Environmental management software is used to support regulatory compliance, air pollution control, chemical safety, and environmental management. There are many different types of environmental management software products including air pollution control software, soil and groundwater software, waste and recycling software, and compliance software. The cost of environmental software is based upon product specifications and features. Typically, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products are less expensive than customized solutions. Environmental software suppliers may specialize in particular applications or industries, or provide products that are designed to help businesses meet specific regulatory requirements.
Environmental management software can be used to support a company’s air compliance program. In the United States, Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act establishes requirements for large industrial facilities that emit hazardous air pollutants. Environmental managers use air pollution control software to produce allowance management and compliance reports for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Environmental software can also be used to track the emission of chemicals listed in the EPA’s toxic release inventory (TRI) program. Older industrial facilities can use environmental software to ensure compliance under the EPA’s new-source performance standards (NSPS), and to support efforts regarding maximum achievable control technology (MACT).
Soil and groundwater software is a type of environmental management software used for borehole plotting, contaminant transport modeling, pump testing, site remediation, subsurface modeling, and well-monitoring. It can also be used to support geographic information system (GIS) development and mapping applications. Some types of soil and groundwater software are designed for geological, geophysical, or hydrological purposes. Others are designed for mining, construction, civil engineering, or petroleum exploration. Environmental software that is suitable for general-purpose soil and groundwater modeling is commonly available.
Companies that fabricate electronic components can use waste and recycling environmental management software to ensure compliance with both EPA standards and European Union (EU) directives. Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) is an EU directive that requires manufacturers of electronic and electrical equipment sold in Europe to demonstrate that their products contain only minimal levels of the following hazardous substances: lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl, and polybrominated diphenyl ether. Environmental software can also be used to ensure compliance with the EU’s Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive.