Audio Connectors Information

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Audio connectors are used to affix cables to other audio equipment, providing electronic signal transference and grounding protection. Applications for audio connectors can be general purpose, telephone, or microphone.  Most audio connectors are for commercial purposes, but some may conform to military specifications.


Types of Audio Connectors


Connectors may be plugs, jacks, or combinations, and may have an integral switch.


  • Plug type audio connectors are a plug, or male, connector includes pins that can be inserted into a socket. 
  • Jack type audio connectors are a jack, or female, connector consists of sockets that are aligned to mesh with a pin-type connector. 
  • Combination plug and jack connectors are also available. 

System Signals


System signals for audio connectors can be mono or stereo. 


  • Mono, or monophonic, describes a system where all the audio signals are mixed together and routed through a single audio channel. 
  • Stereophonic sound systems have two independent audio signal channels.  



Important parameters for audio connectors include conductors and maximum diameter or side dimension. 


  • Conductors are the number of conductive elements in a connector that mate with a corresponding element to provide an electrical path. 
  • Maximum outer diameter or maximum side dimension of connector does not include dimension of flanges, if applicable.
  • Housing materials for audio connectors can be plastic or metal. 
    • Some audio connectors have no housings; they are open frame.
  • Mounting options include right angle, panel or flange mount, threaded housing, strain relief, DIN mount, PCB mount, and BNC. 

Plating Specifications


Contact platings for audio connectors can be nickel, gold, silver, or none. 


Plated contacts are used for a more reliable connection, but do not have to be plated. 


Terminal Connections


Terminal connections for audio connectors include crimp sleeve and solder cup. 


  • Crimp sleeve terminals have electrical connections made using a wire crimp.
  • Mechanical compression during the crimping process causes a functional union between the conductor and crimp barrel. 
  • In solder cup terminals the electrical connections are conditionally detachable, and are made by soldering. Connections may be soldered directly, or through use of a solder cup, hollow cylinder, eyelet, or hook.

More information on types of connectors can be found here.




Audio connectors must adhere to standards to ensure proper design and functionality.


BS 7947 - Gives guidance on identification and application of connectors and definitive electrical and mechanical standards, such as IEC 60130 where these exist. To be read in conjunction with BS 6840-11:1994


IEC 61076-3-112 - These connectors are designed based on IEEE standard 1394a-2000 and applicable for high performance serial bus used for consumer audio/video equipment. These connectors consist of fixed and free connectors having four contacts.


MIL - DTL - 55116 - This specification covers waterproof, polarized, five and six contact electrical connectors (plugs and receptacles) for use in audio frequency circuits at 60 volts maximum potential and 0.5 amperes maximum current.


Related Products & Services

  • Coaxial Connectors

    Coaxial connectors are composed of an insulated central conducting wire wrapped in another cylindrical conductor (the shield). The cable is usually wrapped in another insulating layer and an outer protective layer. Coaxial cables and connectors have the capacity to carry vast quantities of information. They are typically used in high-speed data and CATV applications.

  • Edge Connectors

    Card edge connectors are edge-on connectors designed for single-sided or double-sided printed circuit boards (PCBs).

  • Gender Changers

    Gender changers are devices that change the end of a cable into another type, allowing two cable assemblies with the same or different genders to mate.

  • Heavy Duty Rectangular Connectors

    Heavy duty rectangular connectors are designed to accommodate large electrical loads and direct signals under a multitude of operating conditions.

  • Military (MIL-SPEC) Connectors

    Military (MIL-SPEC) connectors are built in accordance with military specifications. Their design takes into account the need to protect the connection from environmental factors, allowing them to be used in military and aerospace applications.

  • Modular Connectors and RJ Connectors

    Modular connectors and RJ connectors includes two similar, yet distinct styles of connectors. Modular connectors are made of "plug-in units" which can be added together to make the system larger, improve the capabilities, or expand its size. Registered Jack (RJ) is a telephone and data jack application specific connector registered with the FCC.

  • USB Connectors

    USB connectors are used with universal serial bus (USB) ports. They can be used to connect USB products together, or to connect USB wires and peripherals to other standard port types.

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