From Embedded Media Processing

ADC

Analog-to-Digital Converter

AFE

Analog Front End

ASIC

Application-Specifc Integrated Circuit

ASSP

Application-Specifc Standard Product

CCD

Charge-Coupled Device

CCLK

Processor Core Clock

CIF

Common Intermediate Format, a video display resolution

CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CYMK

Cyan-Yellow-Magenta-blacK color space

D-1

Digital 1, a broadcast display format

DAC

Digital-to-Analog Converter

DCT

Discrete Cosine Transform

DDR

Double Data Rate SDRAM

DMA

Direct Memory Access

DSP

Digital Signal Processor

EMP

Embedded Media Processing

FFT

Fast Fourier Transform

FIFO

First-In, First-Out (buffer device)

FPGA

Field-Programmable Gate Array

Fps

Frames per second (video)

I/O

Input/Output

kbps, kb/s

Kilobits per second (thousands of bits per second)

kBps, kB/s

Kilobytes per second (thousands of bytes per second)

Mbps, Mb/s

Megabits per second (millions of bits per second)

MBps, MB/s

Megabytes per second (millions of bytes per second)

MCU

Microcontroller

MIPS

Millions of Instructions Per Second (MCU benchmark)

MMACS

Millions of Multiply-Accumulates per Second (DSP benchmark)

NTSC

National Television System Committee television broadcast standard

OS

Operating System

PAL

Phase Alternation Line television broadcast standard

PLL

Phase-Locked Loop

PPI

Parallel Peripheral Interface

PWM

Pulse-Width Modulation

QCIF

Quarter-CIF, a video display resolution

QVGA

Quarter-VGA, a graphics display resolution

RGB

Red-Green-Blue color space

RISC

Reduced Instruction Set Computer/Computing

RTC

Real-Time Clock

RTOS

Real-Time Operating System

SCLK

Processor System Clock (Peripheral Clock)

SDRAM

Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

SPORT

Synchronous Serial Port

SRAM

Static Random Access Memory

UART

Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter

VDSP

VisualDSP++ software development tools suite

VGA

Video Graphics Array, a graphics display resolution

Copyright Elsevier Inc. 2006 under license agreement with Books24x7

Products & Services
Video Connectors
Video connectors are electrical connectors used for carrying analog or digital data and video signals. They can be used on the end of a cable, as part of an electronics device, or with another device with a video input or output.
Video Processor Boards
Video processor boards are used to process video, medical imaging, automated optical inspection, and other related activities. They can be fitted with between one and a thousand digital signal processing (DSP) units in order to increase the computing power of the board.
Low Light Cameras
Low light cameras are a type of video camera with extreme photon sensitivity, and are excellent for recording in situations where only ambient levels of light are available. Common deployments include overnight surveillance and remote machine monitoring.
Video Cards
Video cards are used to regulate the data displayed on computer monitors.
Video Cameras
Video cameras record live-action scenes that are available for viewing via a stored or transmitted video feed. This allows the user to create a permanent and detailed chronicle of events. Video cameras record dozens of pictures (or frames) a second that when viewed in succession, clearly distinguish the translation of an object or person over time.

Topics of Interest

Why Are You Reading This Book? Well, assuming that you find your pleasure reading elsewhere, we hope you're reading this book for at least one of the following reasons: You'd like to understand more...

AAL ATM Adaptation Layer ABR Available Bit Rate ACATS Advisory Committee on Advanced Television Service ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ADC Analog to Digital Converter A/D...

Absorption: The portion of optical attenuation in an optical fiber resulting from the conversion of optical power to heat; caused by impurities such as hydroxyl ions in the fiber. A/B Switch: A...

Overview Signaling, Digital Voice, Analog to Digital Conversion, Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), SNA and SDLC and Signaling System 7 (SS7) The term bit is a contraction of binary digit, the smallest...

5.1 Evolution of Digital Video Coding Digital video coding has gone through a long history of technological evolution (see Figure 5.2). The first practical digital video coding standard was H.261,...