DescriptionStuds Information

 

Studs are mechanical fasteners which are threaded on one or both ends. One end is secured to an object. The other end is used typically with a nut. Studs are available in both English and Metric threads.

 

Materials

 

Studs can be anodized, coated with phosphate or black oxide, chrome galvanized, or plated with gold, nickel, silver, tin, zinc, or zinc chromate.

 

Metallic

 

Aluminum is malleable, ductile, light, and trivalent with good electrical and thermal conductivity, high reflectivity, and resistance to oxidation.

 

Studs InformationBrass has good strength, excellent high temperature ductility and reasonable cold ductility, good conductivity, excellent corrosion resistance, good bearing properties and low magnetic permeability.

 

Bronze is a metal composed of copper as the main alloying metal and one or more other metals, such as tin, zinc, or phosphorus.

 

Silicon bronze is a typical stud alloy.

 

Copper is a reddish metallic element that is ductile and malleable and is one of the best conductors of heat and electricity. Copper also exhibits good corrosion resistance.

 

Titanium is hard, light, strong and corrosion-resistant. Titanium studs are used widely in the aerospace industry and in medical applications, such as replacement joints.

 

Steel studs are made from iron that contains carbon in any amount up to about 1.7 percent as an essential alloying constituent. Many grades of carbon and alloy steel are used as fastener materials. Some grades must be coating to protect studs against corrosion. Others, such as stainless steel studs, are chemical and corrosion resistant, and can have relatively high stress ratings.Studs Information

 

Many different grades of stainless steel are used in fasteners such studs; however, stainless steels cannot be hardened to the same degree as carbon steels. Consequently, hardened steel is another common material choice for metal studs.

 

Specialized and proprietary materials for metal studs include Inconel® and Incoloy®, alloys which combine good strength and excellent resistance to oxidation and carbonization in high temperatures and many aqueous environments. Inconel and Incoloy, registered trademarks of Special Metals Corporation, are generally used at service temperatures below 650°C (1200°F).

 

Monel® is an alloy with high strength and resistance to a range of corrosive media including seawater, hydrofluoric and sulfuric acids, and alkalis. Monel is also registered trademark of Special Metals Corporation.

 

Non-metallic

 

  • Plastic
  • Fiber-reinforced plastic
  • Nylon
  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
  • Synthetic rubber

Standards

 

ADS AGS883 - 4 inch studs

 

ASME B18.31.2 -  This Standard covers the complete dimensional and general data for continuous thread and double-end inch-dimensioned studs recognized as American National Standard.

 

ASTM A354 - This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of quenched and tempered alloy steel bolts, studs, and other externally threaded fasteners 4 in. and under.

 

References

 

Image Credits:

 

Berg W.M., Inc.PennEngineering | Jergens, Inc.