From Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook: Quick and Accurate Solutions to Your Everyday Pipeline Problems, Sixth Edition


Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps are best suited for large volume applications or for smaller volumes when the ratio of volume to pressure is high. The selection of the proper pump will depend on the system throughput, viscosity, specific gravity, and head requirements for a particular application. Where a variety of products with different characteristics are handled, it may be necessary to utilize multiple pumps either in series or parallel, or a series-parallel combination, or pumps with variable speed capabilities to achieve the desired throughput at least cost. Economics will ultimately determine the type and number of pumps to be used.

The first step in selecting centrifugal pumps is to analyze the pipeline system and determine its characteristics such as the pressure required to move the desired flow rate. Initial and future conditions should be evaluated so that pumps with sufficient flexibility to handle both conditions with minor changes may be selected. Refer to Section 13 Liquid Hydraulics for data on calculating pipeline pressure drop.

Pump manufacturers publish pump performance maps similar to the one shown in Figure 1 to aid in pump selection. The performance map shows the range of differential head and capacity that will be developed by a family of pumps. Once the system data have been established, a pump may be selected from the map. The selection is further refined by referring to a curve such as that shown in Figure 2, which shows a typical pump manufacturer's catalog curve for a specific pump showing the performance...

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Specialty metal shapes and stock consists of metals and alloys with an unlisted, specialized or proprietary shape or stock form.
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