Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics consists of bulk, chopped fibers, continuous strands or woven cloth forms of aromatic polyamide thermoplastic for reinforcing polymer matrix composites and other applications. A textile fabric made of aramid fibers is typically flame resistant and strong even at elevated temperatures. Aramid is made from an aromatic polymer that has a carbon-based backbone. Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics are created by spinning a solid fiber from the liquid polymer using a device called a spinneret.
Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics are frequently used in fire and flame resistant clothing, protective equipment such as vests and helmets for firefighters, asbestos mitigation equipment, hot air filtration, reinforcement of rubber goods such as tires, ropes and cables, and sailcloth. Aramid fabric can also be treated with resins or epoxies to make polymer matrix composites. These composites combine the strength of the aramid fibers with the resin to create an industrial textile that is strong, easily molded into complex shapes, and abrasion and impact resistant. These composites are frequently used in transportation applications, including the building of boats and aircraft.
Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics are used to produce all kinds of synthetic materials, including fabrics for filtration, anti-static applications, plastic coverings, and medical products. Synthetic material made of aramid fibers does not ignite or melt, making it useful for friction products, such as pads for brakes and clutches or gaskets and seals. Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics are also lightweight and flexible, making them useful in sporting goods such as skis. Sailboats use aramid fiber based sails because they are durable and stable. Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics are also good insulators of electricity, are resistant to organic solvents and fuels. Aramid fibers have a higher tensile strength than the glass fibers often used in composite materials.
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Carbon Fiber and Carbon Fiber Cloth
Carbon fiber and carbon fiber cloth consist of bulk, chopped fibers, continuous strands or woven cloth forms of carbon or graphite. Carbon and graphite are used in reinforcing composites as well as other specialized electrical and thermal applications.
Cordage, Rope, and Webbing
Cordage, rope and webbing are made of many natural and/or synthetic fibers that are twisted and/or braided or woven into a length.
Fibers and Filaments
Fibers and filaments consist of bulk, chopped fibers or strands and continuous monofilaments of materials and are used in reinforcing composites as well as other specialized electrical and thermal applications.
Glass Fibers and Fiberglass Cloth
Glass fibers and fiberglass cloth consist of bulk, chopped fibers or continuous strands of glass. Glass fibers and fiberglass cloth is used in reinforcing plastics and composites as well as other specialized electrical and thermal applications.
Industrial fabrics consist of woven or non-woven cloth made from natural or synthetic materials.
Mineral Wool and Glass Wool
Mineral wool and glass wool are made from slag, rock, glasses or minerals that have been melted and spun into fibers.
Natural Fibers and Fabrics
Natural fibers and fabrics consist of bulk fibers, yarns, or woven cloth manufactured from plant materials such as cotton, wool, linen (flax), sisal, jute, hemp, or silk.
Nonwovens are fiber-based products that are formed into mats of randomly-oriented fibers, felt, needlepunched cloth, spunbond, or meltblown structures.
Specialty Fibers, Fabrics, and Textiles
Specialty fibers, fabrics and textiles are based upon a unique composition, weave, or technology, and are designed for specialized applications.
Synthetic Fibers and Fabrics
Synthetic fibers and synthetic fabrics consist of bulk fibers, yarns, woven cloth or other textile products manufactured from polymer-based materials such as polyamide (nylon), polyester, aramid, or other spun thermoplastics.