Reelers and Dereelers Information
Reelers and dereelers manage extended segments of materials such as ropes, wires, chains, and cables. Coiling the loose strands of the materials on a reel makes it easier to work with and transport them. Some models are automated while others are manually operated. Select versions are designed for use with unique elements. The devices engage components serving to sustain strand tension and backlash as well as reel speed. When paired with wires, cables, or tubing cutters, they assist in measuring and cutting extended strands. Automated systems feature configurations providing the ability for simultaneous control of reeling and dereeling from multiple pieces.
Reelers and dereelers, also known as spooler winches or spooling units, serve industries such as construction, mining, and oil and gas. The equipment ranges from basic drum stands to air-powered and hydraulically driven systems. Their employment helps minimize cable and rope stretching, surging, and slippage while improving cut length accuracy. Spools or coils of rope or cables maintain stationary positions while the reeling and dereeling system pulls them into place. Many of the devices offer an auto-stop mechanism in case a jam occurs during operation.
Reelers and dereelers are available in an assortment of types, including:
Collapsible: These tools produce neat coils of wire and dereel materials forming hanks or coils by reversing the dereeling procedure. Some products employ adjustable friction clutches to prevent overruns when dereeling. Their versatility makes them well suited for use by electrical contractors, jobbers, and production kitters.
Low tension: Such mechanisms support constant tension and low force. Low tension instruments cover manufacturing processes requiring critical tolerance levels. The units are designed with features to minimize friction such as precision ball bearings and multi-speed switches. Speed and tube tension are computer controlled. Certain versions include torque limitations for safety purposes.
Heavy duty low tension: Though these machines resemble low tension models in design, they are capable of handling larger coils and heavier gauge items. Dancer arms of the device are sizable enough to keep ropes, wires, and other coiled elements from kinking during the feed process.
High performance: The design integrates highly responsive tension control combined with a drive system, allowing for high-speed performance. Standard applications include PVC tubing and catheter tube production. Select products incorporate attributes such as adjustable tension, programmable controls, and speeds in the range of 60 inches per second as well as automatic over-torque decoupling.
Turntable: The instruments resemble turntable record players and handle reels or spools of wire and other analogous items.
Multiple station: In comparison to the turntable option, this unit has multiple stations for reel placement instead of one.
Compensating: A compensating mechanism stops over-runs when linked to a wire cutter or a cut and strip machine. Integration of a clutch enables fine adjustment control relative to reel payout tension.
Bench mounted: Bench mounted instruments are held in place by mounts on a bench for enhanced stability.
Lifter: This category is fixed with an elevated spooling section for strands or spools. They rely on leverage to allow one or two individuals to deal with large coils. Most options allow height adjustment of the cable reels.
Manual: Solutions relying on manual operation possess adjustable parts to handle coils of different dimensions. A controlled friction clutch assembly helps avoid overruns during dereeling activities. Available options include bench or floor mounted.
Motorized: The class provides a labor-free setup as well as handles for manual operation if desired.
Custom: Individual models are designed to specification, either for new applications or to match in-place systems.
Reelers and dereelers offer a myriad of features, including:
- Switch selectable speed
- Digital dancer control arm
- ESD control
- Hydraulic drive
- Electric drive
- Chain drive
- Gear drive
- Rim drive
- Remote control
- Wireless operation
- Adjustable supports
- Acrylic top and bottom plates
- Pinch roll pre-puller
Reelers and dereelers cover a diverse scope of applications, including:
- Oil and gas
- PVC tubing
- Catheter tubes
Selecting Reelers and Dereelers
Reelers and dereelers come in a broad selection of types, shapes, and sizes. Their function varies with the application. Automated or mechanical units are preferred when working on complex jobs dealing with multiple ropes, cables, or other elements. Simple manual solutions offer sufficient functionality when handling lighter elements and lower volumes. Check manufacturer's specification to ensure the operational parameters of the instrument under consideration meet the requirements.