Mechanical testing services perform material and product testing that are aimed at determining structural integrity. Businesses offer these services to reveal the elastic behavior of materials when a force is applied. Common material tests include:
- Hardness testing to measure how resistant materials are to permanent shape change.
- Tensile testing to determine uniaxial tension thresholds.
- Torque testing to determine rotation about an axis.
- Fatigue testing to determine the fail point of materials subject to dynamic loading.
- Charpy impact testing which assigns a value to the energy absorbed by the material during fracture.
- Bend testing strains the material over a given radius.
- Proof load testing the load a material withstands before deformation.
- Shear testing tests a material's resistance to sliding/cutting forces.
Many other mechanical tests can be conducted on materials. Based on these results, design engineers conclude whether a material/design is correct for the intended application. Businesses may offer technical testing services on a contracted or retained basis. The location of the testing service should be considered.
Image credit: Element Materials Tech.