Wire mills and wire flattening machines produce square or rectangular flat wire as well as shaped wire with contoured cross-sections and complex profiles. They flatten or produce profiles and shapes on the wire itself by drawing it through rolls or a die.
Wire mills and wire flattening machines follow a process of pulling a rod through a rolls or dies that become progressively smaller until it reaches the intended diameter. This process generally hardens the metal or alloy, making it hard or stiff to use. It is typical for wire mills and wire flattening machines to be followed by annealing to soften the material for increased workability.
In addition to common, round wire, wire mills and wire flattening machines can also produce square-edged rectangle, trapezoids, oval, half round, or other, unlisted shaped wire. For most wire mill and wire flattening applications, a single-stand, two-stand, or three-stand tandems are needed. Depending on the application, more stands can be added or used with other process equipment including edgers, turks heads, draw blocks, etc.
Types of Wire Mills and Wire Flattening Machines
There are three common types of wire mills and wire flattening machines including wire flattening mills and machines, wire shaping mills and machines, and wire profiling mills and machines. Wire flattening mills and machines can be used with both ferrous and non-ferrous wires. These machines typically feature variable speed and common and custom tandem line availability. Some mills and machines may additionally include powered or non-powered edge rollers, drawing blocks, and payoffs and spoolers. Additional special features for wire mills and wire flattening machines may also be available depending on the manufacturer or application.