From The Laser Guidebook

Overview

The helium-neon laser probably is the most familiar of all lasers. The least-expensive gas laser, it has long been the standard choice to demonstrate laser physics in schools, colleges, and museums. In its most familiar form, the He Ne emits a fraction of a milliwatt to tens of milliwatts (mW) of red light at 632.8 nanometers (nm). As such, it has long been the most common and most economical visible laser.

The helium-neon laser was among the first lasers demonstrated, and was the first gas laser (Javan et al., 1961). Initial versions emitted at 1153 nm in the infrared, but other researchers soon found that the same gas mixture could lase in the red (White and Rigden, 1962). Other lines were produced in the laboratory, but the strong 632.8-nm red line has long been the most important because it made up to about 50 mW available at a visible wavelength. Sales have climbed over the years, and were nearing the half-million mark in 1990 ( Lasers & Optronics, 1990).

However, important changes are in the offing. Red semiconductor lasers were developed in the late 1980s. Although they cost more than near-infrared semiconductor lasers, the prices of red semiconductor lasers are dropping, and they have become competitive with red heliumneon lasers. Semiconductor lasers have important advantages, including smaller size, higher efficiency, and no need for the high drive voltage used in gas lasers. They cannot replace all red helium-neon lasers because the gas lasers have better coherence and beam quality,...

Copyright McGraw-Hill, Inc. 1992 under license agreement with Books24x7

Products & Services
Helium Neon Lasers
Helium neon (HeNe) lasers have an emission that is determined by neon atoms by virtue of a resonant transfer of excitation of helium. They operate continuously in the red, infrared and far-infrared regions and emit highly monochromatic radiation.
Lasers
Lasers are devices that produce intense beams of monochromatic, coherent radiation. The word "laser" is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.
Laser Mounts
Laser mounts are devices that keep a laser in position on an optical table.
Laser Pointers
Laser pointers are compact instruments that produce a low-power, visible laser light. They are often used for pointing out features on a projected visual display.
Excimer Lasers
Excimer lasers are rare-gas halide or rare-gas metal vapor lasers that produce relatively wide beams of ultraviolet laser light. They operate via the electronic transitions of molecules.

Topics of Interest

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