DescriptionNatural Fibers and Fabrics Information

 

Natural fibers and fabrics consist of bulk fibers, yarns, or woven cloth manufactured from plant materials such as:

  • Cotton
  • Wool
  • Linen (flax)
  • Sisal
  • Jute
  • Hemp
  • Silk
  • Blended fiber

Types

 

Bulk chopped fibers or thin, continuous fiber filaments are used typically in composite reinforcement applications, flowable insulation, or as the key component in woven fabrics, braids, knits, rope roving or other specialty fabrics.

 

Roving is made of tows, untwisted bundles of continuous filaments.

 

Yarn is made of continuous, often plied strands of natural fibers and fabrics.

Natural Fibers and Fabrics Information 

Carded and needlepunched nonwovens offer very high loft (low density) at very low cost. 

 

Braided products are used in tubular composite structures, thermal insulation fabrics, and many other applications.

 

Cordage is a generic term that covers various types of cords, lines, ropes, and strings. Rope is used in material handling, shipping, construction, logging, and marine applications. 

 

Webbing is a textile product that is supplied as a woven ribbon, strapping, or tape. Webbing unravels when cut, a feature which distinguishes it from cordage and rope.

 

Threads are thin, continuous threads or filaments are used for stitching or reinforcement. These natural fibers and fabrics include both monofilaments and multi-fiber threads.

 

Specifications

 

Structural Features

 

  • Chemical resistant
  • Fuel resistant
  • Electrically conductive
  • Electrically insulating
  • Flame retardant
  • Provide acoustic insulation
  • Provide thermal insulation

Dimensional Specifications

 

  • Overall thickness - Measured with a gage that contains two flat cylinders for a relevant sample area and a spring-loaded mechanism for a consistent, applied pressure.
  • Overall width or outer diameter (OD) - The cut width of a roll of fabric or textile material.
  • Overall length
  • Fabric
  • Weight

Properties

 

  • Use temperature
  • Fabric strength
  • Breaking load
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Electrical resistivity

Standards

 

A-A-55211 -  Wool yarn

 

ASTM D6798 - This terminology covers definitions of technical terms related to flax and linen.

 

A-A-228 - This commercial item description covers jute twine intended for general wrapping purposes.

 

References

 

Image Credits:

 

Technical Glass Products, Inc. - OH | BRIM Electronics, Inc.