From Ship Design and Construction, Volume II
Kai Levander

37.1 PASSENGER SHIP DESCRIPTION

The IMO SOLAS (Safety Of Life At Sea) convention defines a passenger ship as a vessel which carries more than 12 passengers. Passengers are all persons on board other than the crew members, regardless of whether they pay for the sea voyage or not. The international, national and classification society requirements for passenger ship design and construction depend on the size of the ship, number of passengers, the operating area and length of the route (1).


Figure 37.1: Cruise Ship Costa Atlantica Delivered in 2000

37.1.1 Passenger Ship Types

Passenger ships can be divided into three main types:

  1. Cruise ships are related to leisure activities. The voyage lasts several days and usually the ship returns to the port of departure. Figure 37.1 shows a typical cruise ship.

  2. Ferries sail on short routes transporting both passengers and vehicles. The trip lasts for some hours or at the most for one night. Ferries traveling on overnight routes can have a large passenger area, with cabins, restaurants and lounges. They are then called cruise ferries (2). Figure 37.2 shows a typical passenger and car ferry. For a detailed discussion on ferries, see Chapter 38.


    Figure 37.2: Passenger and Car Ferry Normandie

  3. Fast ferries operate on short routes and use their high speed to reduce the transit time. The trips last normally less than 4 hours. To reach a high speed these ferries must be light and have very powerful machinery. IMO has developed...


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Automatic Identification Systems (AIS)

Automatic identification systems (AISs) transmits location data about a vessel to other ships and coastal facilities. An AIS is required on large vessels, tankers, and some ships that operate in congested waters.

Lifeboats and Life Rafts
Lifeboats and life rafts are small, rigid or inflatable boats for the emergency evacuation of a vessel. They provide refuge from open water conditions to increase the survivability of passengers and crew after abandoning an unseaworthy vessel.
Marine Repair Services
Marine repair services offer repair modification alteration, installation, and overhaul services of marine vessels including vessels for naval use.
Navigation Lights
Navigation lights are colored illumination devices used on aircraft, watercraft, and spacecraft. They are used to alert other crafts or vessels of the signaling craft's position, status, and/or heading.
Speed Logs
Speed logs measure the transit speed of vessels.

Topics of Interest

Jennifer Knox 38.1 DESCRIPTION OF FERRIES 38.1.1 Mission The role of a ferry is the routine and continuous transport of people, their associated baggage, vehicles and trains. This is a transport role...

Thomas Lamb Markku Kanerva 35.1 DESCRIPTION 35.1.1 Mission The mission of roll-on/roll-off ships (ROROs) is to transport cargo that is capable of being rolled on to and off ships, thus eliminating...

Learning Objectives By the end of the chapter the reader should be able to: Reflect on the issues affecting management of accommodation on board Discuss yield management in context Examine the...

Kitsap Transit is a public transportation agency, based in Bremerton, Washington and serving the county of Kitsap, which operates routed bus service, foot ferry service and service for elderly and...

Kitsap Transit is a public transportation agency, based in Bremerton, Washington and serving the county of Kitsap, which operates routed bus service, foot ferry service and service for elderly and...

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