Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information

Monomers, intermediates and base polymers are ingredients used in the production of:

 

  • Compounded resins
  • Plastics and elastomers
  • Paints or organic coatings
  • Adhesives and sealants

Monomers, oligomers and other intermediates are the starting materials or precursors used for polymer synthesis. Polymerization combines several monomers to form a raw polymer, polymeric binders, or uncompounded resins:

 

Monomers Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information Base Polymers
.
Monomers Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information Oligomers Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information Base Polymers / Raw Resin or Binder
.
Monomers (A) + Monomers (B) Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information Base Copolymers / Raw Copolymer Resin or Binder

 

Features

 

Base Polymers

 

Base polymers, copolymers and/or additional monomers are compounded or blended with:

 

Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information

  • Fillers
  • Extenders
  • Fiber reinforcements
  • Flame retardants
  • UV inhibitors
  • Colorants and chemical additives

Base polymers and monomers are blended with fillers, chemical additives, etc. to produce:

 

  • Compounded resins
  • Plastics and elastomers
  • Paints or organic coatings
  • Adhesives and sealants

Formula for compounded resins:

 

Base Polymer(s) + Filler + Colorants + Additives Monomers, Intermediates, and Base Polymers Information Compounded Resin

 

Monomers

 

A monomer is a small molecule unit that polymerizes or chemically bonds to other monomers to form a polymer, which is a chain or network of 'many mers' or repeating units. Examples of monomers include hydrocarbons such as the alkene and arene series.

 

Hydrocarbon monomers, such as styrene and ethene, form polymers used in plastics, such as polystyrene and polyethene. Other commercially important monomers include acrylic monomers such as:

 

  • Acrylic acid
  • Methyl methacryl
  • Atecrylamide

Caprolactum is the precursor used to produce polyamide or nylon resins. Vinyl chloride is the prepolymer used to product polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic resins. Siloxanes are used to produce polysiloxane or silicone polymer resins.

 

Standards

 

ASTM D1243 - Standard test method for dilute solution viscosity of vinyl chloride polymers. 

ASTM D5575 - Standard classification system for copolymers of vinylidene fluoride (vdf) with other fluorinated monomers.

BRE IP10/03 - Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability.

BS ISO 13741-1 - Plastics/rubber - polymer dispersions and rubber latices (natural and synthetic) - determination of residual monomers and other organic components by capillary - column gas chromatography part 1. direct liquid injection method.

 

References

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Monomers

 

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