BOOK_CONTENT
From Analysis and Deformulation of Polymeric Materials: Paints, Plastics, Adhesives, and Inks
Table 1.1: Properties of Materials and Methods of Analysis

Property

Method of Analysis

Color

OM(S/B)

Virtual image and magnification

OM(S)

High topological magnification

EWS)

Subsurface analysis

AES(S)

Elemental identification

EDXRA(S/B)

Chemical identification

EPM(S),AES(S), ESCA(S), IR(S/B), AS(B), XRD(B), NMR(B), GC(B),HPLC(B)

Crystal form and degree of crystallization

XRD(B), UV(B)

Melting temperature

DSC, DTA(B)

Glass transition temperature

DSC(B)

Decomposition temperature

TGA(B)

Modulus versus temperature

DMA(B)

Coefficient of thermal expansion

TMA(B)

Polymer/resin molecular weight

GPC(B)

Surface energy

G(S)

Viscosity

V(B)

X-ray imaging

XRM(S/B)

Legend: S, surface analysis; B, bulk analysis; OM, optical microscopy; EM, electron microscopy; EDXRA, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis; EPM, electron probe microanalysis; AES, Auger electron spectroscopy: ESCA, electron scanning chemical analysis; IR, infrared spectroscopy; AS, atomic spectroscopy; XRD, X-ray diffraction spectros-copy; GPC, gel permeation chromatography; HPLC. high-performance liquid chromatography; GC, gas chromatography; UV, ultraviolet spectroscopy; NMR. nuclear magnetic resonance; DSC, differential scanning calorimetry; TGA, thermogravimetric analysis; TMA, thermomechanical analysis; DMA, dynamic mechanical analysis; DTA, differential thermal analysis; V, viscosity; XRM, X-ray microscopy; G, goniometer.

Table 2.1: Infrared Absorption Frequencies, Chemical Groups, and Compounds

Bond

Compound Type

Frequency Range(cm ?1)

-C-H

Alkanes

2850-2960

-CH 2

Alkanes

1450

-CH 3

Alkanes

1325-1400

-C-H

Alkenes

3020-3080

Aromatic rings

3000-3100

Alkynes

3300

-C=C-

Alkenes

1640-1680

-C=C-

Alkynes

2100-2260

-C=C-

Aromatic rings

1500,1600

-C-O

Alcohols, ethers, carboxylic acids, esters

1080-1300

-C=O

Aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters

1690-1760

-O-H

Monomeric alcohols, phenols

3610-3640

Hydrogen-bonded alcohols, phenols

3200-3600

Carboxylic acids

2500-3000

-N-H

Amines

3300-3500

-C ?N

Nitriles

2210-2260

-NO 2

Nitro compounds

Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002 under license agreement with Books24x7

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