Bonded Seals Information
Bonded seals are metal washers with rubber inserts for use in high-pressure applications. The washer resists the bursting forces and limits the deformation of insert, which is self-centralizing and bonded to the washer’s inside diameter (ID). Most bonded seals consist of a rectangular washer and a trapezoidal rubber insert. The insert is vulcanized to improve material properties such as hardness, strength, and elasticity. As captive assemblies, bonded seals can be used in applications with thread undercuts. They are often used in place of copper washers in hydraulic and pneumatic connections that are subject to extreme pressures. Burst pressure, the maximum pressure which bonded seals can withstand, is an important specification to consider. Permanent degradation or product failure can occur if the burst pressure is exceeded during operation. Bonded seals use many different types of metal washers. Material of construction include aluminum, brass, bronze, copper, mild steel, and stainless steel. Aluminum and aluminum alloys are lightweight, non-ferrous metals with good corrosion resistance, ductility and strength. Copper, brass and bronze alloys are also non-ferrous. They provide excellent electrical and thermal conductivity as well as good corrosion resistance, ductility and strength. Mild steel is a common, low-carbon machine steel that is neither extremely brittle nor ductile. Stainless steels are highly corrosion resistant, ferrous alloys that contain chromium and/or nickel additions. Surface finishes for bonded seals include cadmium plating, chromic anodizing, clear passivating, zinc plating, and gold passivating. Products with zinc/iron and black chromate, or zinc nickel trivalent passivate are also available. Selecting bonded seals requires an analysis of rubber insert materials. Choices include: acrylonitrile butadiene copolymer, ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM), fluorocarbon elastomer, nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR), and hydrogenated nitrile butadiene (HNBR). Acrylonitrile butadiene copolymers are resistant to mineral oils, water, hot air, and some chemicals. Fluorocarbon elastomers are resistant to mineral oils, petroleum products, solvents and chemicals. They are often used in place of NBR and other oil-resistant materials. Hydrogenated nitrile butadiene (HNBR) has a greater tensile strength and wear resistance than NBR. Often, HNBR is used in petroleum exploration applications because of its resistance to heat, hydrogen sulphide, corrosion, and steam.
Related Products & Services
Brush seals are used as a barrier against flying debris and liquid. They are also used to reduce or block the infiltration of light or air flow.
Diaphragm seals are isolation devices that separate a pressure instrument from the process media.
Dynamic seals include oil seals, hydraulic and pneumatic seals, exclusion seals, labyrinth seals, bearing isolators, and piston rings. They create a barrier between moving and stationary surfaces in applications such as rotating shafts and pistons rings. This is a general search form; more detailed search forms are available.
Exclusion seals are comprised of wipers, scrapers and V-ring seals.
Hermetic Sealing Services
Hermetic seals provide a vacuum or leak tight seal such as a brazed glass-to-metal seal.
Hydraulic Seals and Pneumatic Seals
Hydraulic seals and pneumatic seals include piston seals, rod seals, U-cups, vee, cup, and flange packings.
Inflatable seals are elastomeric tubes designed to round out with the introduction of a medium (usually air) to form an tight barrier between a mounting and striking surface.
Metal bellows perform a number of tasks including sealing environments, carrying gases, liquids and slurry, and mechanically coupling for electrical contact.
Metal Ring Seals
Metal ring seals are static devices that can withstand high operating temperatures, pressures, and vacuums. They can also withstand cryogenic conditions and high face-to-face cycling.