Neutralization Equipment Information
Neutralization equipment promotes the chemical process that produces a solution that is neither acidic nor alkaline. Neutralization equipment is used to produce a neutralization reaction, which occurs when an acid and a base, usually both in aqueous solutions, react to form water and salt, which do not exhibit any acid or base properties. Being paired with a hydrogen ion identifies an acid and being paired with a hydroxide group identifies a base.
Heat of neutralization is when equal quantities of hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) are mixed and then the change in temperature is measured with large read-out digital thermometers. A deionized water system removes all ions from a solution using neutralization equipment such as cation exchangers and anion exchangers. Deionization does not remove organic chemicals, bacteria, and other microorganisms, and therefore, presents a problem whereby colonies of microorganisms can become established and proliferate on nutrient-rich surfaces of resin. When not regularly sanitized or regenerated, ion-exchange resins can contaminate drinking water with bacteria.
Water treatment equipment is used with water treatment systems to remove impurities that are contained in water as found in nature. Neutralization equipment can help to control or eliminate impurities to combat corrosion, scale formation, and fouling of heat transfer surfaces throughout reactor facilities and support systems. Some examples of neutralization equipment used for general water treatment are:
- water softeners
- silver ion water sterilizers
- automatic rinsing, filling, and capping machines
- cup or glass filling machines
- foil sealing machines
Techniques of neutralization for water treatment typically involve:
- filtration methods
- end-of-pipe techniques
- oxidation methods
- ion-exchange methods
- pH neutralization
- ultra pure (UP) water creation techniques
- ultra violet irradiation
Neutralization equipment for industrial water treatment typically uses different types of tanks, such as atmospheric and chemical regeneration tanks, various types of vessels, and lining materials.