Fall Arrest Systems Information
Image Credit: New Pig Corporation
Fall arrest systems prevent personnel from falling in construction sites, factories, and other industrial locations. They can be installed and configured to work horizontally, vertically, overhead, or along specific inclines. Applications for fall arrest systems include power transmission, telecommunication, computer, and aerospace industries.
Types of Fall Arrest Systems
There are many different types of fall arrest systems. Examples include:
Personal fall arrest systems - A personal fall arrest system consists of three parts: a full body harness, an anchorage connector that guarantees a secure base connection, and a shock-absorbing lanyard to remove the strain out from the fall.
Fall protection systems - A fall protection system is used in construction activities where the work to be performed is at a height greater than six feet.
Roof fall arrest systems - A roof fall arrest system is used on rooftops for maintenance, inspection, and repair tasks.
Safety cable and harness systems - A safety cable and harness system allows a falling worker to drop several feet before arresting the fall.
Tie offs - Tie offs are tied at or above the D-ring point of the belt or harness worn by a worker.
Railings - Railings and floor grating systems are basic fall arrest systems that prevent personnel from falling from platforms.
Selecting fall arrest systems requires an analysis of performance specifications. Specifications for a fall protection system include maximum working load (lbs.), maximum arresting force of (lbs. /ft.), and working capacity (9 ft.). A roof fall arrest system with a rope length 23 ft. may have a height capability of 17.7 in., a width of 8.0 in., and a maximum working load of 300 lbs. A tie off support system may feature a 5000 lbs. capacity to tie each worker. Other specifications for fall arrest systems vary by system type.
Fall arrest systems are designed and manufactured to meet both industry specifications and safety requirements. Many fall arrest systems adhere to guidelines from the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). OSHA fall protection guidelines are designed ensure the safety of workers on buildings, bridges, and towers. A safety cable and harness system must meet applicable military specifications (MIL-SPEC) or military standards (MIL-STD).
ISO 10333-1 - PERSONAL FALL-ARREST SYSTEMS - PART 1: FULL-BODY HARNESSES
ISO 10333-2 - PERSONAL FALL-ARREST SYSTEMS - PART 2: LANYARDS AND ENERGY ABSORBERS
ISO 10333-3 - PERSONAL FALL-ARREST SYSTEMS - PART 3: SELF-RETRACTING LIFELINES