From Shop Reference for Students and Apprentices, Second Edition

Machining Magnesium

Machining Magnesium. Magnesium alloys are readily machined and with relatively low power consumption per cubic inch of metal removed. The usual practice is to employ high cutting speeds with relatively coarse feeds and deep cuts. Exceptionally fine finishes can be obtained so that grinding to improve the finish usually is unnecessary. The horsepower normally required in machining magnesium varies from 0.15 to 0.30 per cubic inch per minute. While this value is low, especially in comparison with power required for cast iron and steel, the total amount of power for machining magnesium usually is high because of the exceptionally rapid rate at which metal is removed.

Carbide tools are recommended for maximum efficiency, although high-speed steel frequently is employed. Tools should be designed so as to dispose of chips readily or without excessive friction, by employing polished chip-bearing surfaces, ample chip spaces, large clearances, and small contact areas. Keen-edged tools should always be used.

Feeds and Speeds for Magnesium: Speeds ordinarily range up to 5000 feet per minute for rough- and finish-turning, up to 3000 feet per minute for rough-milling, and up to 9000 feet per minute for finish-milling. For rough-turning, the following combinations of speed in feet per minute, feed per revolution, and depth of cut are recommended: Speed 300 to 600 feet per minute feed 0.030 to 0.100 inch, depth of cut 0.5 inch; speed 600 to 1000 feed 0.020 to 0.080, depth of cut 0.4; speed 1000 to 1500 feed...

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Products & Services
Boring Tools
Boring tools are used to cut or finish the inner diameter of holes.
Power Feeds
Power feeds attach to the ball screws of milling machines, drilling machines, and other machine tools to provide an accurate, repeatable feed rate. They are designed to provide automated feed replacement for handwheels on manually-controlled machine tools.
Machining Centers
Machining centers are machine tools that are used to automatically repeat operations on a workpiece. They are usually numerically controlled. Operations include drilling, reaming, tapping, milling, and boring.
Turning Tools
Turning tools are used on lathes for cutting or finishing the outside diameter of a workpiece.
Robotic Deburring Tools
Robotic deburring tools are robotic end-effectors for removing burrs, flashing, and other unwanted edge properties caused by cutting or machining.

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