From Transmission Line Transformers, Fourth Edition

Sec 4.1: Introduction

More recent experiments by the author (since the publication of the first edition of this book) revealed some interesting results concerning low-impedance applications. Foremost was the design of closely wound rod transformers as compared to toroidal transformers for matching 12.5 ? unbalanced to 50 ? unbalanced (matching a short vertical antenna to 50- ? coaxial cable). Recent measurements showed that, with a tightly wound rod transformer, a characteristic impedance of 25 ? was easily obtained and the optimum high-frequency response did approach very closely the theoretical prediction by Ruthroff (ref 9). [1]

An early assumption that a tightly wound toroidal transformer had the same characteristic impedance of a rod transformer led to the conclusion that the optimum characteristic impedance for best high-frequency response should be considerably lower than predicted. Actual measurements of the characteristic impedances on toroids (before the transformers were connected as ununs) showed the values to be greater by about 30% over the rods. This is attributed to the difficulty of achieving as tight a winding on a toroid and the different effect of the fringing field on toroidal cores. Transmission loss measurements on toroids again showed that the optimum impedance level for maximum high-frequency response was well predicted by Ruthroff. Some other interesting effects from the length-to-width ratio of the coiled winding on rod transformers were also discussed in the previous chapter.

When matching 50- ? coaxial cable to impedances of 12.5 ? and lower using toroidal cores,...

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Topics of Interest

Sec 5.1: Introduction Chapter 4 dealt with transformer parameters for working at low-impedance levels; transformers which are basically used to match the ubiquitous 50- ? cable to impedances...

Sec 8.1: Introduction Transmission line transformers exhibit exceptionally high efficiencies over considerable bandwidths. By connecting several transformers in series, they can provide practical...

Sec 11.1: Introduction In Chapter 2 it was shown that the role of a transmission line transformer core is to enhance the choking action of the coiled windings to better isolate the input from the...

Sec 9.2: The 1:1 Balun The 1:1 balun is well known to radio amateurs and antenna professionals, since it is widely used to match coaxial cables to dipole antennas and to Yagi beams that incorporate...

Sec 6.1: Introduction The 1:4 unbalanced-to-unbalanced (unun) transformer can be said to have had the most attention in the literature from an analysis standpoint (refs 9-27). [1] Credit is given, in...