From Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook, Second Edition


In an industrial facility, solid waste is generated in a number of ways. For example, if a manufacturing process generates scrap that cannot be reused, it may be treated as solid waste. Think of a shoemaking facility; it is easy to imagine scraps of leather, rejected from the cutting equipment, that cannot be reused. As another example, a facility might purchase components of the manufacturing process from a third party; those components may be received in boxes. The boxes may in turn be treated as solid waste. The ways a facility can generate solid waste are virtually limitless.

Another contribution to the solid waste that a facility generates is derived from the wastewater and air treatment processes. For many of these processes, sludges are generated that can be a large percentage of the waste a facility generates. It is important to recognize that a sludge generated by a wastewater treatment process, for example, may not represent the end of the treatment train. Thickening and dewatering techniques are available to further reduce the volume of sludge that will eventually be disposed. Those treatment technologies will not be discussed here, as there are texts devoted solely to that subject. The Bibliography provides recommended reading resources.

Likewise, in Chapter 4, the principles of waste minimization are discussed. The easiest way to treat and ultimately dispose of solid waste is by not generating it in the first place. However, when there are no further means of waste treatment and no options for waste...

Copyright Elsevier Inc. 2006 under license agreement with Books24x7

Products & Services
RF and Microwave Connectors
RF and microwave connectors are used to connect the ends of cables in systems that operate in the radio frequency (RF) or microwave spectrum. They include threaded or bayonet-style couplings that snap, screw, or push into place.
Radios are communication systems that send and/or receive electromagnetic waves. Devices such as citizens’ band (CB) radios, walkie-talkies, and handie-talkies are two-way radios that can be used for interpersonal communications.
Antennas are structures or devices used to collect or radiate electromagnetic waves.
Antenna Design Software
Antenna design software is used for the design and electromagnetic analysis of all types of antenna systems, including planar and microstrip antennas, hollow waveguide and horn antennas, and helical antennas.

Topics of Interest

General Wastes from industries include solid wastes, air pollutants, and wastewaters. These separate categories of wastes are regulated by separate and distinct bodies of laws and regulations. Solid...

CHAPTER LIST Chapter 27: Low- and Medium-Frequency Antennas Chapter 28: HF Antennas Chapter 29: VHF and UHF Antennas for Communications and Broadcasting Chapter 30: Portable TV Antennas Chapter...

References [1] R. C. Johnson, ed., Antenna Engineering Handbook, 3 rd ed., McGraw-Hill, 1993. [2] R. W. P. King, Tables of Antenna Characteristics, IFI/Plenum Press, 1971. [3] N. N. Rao, Elements...

The antenna is a vital link in the reception process. It is the transducer to convert electromagnetic radiation propagating through space into a microwave signal that can be processed by a receiver.

An antenna is designed for VHF and UHF DVB operation using Antenna Magus, a matching network is designed in Optenni Lab and the full combination simulated in FEKO.