From Chemical Engineering Design: Principles, Practice and Economics of Plant and Process Design


Key Learning Objectives

  • How to specify and design a shell and tube heat exchanger

  • How to design boilers, thermosyphon reboilers and condensers

  • How to design a plate heat exchanger

  • How to design air coolers and fired heaters

  • How to determine whether a reactor can be heated or cooled using a jacket or internal coil


The transfer of heat to and from process fluids is an essential part of most chemical processes. The most commonly used type of heat transfer equipment is the ubiquitous shell and tube heat exchanger, the design of which is the main subject of this chapter.

The fundamentals of heat transfer theory are covered in many other textbooks: see Holman (2002), Ozisik (1985), Rohsenow et al. (1998), Kreith and Bohn (2000), and Incropera and Dewitt (2001).

Several useful books have been published on the design of heat exchange equipment. These should be consulted for more details of the construction of equipment and design methods than can be given in this book. A selection of the more useful texts is listed in the bibliography at the end of this chapter. The compilation edited by Schl nder (1983) is probably the most comprehensive work on heat exchanger design methods available in the open literature; see also the edition by Hewitt (1990). The book by Saunders (1988) is recommended as a good source of information on heat exchanger design, especially for shell and tube exchangers.

As with distillation, work on the development of reliable design methods for heat...

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