Barcode cards are computer boards that contain storage, font macros, and logic for printing barcodes. They are designed for use with slot card, hand held, and fixed mount bar code scanners; barcode software; barcode printers; and other barcoding products. Barcode cards differ in terms of form factor, clock rate, and voltage. Choices for form factor include industry standard architecture (ISA), peripheral component interconnect (PCI), and Versa Module Eurocard (VME). Some barcode cards also carry additional product specifications, or provide special features.
Barcode symbology is an important parameter to consider when selecting barcode cards. These symbologies are essentially alphabets in which different widths of bars and spaces are combined to form characters and, ultimately, a message. Because there are many ways to arrange these bars and spaces, many different barcode symbologies are possible. For example, some barcode cards contain storage, font macros, and logic for printing Codablock barcodes. With Codablock, each row is structured so that it conforms fully to the rules of the basic encodation symbology. Other barcode cards are designed for printing symbologies such as Codabar, Code 1, Code 11, Code 128, Code 16K, Code 39, Code 49, and Code 93. Codabar is a self-checking, numeric-only code that is used in a variety of information processing applications. Code 1 is an area-type symbology that combines a checkerboard data area with a barcode-like locator pattern. Code 11 is used for labeling telecommunications equipment. Code 128 provides excellent density for all-numeric data and good density for alphanumeric data. Code 16K has 37 alphanumeric characters or 74 numeric characters. Code 39 and Code 93 barcode cards are used by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Barcode cards may support symbologies such as DataMatrix (Data Code), European Article Numbering (EAN), Interleaved 2 of 5, Matrix 2 of 5, MaxiCode, Plessey, NW-7 Code, PLANET, POSTNET, Telepen, UPC, and VeriCode. DataMatrix and VeriCode are usable like traditional barcodes, and help computers access specific information. Barcode cards for PLANET and POSTNET symbologies are used by the United States Postal Service (USPS).