From Die Design Fundamentals, 3rd Edition


After studying die design, it will be helpful to have an understanding of the construction and operation of the presses, or machines, in which the dies are operated. In this section you will learn about not only the newer and more modern machines and presses, but also about some of the older types that are still operating in many factories today. Several of these older models have been in use for 30 years or more and are still producing parts.

Fundamentally, stamping presses are machines with the space to contain and the means to perform dedicated metal-forming tooling with the force, speed, and precision necessary to produce the desired part shape. Mechanical and hydraulic stamping presses are available in several basic designs and a wide range of sizes, tonnage capacities, stroke lengths, and operating speeds.

Both mechanical and hydraulic presses are classified by the type of frame upon which the mowing elements of the press are mounted. The two most common frame types are the gap-frame (or C-frame) and the straight side press. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Press Power

Today's presses get their power from four basic sources. These sources are:

  1. Manual. These presses are hand-operated or foot-operated.

  2. Mechanical. These presses are motor-driven and may have a flywheel, single reduction gear, or multiple reduction gearing.

  3. Hydraulic. These presses may be oil-operated or water-operated.

  4. Pneumatic. These presses are operated by compressed air.

In this section we will discuss...

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Products & Services
Presses (metalworking)
Industrial presses (metalworking) use a ram to shear, punch, form or assemble metal or other material by means of cutting, shaping, or combination dies attached to slides. Examples include die cutting machines, forming and bending machines, punch presses, shop presses, sheet metal equipment, stamping presses, and wire forming machines.
Die Cutters and Die Cutting Machines
Die cutters and die cutting machines convert web or sheet materials into shapes. They are used to process woven cloth, non-woven textiles, and rubber sheets.
Punch Presses
Punch presses are designed for stamping, punching, bending, shearing, converting, and assembly operations.
Tableting Presses
Tableting presses are used for uniaxial pressing of powdered materials into shaped tablets or compacts - usually at high speeds.
Powder Compacting Equipment
Powder compacting equipment is used to shape powders as part of a forming process and to compress a wide range of materials into compact shapes for ease of transportation and handling.

Topics of Interest

Glossary A ADAPTOR A block used to mount a die to a press slide. AERIAL CAM A cam attached to the punch holder with a driver on the die holder. Also called a flying cam. AIR BEND DIE A die in...

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