylic and modacrylic, aramid, elastomerics (e.g., elastoester), fluoropolymer, nylon and polyamide, and olefin and polyolefin. Synthetic and polymer textile materials also include polybenzimidazole (PBI) and poly-p-phenylenebenzobisoxazole (PBO), along with polyester, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) rayon, styrene.
Natural textile materials include wool, cotton, jute, leather and hides, linen and flax, and silk. Textile manufacturing services may also work with E-glass or S-glass, rock wool or slag wood, ceramic materials, alumina, boron, carbon or graphite, silica or quartz, or silicon carbide. Textiles with metallic fibers and blended fiber structures are also available.
Applications for Manufactured Textiles
Businesses that manufacture or fabricate textiles may specialize by application and geographic location.
For example, textile manufacturing services that specialize in civil engineering applications can manufacture geomembranes, impermeable geosynthetic materials that are used in landfills, wastewater treatment, petroleum exploration, remediation and irrigation applications.
These geotextiles are permeable materials that are used to improve soil stability, enhance erosion control, and provide drainage. Geotextiles are made from synthetic polymers such as polypropylene, Woven geotextiles have a planar structure and can use both flat, slit-films and rounded monofilaments. Non-woven geotextiles (filter fabrics) are used mainly for erosion control, aggregate drainage and pavement overlays. Woven geotextiles have a planar structure and can use both flat, slit-films and rounded monofilaments.
There are two common geomembrane types: polyvinyl chloride (PVC) liners and polyethylene liners. PVC geomembranes are suitable for the containment of leachants from municipal wastes in low-temperature environments. Polyethylene liners are safe for the containment of drinking water and provide excellent resistance tensile strength.