GPRS chips use general packet radio service (GPRS), a standard for wireless communications with a throughput rate of 115 kilobits (kbps) per second. GPRS represents an enhancement to global system for mobile communications (GSM), a standard which marked the advent of the “smart-card” technology in wireless products. GPRS chips are popular choice with device manufacturers for a wide range of consumer and enterprise applications. Unlike GSM, which restricts message lengths to 160 bytes, GPRS permits a continuous flow of IP packets. This means that a wireless chip can be used in a range of devices. For example, wireless GPRS phones can be used for everything form global position and other location-based services to multimedia streaming such as video and text-messaging). Companies that use GPRS chips in their wireless communication products can also provide Internet access and intranet access.
The 3G Partnership Project (3GPP) is the standards body for GPRS chips. The 3GPP plays a central role in defining the characteristics and requirements for intercommunication between GPRS elements across a wireless network. These standards include a GPRS reference model, parameters for operations at the physical layer of the open systems interconnection (OSI) reference model, and other design parameters such as access points, encryption, and packet handling. GPRS chips can also be used in universal mobile telecommunications systems (UTMS) networks. Most GPRS chips are geared toward 2.5 gigabyte (Gb) devices and feature programmable chipsets. These GPRS chipsets can use digital baseband engines with a memory cache and memory management unit.
GPRS chips are used to manage the sessions and GPRS tunneling protocols necessary for operation on both GSM networks and UTMS networks. GPRS chip manufacturers use powerful and reliable microprocessors to meet consumer demands for greater abilities within wireless communication devices. The cellular phone market is the single greatest consumer of GPRS chips, particularly European companies that provide wireless digital communications.