From Die Design Fundamentals, 3rd Edition


Gages must be considered in the design of press tools because these components position the strip longitudinally in its travel through the die. In second-operation dies, gages locate the previously blanked or formed part for further processing operations. Design considerations include:

  1. Material choice. Commercial gage stock or an equivalent finished tool steel is used for gages in first class dies. Cold-rolled steel should be used only when low production requirements exist.

  2. Adequate thickness. The back gage and front spacer must be thick enough to avoid binding the strip between the stripper plate and the die block because of possible camber in the strip. Camber, or curvature, is more pronounced in coiled stock that has not passed through a straightener.

  3. Good doweling practice. Because gages locate the strip or part, they should always be doweled in position.

  4. Accuracy of location. Dimensions from the die hole to the locating surfaces of gages are always given decimally on the drawing.

  5. Accuracy of locating surfaces. The gaging surfaces that actually bear against the strip (or part) should be ground, and so marked on the die drawing.

This section illustrates numerous methods of applying gages to various types of dies. These methods further explain Step 7 in Chapter 5 Fourteen Steps to Design a Die.


a Two-Station Dies

In passing through a two-station pierce and blank die, (Figure 12.1) the strip is positioned against back gage A by the operator. Strip...

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Products & Services
Fixed Gages
Fixed gages are designed to access a specific attribute based on comparative gaging. These gages are used for quickly assessing approximate size in a go / no-go manner.
Ring Gages
Ring gages are used for go / no-go assessment compared to the specified dimensional tolerances or attributes of pins, shafts, or threaded studs.
Thread Gages
Thread gages are dimensional instruments for measuring and/or verifying thread size, pitch or other parameters.
Snap Gages
Snap gages are used in production settings where specific diametrical or thickness measurements must be repeated frequently with precision and accuracy.
Masters and Setting Gages
Masters and setting gages provide dimensional standards for calibrating other gages.

Topics of Interest

13.1 INTRODUCTION Finger stops, or primary stops as they are sometimes called, are used in dies with two or more stations. They register the strip for performing operations prior to strip engagement...

OVERVIEW Fixed gages embody the direct or reverse physical replica of the object dimension to be measured. The gage may represent the part dimension either in its nominal condition the master gages...

15.1 INTRODUCTION Stripper plates remove the material strip from around blanking and piercing punches. Severe adhesion of strip to punches is characteristic of the die cutting process. Because of...

The taperlock gage is so-called because of the tapered shank, which locks into the tapered hole in the end of the handle. It is the time honored standard of the American Gage Design Committee, for...

17.7 TYPE OF THE DIE SETS a Back-Post Die Sets Most dies designed for hand feeding of strip are provided with two guide posts applied at the back of the die set. This type gives maximum visibility...