From Biotechnology Procedures and Experiments Handbook
EXERCISE 3. CELL SIZE MEASUREMENTS: OCULAR AND STAGE MICROMETERS
Figure 11: Micrometery.
Place a stage micrometer on the microscope stage, and using the lowest magnification (4X), focus on the grid of the stage micrometer.
Rotate the ocular micrometer by turning the appropriate eyepiece. Move the stage until you superimpose the lines of the ocular micrometer upon those of the stage micrometer. With the lines of the 2 micrometers coinciding at one end of the field, count the spaces of each micrometer to a point at which the lines of the micrometers coincide again.
Since each division of the stage micrometer measures 10 micrometers, and since you know how many ocular divisions are equivalent to 1 stage division, you can now calculate the number of micrometers in each space of the ocular scale.
Repeat for 10X and 40X, and 100X. Record your calculations below:
Value for each ocular unit at 4X
Value for each ocular unit at 10X
Value for each ocular unit at 40/45X
Value for each ocular unit at 100X
Using the stage micrometer, determine the smallest length (in microns) that can be resolved with each objective. This is the measured limit of resolution for each lens.
Compare this value to the theoretical limit of resolution, calculated on the basis of the numerical aperture of the lens and a wavelength of 450 nm (blue light).
Using the calculated values...
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