From Handbook of Machining and Metalworking Calculations


Broaching is a precision machining operation wherein a broach tool is either pulled or pushed through a hole in a workpiece or over the surface of a workpiece to produce a very accurate shape such as round, square, hexagonal, spline, keyway, and so on. Keyways in gear and sprocket hubs are broached to an exact dimension so that the key will fit with very little clearance between the hub of the gear or sprocket and the shaft. The cutting teeth on broaches are increased in size along the axis of the broach so that as the broach is pushed or pulled through the workpiece, a progressive series of cuts is made to the finished size in a single pass.

Broaches are driven or pulled by manual arbor presses and horizontal or vertical broaching machines. A single stroke of the broaching tool completes the machining operation. Broaches are commonly made from premium-quality HSS and are supplied either in single tools or as sets in graduated sizes and different shapes.

Broaches may be used to cut internal or external shapes on workpieces. Blind holes also can be broached with specially designed broaching tools. The broaching tool teeth along the length of the broach are normally divided into three separate sections. The teeth of a broach include roughing teeth, semifinishing teeth, and finishing teeth. All finishing teeth of a broach are the same size, while the semifinishing and roughing teeth are progressive in size up to the finishing teeth.

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2001 under license agreement with Books24x7

Products & Services
Broaches are devices for cut-sizing, in which the tool is forced through the material for precision sizing or surface finishing.
Broaching Machines
Broaching machines are used in a metal-removal process, broaching, that is similar to planing. They have rows of cutting teeth along a cutting axis.
Milling Cutters
Milling cutters are rotating cutting tools that are used mainly in milling machines and machining centers. Common configurations include end mills, face mills, shell mills, and application-specific cutters and geometries.
Gear Manufacturing Machines
Gear manufacturing machines are used to cut, form, and finish gear teeth. They perform processes such as hobbing, milling, grinding, lapping, and deburring.
ANSI Roller Chain Sprockets
Roller chain sprockets engage chain drives in power transmission and conveyor systems, though sprockets can engage any perforated material. Chain drives can be highly efficient and can produce a mechanical advantage as speed reducers/increasers. Sprockets conforming to ANSI standard B 29.1 are not meant to engage roller chains of any other parameter. ANSI conforming roller chain is smaller and somewhat weaker than its European counterpart.

Topics of Interest

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