From Telecommunications Cabling Installation, Second Edition


Cable termination involves organizing cables by destination, forming and dressing cables, and proper labeling, as well as actually creating a connection with a copper or fiber conductor. This chapter describes the methods, tools, and applications for terminating copper and optical fiber cables. It lists pretermination steps and addresses several different applications relative to the termination of a cable, including:

  • Termination blocks.

  • Patch panels.

  • Telecommunications outlet/connector.

  • Direct connection.

  • Copper cable.

  • Coaxial cable.

  • Optical fiber cable.

The following types of cable currently recognized by the ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.1, Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard, Part 1: General Requirements, for use in the premises cabling are covered in this chapter:

  • 100 twisted-pair copper cable

  • Multimode optical fiber

  • Singlemode fiber

Undercarpet flat cable is designed for installation under carpeting. Undercarpet cable will make a transition from round horizontal cable to flat cable in a transition box, usually at a wall. The work area (WA) termination is the same as for other work area outlets. It should be noted that the length of undercarpet cable should meet the following recommendations for data circuits:

  • Avoid high traffic areas.

  • Keep the undercarpet cable as short as possible (10 m [33 ft] is the recommended maximum length).

  • Maintain at least 150 mm (6 in) clearance from power circuits.

  • If power circuits must be crossed, the cross should be at right angles and above the power circuit.

This type of cabling system is mentioned here as...

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Products & Services
Cable Laying Services
Cable laying services install fiber optic cable or copper cable in buildings and office complexes, or over large distances.
Ethernet Cables
Ethernet cables are designed to support Ethernet, a standard protocol for the connection of computers in a local area network (LAN). They use twisted pair cables and modular connectors, and are designed to run at 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1 Gbps.
Network Wiring and Cabling Services
Network wiring and network cabling services install copper and fiber optic cable within buildings or central offices.
Audio Cables
Audio cables transmit audible signals such as voice and music. They are designed to minimize noise and interference that can impair sound quality.  Audio cables connect an audio source such as a stereo or microphone to an audio receiver or output such as speakers. Most products are shielded to prevent electromagnetic interference (EMI), typically with a foil and/or braided shield.  
Cable Testers
Cable testers are handheld or benchtop electronic devices that measure the electrical and physical properties of network cabling.

Topics of Interest

Copper Cable Overview Intrabuilding splices are generally constructed in equipment rooms (ERs), telecommunications rooms (TRs), main terminals, entrance facilities (EFs), and cable trays. Cable...

OVERVIEW Installing copper cables in a building is the first step to being able to use these cables for a communication system. Cable termination is the next step in the cable installation process.

Media Overview Telecommunications cabling installers must be aware of the various types of media (cable) that are available for installation and maintenance. Each type and configuration has specific...

OVERVIEW Multipair copper and optical fiber cables are installed for the backbone subsystem. Backbone communication cables are installed between telecommunications rooms (TRs) for voice, low-speed...

OVERVIEW Copper cables can be used for both horizontal and backbone media types. Large multipair UTP cables are used for backbone applications. Smaller, four-pair cables are installed for horizontal...

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