Polyvinyl chloride, typically called PVC, is a brittle, solid plastic used in a wide range of applications and environments. It is comprised of strong linear polymers produced as a result of polyermizing vinyl chloride.
While PVC is structurally similar to polyethylene, it has vastly different qualities and properties due to the presence of chlorine in its molecular makeup. PVC is a thermoplastic, which can be melted and formed by molding or extrusion.
As a lightweight, inexpensive, and environmentally-resistant plastic, PVC is used in construction (for pipes, window frames, and other components) as a replacement for wood and other more traditional building materials.
With the addition of plasticizers, PVC becomes more flexible and is suitable for use in electrical cable insulation, inflatable products and many applications in which it replaces elastomers.
A-A-55859 - This commercial item description (CID) covers clear flexible PVC tubing intended for use either with petroleum products or with food and consumable products.
ASTM D7176 - This specification covers polyvinyl chloride (PVC) flexible sheeting which is used for construction of concealed containment-membranes.
AWWA C605 - This standard describes underground installation and hydrostatic testing procedures for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pressure pipe and fittings.
JIS K 6720 - Polyvinyl chloride resins