Gas flow switches and liquid flow switches, velocity, are devices used for measuring the flow or quantity of a moving fluid in terms of velocity, such as feet per minute. These may be plain sensors or sensor systems with displays and computer outputs. The most important specifications for velocity style gas flow switches and liquid flow switches are the flow rate to be measured and whether liquids or gases will be the measured fluids. Also important are operating pressure of the fluid line, the fluid temperature and accuracy. The technologies for velocity gas flow switches and liquid flow switches vary widely.
Types of Velocity Flow Switches
The most common types are inferential flow measurement, positive displacement, velocity meters, and true mass flow meters. Inferential measurement refers to the indirect measurement of flow by directly measuring another value and inferring the flow based on well-known relationships between the directly measured value and flow. The use of differential pressure as an inferred measurement of a liquid's rate of flow is the most common type of unit in use today. Examples of differential pressure meters include orifice plates, Venturi tubes, flow nozzles, cone types, Pitot tubes, target meters, elbow tap meters and rotameters.
Positive displacement meters take direct measurements of liquid flows. These devices divide the fluid into specific increments and move it on. The total flow is an accumulation of the measured increments, which can be counted by mechanical or electronic techniques. They are often used for high viscosity fluids. Examples of positive displacement type meters include pistons, oval gears and nutating discs.
Velocity type gas flow switches and liquid flow switches are devices that operate linearly with respect to volume flow rate. Because there is no square-root relationship, as with differential pressure devices, their range ability is greater. Examples of velocity meters include turbine meters, electromagnetic meters, vortex meters and ultrasonic meters. True mass flow meters are devices that measure mass rate of flow directly, such as thermal meters or Coriolis meters.
Typical analog electrical outputs for velocity gas flow switches and liquid flow switches are current, voltage, frequency or switched output. Computer output options can include serial and parallel interfaces. These sensors can be mounted either as inline or insertion devices. In-line sensors can be held in place by using flanges, threaded connections or clamps. Insertion style sensors are typically threaded through a pipe wall and stick directly in the process flow.
Related Products & Services
Gas Flow Meters
Gas flow meters are used for measuring the flow or quantity of a moving gas in an enclosed pipe or passage.
Liquid Flow Meters
Liquid flow meters are used to measure the volumetric flow rate or amount of a moving liquid.
Mass Flow Meters and Controllers
Mass flow meters and controllers measure flow rate in units of mass or volume per units of time (e.g., pounds per minute). They are designed for use with gases, liquids, steams, or slurries.
Mass Flow Switches
Mass liquid flow switches and mass gas flow switches are devices used for measuring the flow or quantity of a moving liquid or gas in terms of a unit of mass per unit time, such as pounds per minute. These devices may be sensors with electrical output or may be stand-alone instruments with local displays and controls.
Ultrasonic Flow Meters
Ultrasonic flow meters use sound waves to determine flow rates. They can be either Doppler Effect meters or Time-of-Flight meters.
Volumetric Gas Flow Switches
Volumetric gas flow switches are devices with a switch output used for measuring the flow or quantity of a moving gas in terms of a unit of volume per unit time, such as cubic feet per minute.
Volumetric Liquid Flow Switches
Volumetric liquid flow switches measure the flow or quantity of a moving fluid in terms of a unit of volume per time, such as liters per minute. These flow sensing devices have a switch output.