From Green Chemistry and Engineering
Industry leaders believe that PI would typically provide the following benefits:
a reduction in capital cost by 60%,
a 99% reduction in impurity amount in the final product, resulting in a significantly more valuable product,
a 70+% reduction in energy usage and hence considerable reduction in operating cost,
a 93% first-time yield (per pass yield), leading to reduction in downstream processing and less material to recycle back to the reactor,
a 99% reduction in reactor volume, leading to inherently safer operation, reduced capital cost, and also less storage of inventory.
Delphi is a forecasting technique based on answers to questionnaires. The technique is widely used to facilitate formation of a group judgment without permitting interaction and biasing that normally happen during a group discussion. It is a method for achieving a structured anonymous interaction between selected experts by means of a questionnaire and feedback. Delphi is commonly used
for creative exploration of ideas,
to collect suitable information for decision making,
to identify factors influencing the future state of process intensification's development,
to develop the time scale of differing aspects of the technology's realized potential.
A Delphi study conducted in 2002 focused on identifying the potential opportunities for Process Intensification Technologies (Nikoleris et al., 2002). The questionnaire was sent to a preselected group of experts in order to obtain individual responses to the problems posed. The Delphi studies came up with important findings with respect to PI, and those findings are listed here:
Lower energy use in the...
Products & Services
Topics of Interest
Reactions PI in reactions has led to several new designs and techniques. Miniaturization can be developed based on the categorization of reaction kinetics. Lonza and Visp have used a kinetically...
daily cell meeting run by the supervisor of a cell, it is a short meeting to monitor daily work and reports, go over critical issues, share information from the management, and suggest improvement...
Methodology The instrument selected for this research was a questionnaire survey. Interviews were not used as a research method because KM is still in its infancy in the AEC industry as well as the...
A Accelerator principle, 228 229 Advertising, 51, 123 Airbus Industrie, 80, 230 231 Air France, 9 Air India, 29 Allocative efficiency, 135 Allocative mechanism, 6 Arsenal FC, 94 Attitudes,...
16.3: Pre-Contract Enquiries The most useful means of creating an environmental picture of the vendor company or business is to make appropriate pre-contact enquiries in the form of an environmental...