BOOK_CONTENT
From Universal Joints and Driveshafts: Analysis, Design, Applications

1352-54

Universal jointed driveshaft in the clock mechanism of Strasbourg Cathedral.

1550

Geronimo Cardano's gimbal suspension.

1663

Robert Hooke's universal joint. 1683 double Hooke's joint.

1824

Analysis of the motion of Hooke's joints with the aid of spherical trigonometry and differential calculus, and the calculation of the forces on the cross by Jean Victor Poncelet.

1841

Kinematic treatment of the Hooke's joint by Robert Willis.

1894

Calculation of surface stresses for crosses by Carl Bach.

1901/02

Patents for automotive joints by Arthur Hardt and Robert Schwenke.

1904

Series production of Hooke's joints and driveshafts by Clarence Winfred Spicer.

1908

First ball joint by William A. Whitney. Plunging + articulation separated.

1918

Special conditions for the uniform transmission of motion by Maurice d'Ocagne. 1930 geometrical evidence for the constant velocity characteristics of the Tracta joint.

1923

Fixed ball joint steered by generating centres widely separated from the joint mid-point, by Carl William Weiss. Licence granted to the Bendix Corp.

1926

Pierre Fenaille's "homokinetic" joint.

1927

Six-ball fixed joint with 45 articulation angle by Alfred H. Rzeppa. 1934 with offset steering of the balls. First joint with concentric meridian tracks.

1928

First Hooke's joint with needle bearings for the crosses by Clarence Winfred Spicer. Bipode joint by Richard Bussien.

1933

Ball joint with track-offset by Bernard K. Stuber.

1935

Tripode joint by J. W. Kittredge, 1937 by Edmund B. Anderson.

1938

Plunging ball joint according to the offset principle...

Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006 under license agreement with Books24x7

Products & Services
Universal Joints
Universal joints are flexible mechanical connections used to transmit rotary motion from one shaft to another shaft that is not in line with the first, or when alignment varies during service.
Waterstops
Waterstops are static seals used between joints in concrete structures to prevent the passage of water or other fluids.
Vacuum Flanges and Fittings
Vacuum flanges and fittings connect runs of pipe and tubing in vacuum or process gas system to other tubing sections, pipe, hose, valves, pumps, chambers or other vacuum components.
Fiber Optic Rotary Joints
Fiber optic rotary joints (FORJ) are the optical equivalent of electrical slip rings. They enable uninterrupted transmission of an optical signal while rotating along the fiber axis.

Topics of Interest

The earliest information about joints came from Philon of Byzantium around 230 BC in his description of censers and inkpots with articulated suspension. In 1245 AD the French church architect, Villard...

4.4 Ball Joints The transmitting elements in ball joints are balls which run independently along guide tracks. It is assumed that the compressive force P is evenly distributed among all m-active...

Overview According to the principles of kinematics the universal joints of a driveshaft belong to the family of spherical crank mechanisms. They arise from the planar four-bar linkage (Fig. 2.1a) if...

4.7 Basic Procedure for the Applications Engineering of Driveshafts The loading of driveshafts depends both on the prime mover and the machinery which is connected. This is given by the shock or...

4.5 Pode Joints Pode joints combine elements of Hooke's and ball joints. The tangential component P x of the compressive load P, resulting from the torque M, is transmitted by the pode trunnions of...

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